Page 20


ON REAGAN THE MAN AND HIS PRESIDENCY By RONNIE NIGER “An extremely useful and an extremely frightening book.” Washington Post “Sheds much light on the Reagan record . . . No one who reads Mr. Dugger’s illuminating book will be surprised again at the insensitivity of Ronald Reagan.” Anthony Lewis, New York Times “It should be read by all who claim to be serious about what course this nation is going to take.” Houston Post Send us $20 and we will send you an autographed copy of Ronnie Dugger’s acclaimed book on Ronald Reagan. \(Postage included; Texas residents Name Address City State Zip The Texas Observer 600 West 7th Austin, Texas 78701 sion, from 1973 to 1974, the group ousted Galindo’s men in Atlacomulco, forced changes in the government of the municipality, and invaded disputed lands at a place called Huauchiles and settled 400 poor families there. By 1974, the United Citizens were a powerful force in the municipality. The high point for Menes’s dissidents came in 1976, when the PRI announced its candidates for municipal offices in Morelos. The selection of candidates by Mexico’s ruling party is a complex procedure. Party bosses are consulted and the deserving rewarded, but popular input is almost never sought. In Morelos If the assimilation of leaders fails, movements are violently suppressed. leaders had gone over to the PRI and the CTM. The authorities arrested most of the others, including Menes. Some were tortured. BY 1977, both CEFOSM and the Coordinating Committee had disappeared. But the excesses of the authorities had created widespread outrage. As a result, a new organization arose, called the Morelos Human Rights Front, which included a variety of middle class groups not previously involved. .,–I–Ir=1,-1.—1\(,–1,_-1,..-J,–.1.r=1,—1..–,1 .J,=.1,,,,.–Ii=111,-1, —to -.1,-Jr,—1,-=1,-_–Jr1, –1. It it ,t_ it it L it it ..ii –1,=1,_-/,=1,=1,=,1,=1,–..Jr=1,–1,—–1=1,-=1,=1,=1,=Jr-,-Ir=l,-1,-1,–1, -,-Ij complete personal and business insurance ALICE ANDERSON AGENCY 808-A East 46th P.O. Box 4666, Austin 78765 carries al carbon cabrito 2600 E. 7th St. Austin. Texas 447-4701 Life Insurance and Annuities Martin Elfant, CLU S0,1 Fe 4223 Richmond, Suite 213, Houston, TX 77027 in 1976, the selection process and the candidates were extremely unpopular. Groups in 22 of the state’s 33 municipalities registered significant protests. One of the most successful protests was led by Menes’s United Citizens of the Municipality, who occupied the municipal palace. They were violently expelled by the police but returned to occupy the building a second time. Another land occupation mobilized additional support, and, as a result, the PRI was forced to replace several of its candidates with members of the citizens’ group. Throughout this confrontation Menes used his union connections to assure labor solidarity with the municipal dissidents. He hoped that this success marked the beginning of a mass movement capable of challenging the bosses of Morelos. But, in Mexico, such challenges are allowed to go only so far. If assimilation of the leaders fails, the movement is violently suppressed. Both fates befell Menes’s organization. After 1976, the United Citizens of the Municipality disintegrated, as 13 of its 15 leaders accepted positions offered them by the PRI or the state government. Textil Moreles fired all workers involved in union activity. Meanwhile, Governor Armando LeOn Bejardn \(now living in Costa Rica to avoid prosecution on the arrest of members of CEFOSEM, the statewide union organization. Too late, Menes and his allies recognized that they had failed to unify various discontented groups in the state. They hastily created the Coordinating Committee of the people, which joined several unions, colonias, and peasants’ organizations. But, by then, too many b -,-r tiOftWoot ON THE SERVING SANDWICHES FROM 11:30 UNTIL EVERY DAY OF THE OPEN TILL MIDNIGHT IN THE METRO CENTER, CHEESE CAKE , ANTONIO, TEXAS RIVERWALK TO SEAFOOD ,14 …. 11:30 WEEK; SAN v e 4 Or li i t W1161.0 0 \(loud THE TEXAS OBSERVER 13