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Happiness Is Printing By 1? FUTURA PRESS iMc Phone 512/442-7836 1714 SOUTH CONGRESS P.O. BOX 3485 AUSTIN, TEXAS ‘Newspapers Magazines Political Specialists Signs and Placards SBumperstrips Office Supplies *100% Union Shop ROSSELLINI: The expiration date for your nationalization program is approaching. The copper industry affects mainly North American interests. What do you think your relationship with the United States will be in the future? What do you forecast? ALLENDE: Mr. Rossellini, you have touched on one of the most complicated of our problems. In reality we have said and we repeat constantly that while we intend and we shall do as we say to nationalize the fundamental wealth of Chile at present in the hands of foreign capital, we have no intention of acting against the United States. We feel affection and respect for the people of the United , States and for the history of that country. I think that the political leaders of Chile and Latin America well know the thoughts of Washington and Jefferson and, above all, Lincoln. Furthermore we know their writers, their artists but the reality is another: above all we need that economic surplus, that is .pouring out across our frontiers, ourselves. I must tell you for example that in sixty years nine thousand, eight hundred million dollars have gone out of Chile; the entire social capital of Chile has been estimated at ten thousand million thus, practically the whole of Chile, we might say, has flowed over our frontiers to reinforce big enterprises. It means in other words, incredible though it may sound, that countries which go begging a certain amount of millions as a loan, are in reality exporters of capital . . . We are agreeable to signing a contract to sell to the United ‘States one hundred or two hiandred thousand tons of copper, if they need it. But the copper must belong to us. This fact is basic for Chile. What is the root of our problem? It is that logically we must pay compensation because we have no intention of merely confiscating this wealth. But we intend to pay what is in effect due to be paid. We must examine each case separately in order to establish the amount of the initial investments, the effective contributions of capital, the interest re-investments, how increases have been brought about by means of credit loans charged to the companies … I really consider that we must come to an agreement. We have come to other agreements with North” American firms here in Chile. We reached an agreement with the Bethlehem company and we bought the iron mine we were interested in. There was no conflict, no problem .. . We give our guarantee to the companies that there must be an assessor of the sums to be paid out, a court where the representatives of the magistrature predominate, that is, a special court with judicial powers. What greater guarantees can we give than those? .. . ROSSELLINI: From what you tell me I can see that the traditional tendency of Latin American countries has always been to create stronger ties with the United States of America, the foundation stone on which your independence was laid. History tells us that the Colonial era for you ended after the North American revolution and thanks to it . . . The Monroe Doctrine proposed to Congress in the United States on the second of December, 1825, states amongst other items that the entire American continent that is, North, Central and South America thanks to the conditions of freedom and independence that had been created and that would continue to exist from that moment onwards, must nevermore be considered by anyone as the goal of a future colonialization. Am I correct in assuming that you people of Chile, as free men, basing your policy on the above mentioned promise as is your desire are beginning to pave the way to the creation of new and free relationships with the whole world? ALLENDE: In reality this is a theoretical conception of the Monroe Doctrine. In effect, in the struggle of the Latin American peoples for freedom from Spanish colonialism, we obtained a political semi-independence. But in point of fact, the economic struggle began immediately on seeing the opposition between English colonialism and North American colonialism. . . . I don’t want to harp on those solemn declarations so often cited by advocates of freedom when speaking of the North American policy of imposing its might on weaker peoples. But Bolivar said, for example: “The United States wants to plunge us into misery and submission in the name of liberty.” Marti spoke even more harshly . . . Defending the principle “America for the Americans” laid down by the Monroe Doctrine has always meant defending America for the North Americans. ROSSELLINI: Do you want to take part in that idealist movement not yet clearly drawn up, that the Church calls ecumenism, that. China has tried to promote with ping-pong and that, previously, the Conference of Bandung had sought to facilitate by offering the mediation of the countries of the Third World to the two great opposition blocs? ALLENDE: Our basic struggle is for understanding and integration between the Latin American countries. We maintain that the road is just, the road indicated by the fathers of our homeland who dreamed of Latin American unity in order to raise a thin voice in the face of the world. This does not hinder us, Mr. Rossellini, from regarding with cordiality and also with a more profound understanding, the meaning of the trend of thought in the countries of the Third World . . . We are fighting first and foremost to make an authentic continent of America … People here are fighting for peace and not for war. For economic cooperation and not for exploitation. For the social welfare of all the people and not for injustice . . . [We hope] with all our hearts that the man of the twenty-first century will be a man with a different conception of the universe, with a just sense of values, a man who does not think and act basically in terms of money, a man who is fortunate enough to realize that there are wider dimensions to concentrate his intelligence on, that intelligence that is his great creative strength. I have faith in man, but as a real human being with the accent on his humanitarian qualities a man who lives in a world where we are all brothers, not merely individuals seeking to live by exploiting others. November 30, 19 73 15 CLASSIFIED Classified advertising is 20d per word. Discounts for multiple insertions within a 12-month period; 26 times, 50%; 12 times, 25%; 6 times, 10%. BOOKPLATES. Free catalog. Many beautiful designs. Special designing too. Address: BOOKPLATES, P.O. Box 28-1, Yellow Springs, Ohio 45387. TYPING & PRINTING SERVICE. 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