While criminal justice reform efforts in Texas have gotten lots of positive press, incarceration trends are complex. Over the last decade—thanks to drug courts, diversion programs and a weakening of the tough-on-crim approach—the state prison population has leveled off. The number of juveniles in lock-up at any given time has plummeted. But Texas remains one of the biggest jailers on the planet, and federal immigrant detention centers have proliferated here.
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