Page 8


ker, and that would have been a lost vote.” Yarborough has pegged his bid to the New Frontier theme: “The people of Texas want to start moving again . . . Ask only what Texas can do to make America great . . . If the governor of Tex 7 as had given us the kind of leadership President Kennedy has given us on the national level, then the state would be on the move.” His campaign slogan has been: “Make Texas No. 1.” The Houston attorney has attacked “the tired Austin clique,” blamed what he calls “sluggish state government” on “the power of the big out-of-state monopolies,” criticized Daniel for his appointments, proposed better welfare programs and old-age pensions, and denounced Connally for “repudiating President Kennedy and the New Frontier.” Daniel and Connally supporters warn that if Yarborough wins the Democratic nomination, he will be the most vulnerable of the three against Republican Cox in the November election. Too many conservative Democrats, they argue, would desert to the GOP. Yarborough people have replied that the risk is worth it because the state party should be oriented toward the goals of the national party, because most deserting conservative Democrats are Republicans anyway, and because a one-party state govern ment has failed to meet its responsibilities to an urban society. Liberals have largely been critical of Connally’s candidacy. His election, they say, would serve to blunt the issues, stymie reform, postpone a two-party system by keeping the Democratic Party in the hands of conservatives, divide the liberal coalition against itself, and turn state government over to the business interests. The less conservative among Connally’s backers reply that it is important that the right-wing of the state party be firmed up as much as possible in future national elections, that Vice President Johnson is doing an excellent job and deserves close ties here to preserve his national position, and that Connally will keep state government on a safe middle-road course. Wilson, in a fighting campaign with frequent barbs at Daniel and Connally, has pledged economy in state government, a conflict-of-interest law, and a fight against undue concentration in both business and labor. He has received a great deal of publicity on the Daniel land acquisitions and his courts of inquiry on Billie Sol Estes. He may have picked up some votes at the governor’s expense. Formby has pitched his case on “progressive conserva THE TEXAS OBSERVER Page 5 May 2, 1962 tism” and has probably been the most vigorous critic of Vice President Johnson. Reliable Gauge Most informed observers predict Walker, who says he is “an extremist and proud of it,” will poll between 75,000 and 100,000 votes. Most of his strength lies in Houston, Dallas, and deeply conservative West Texas, and he may get a good vote out of San Antonio, home of retired soldiers. His campaign, which is being closely followed nationally, will be a reliable gauge of the far right in a state noted nationally for its virulence. More than anything else, Walker’s campaign is rooted in the frustrations and uncertainties of the international situation. “The reason I am running and my platform are one and the same,” he has said, ” . . . the need to defend the United States under God in the struggle for survival against international communism. With nine million others in the state, I want to lead the fight.” Because of Vice President Johnson’s national status, the Walker campaign, the fact that this is something of a pivotal year in state politics, and steady growth of the Republican Party here, this campaign has generated perhaps more national interest than any governor’s race in Texas history. W. M. VOTE FOR WARREN MOORE for Congressman-at-Large THE ENDORSED CANDIDATE OF THE BROTHERHOOD OF LOCOMOTIVE FIREMEN AND ENGINEMEN ad paid for by R. R. Bryant chairman BLF&E Legislative Board 0000 ELECT Charles M. Johnston The Liberal Democratic Candidate For PLACE 3 Travis County QUALIFIED by education training experience ooee elect WALLACE SHROPSHIRE Your COUNTY ATTORNEY for Travis County experienced & qualified Asst .A s s t CD i u s t n r t I y c t A At t t o t o m r n e e y y Special Agent of FBI I Pledge a Program of: Common Sense Law Enforcement and Impartial Consideration to All. TURMAN WILL LEADCARR-REAVLEY RUN-OFF? Democrat for Every Taste in Priority Race between Yarborough and Wilson. Connally has made some inroads in all three. The situation on San Antonio’s Latin West Side, with strong organizations for Daniel, Connally, and Yarborough, is symbolic. Most of the gubernatorial candidates concentrated their lastminute campaign efforts on the major metropolitan areasHouston, San Antonio, Dallas, Fort Worth, the lower Valley. But Gov. Daniel is swinging through BibleBelt East Texas and Yarborough slated flying stops to those smaller cities with strong labor organizations. It is the fourth-term issue, the question of Lyndon Johnson’s role in the party fight, and the possible appeal of New Frontier liberalism as espoused in provincial terms by Yarborough, which are the critical issues of the campaign. Wilson has added others with his accusations against Daniel on conflict-of-interest and his attempt last week on statewide g o of Houston Post editor Bill Hobby told a South Texas press convention state newspapers should work full-time against secret sessions of the Texas Senate. “We have a right to know how our senators vote,” he said. “The public still can’t find out how the Senate votes on some of the most important issues in our state governmentthe appointments to the boards and commissions made by the governor.” Political Intelligence frof The Bexar County Demo cratic Coalition will try to push through Saturday’s precinct conventions six resolutions which are sure to draw opposition. The resolutions urge a constitutional amendment abolishing the poll tax, commend President Kennedy for his “bold and decisive stand” in the steel case, condemn as “politically immoral” those who participate in the Democratic primary while “knowingly intending” to vote Republican in the general election, censure the Birch Society, favor passage of the administration’s medical care bill, and call upon the next legislature to reapportion state legislative districts “to conform with current conditions.” frof A lawsuit which sought to force the appointment of GOP election officials in all Harris County precincts and cer tification of GOP candidates who win nomination May 5 was dis missed by the First Court of Civil Appeals. The suit, directed at County Clerk Bob Turrentine, was dismissed on grounds it was pre mature. The court’s opinion did not rule on whether the GOP must hold primaries in all 278 precincts. fr . Tarrant County is expected to return a slate of seven liberals and moderates to the Texas House, barring unlikely GOP upsets in November. Republicans are creating the novel spectacle of running for local offices in Fort Worth, and informed Democrats reportedly won’t be surprised to lose a county position or two. frof “Texans Against Race Track Gambling” took out a full page ad in the Wall Street Journal calling gambling the biggest cause of embezzlement, broken marri ages, neglected children, poverty, and occasionally suicide. Gov . Price Daniel and Tom James, at torney general candidate, are the television, strongly criticized by Connally and in Washington circles, to link Connally through Johnson to Billie Sol Estes. Only a year and a half ago Daniel, Connally, and Wilson went to Los Angeles as a team to seek Johnson’s nomination for the Presidency. Today Connally is assailing Daniel for tired leadership, fiscal irresponsibility, and dubious party loyalty. Wilson is questioning Connally’s connections with Johnson and his expensive campaign and attacking Daniel’s land acquisitions. Daniel is calling Wilson a mudslinger and Connally a big-money candidate. Yarborough has remained largely immune from this crossfire, probably because everyone wants in a run-off with a liberal. But the cozy courtesy of the moderate-conservative element in the state party is clearly a thing of the past. Campaign Issues Daniel, who has moved since 1956 from his highly conservative two statewide politicians who have waged the most active campaigns against the referenda. Advocates of Rep. Red Berry’s measures are being spearheaded by the Texas Thoroughbred Breeders Association, who continue to argue that legalized betting will attract more tourists and bring in additional tax revenue. Last-week campaigning pro and con is unusually heavy. Although voter opinion on the propositions will not he binding, it will of course, have a psychological effect. Republican voters will vote for or against the legislature’s submitting a constitutional amendment legalizing betting on a local county option basis. Democrats have two propositions. One asks for an opinion on a constitutional amendment legalizing betting. The second asks if a law should be enacted legalizing an arrangement by which the state and the track share 14 percent of the total pool and all counties receive onehalf of the net share based on population. V The Dallas News reiterated its warning this week that Texas liberals and labor are making their “biggest bid in years” to capture the “conservative state Senate.” \(see separate The Houston Press endorsed Manley Head for congressman-at-large. Por Archer Fullinghim, Kountze News editor and ranking East Texas liberal, endorsed Don Yarborough, Jim Turman, Tom Reavley, Woodrow Bean, Keith Wheatley, John White, and Cong. Jack Brooks. frof Mrs. Harold Boots, Amarillo housewife whom Rep. Ronald Roberts is suing for her calling him a card-carrying communist in a textbook hearing, has claimed immunity because she was speaking to a legislative committee. 100 The Houston Press, in Har ris County legislative races, endorsed liberals Charlie Whitfield and Bob Eckhardt and conservatives Paul Floyd and Don Shipley for re-election. The paper is also backing liberals Bill Shead and Clyde Miller against conservative incumbents W. H. Miller and Hank Grover. No recommendation was made for place 4, although the Press stated its opposition to incumbent conservative Don Garrison. states’ rights orientation to a position very close to the political center, has lost much of his old business support, mostly because of his attacks on the Austin lobby and his endorsement of pipelines and escheat legislation. He has stressed the need for continuing experience in state government on the grounds other top offices will be filled by newcomers. He asks the chance to finish his programs, which he argues have been thwarted by “selfish lobbyists for special interests.” He is running primarily on a “law enforcement” ticket, which includes items as diverse as juvenile parole and loan shark bills. Whether Johnson actually persuaded Connally to get into the raceout of concern for the Republican challenge in Texas, or the state’s role in future national elections, or for the Vice President’s own Presidential ambitions has become somewhat irrelevant, for Connally’s past associations with Johnson have been more widely aired than any other