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school trustee in Laredo who is backed by the Old Party there; a graduate of the Harvard Medical School and for two years a teacher at Harvard; and married to a granddaughter of the late County Judge M. J. Raymond, which relates Dr. Cigarroa by marriage to Sen. Abraham Kazen of Laredo. Harry Provence of Waco, editor of Newspapers, Inc., which has the daily newspapers in Port Arthur, Waco, Lufkin, and Austin that have supported former Gov. Allan Shivers, Gov. Connally, and the conservative Democratic cause generally, as well as Lyndon Johnson before and during his presidency; author of one of the first biographies of President Johnson ; president of the Waco chamber of commerce. Victor Brooks of Austin, owner of Tex as Concrete Products Corp., about whose political views nothing seems to be publicly known. Connally’s appointees for two-year terms: Sam Rayburn Bell of Paris, Tex., a former chairman of the Paris Junior College regents and a member of the T.C.H.E.; Dr. D. M. Wiggins of Lubbock, Texas Western College president, 1934-’48, and Texas Tech president during 1948-’52, who apparently had nothing to do with the 1957 firings at Texas Tech that resulted in that school being placed on the A.A.U.P. censured list 14; an appointee of Gov. Allan Shivers to the T.C.H.E.; now a key officer in the Citizens National Bank of Lubbock, Which has total assets of $90 million. 18 Compared with itself in previous years, Texas has made dramatic strides forward in spending on higher education in Governor Connally’s second term. Compared with the nation, Texas is now spending exactly as much per capita as the national average. Compared with the Southern states, which are now as a group spending more per capita than the rest of the country on higher education, Texas is not moving ahead as fast as most of the Southern states. In 1961-’63 Texas appropriated from general state revenue, per college student, $530. In Connally’s first term this increased to $565. In his second term, however-in the appropriation for the 1965-’67 biennium-$692 per student has been appropriated. The only comparable percentage increase per student in recent years occurred in 1957-’59 as the result of a drive for more money for higher education mounted by then Governor Allan Shivers. The increase in ’57-’59 was 15%; in ’65-’67 the increase is 22%. The legislature appropriated, for senior colleges and universities, in 1963-’65, $153 million. The Texas Cmsn. on Higher Education recommended $260 million for the ensuing biennium. Gov . Connally scaled that 8 The Texas Observer Dr. J. J. Seabiook of Austin, retired presidentlof Huston-Tillotson College, a Negro, not active in politics, who when H-T president told students and faculty that “Huston-Tillotson does not sanction students taking part in [civil rights] demonstrations,” that any students doing so would have to have written permission of their parents, that a white teacher at H-T who had been a spokesman for demonstrators should “resign his position” if he intended to continue with that activity, and that Seabrook would have to resign as a member of the local committee on human relations if his students continued to demonstrate.’ 6 Dr. G. V. Brindley, Temple, a surgeon, not publicly political, the son of one of the founders of Scott and White Hospital, a foundation-operated medical center. Charles Prothro, Wichita Falls, also not publicly political, a very wealthy oilman and president of Perkins-Timberlake Co., a chain of better clothing and dry goods stores in Northwest Texas; son-inlaw of Joe Perkins, deceased, who gave millions to S.M.U. and for whom Perkins School of Theology is named; head of the Perkins Foundation, which sponsors theological lectures in Wichita Falls. C. G. Scruggs, rancher in West Central Texas, editor of the Progressive Farmer Magazine, with his offices in Dallas. Emphasizing their educational, rather than their business backgrounds, the Houston Chronicle editorially said of the board that all its members are college graduates, holding 32 degrees among them; three have been college presidents and two others have taught, and they have served on the boards of at least ten colleges and universities. 17 down to $226 million; the legislature finally appropriated $235 million. Agencies of senior higher education in Texas now will get 12% of all state funds, compared to 10% two years ago and 9% in the fifties. The next two years, 49% of all general revenue funds will go to senior higher education, compared to 40% in the last biennium governed by Price Daniel. These dry figures may be more readily grasped in terms of faculty salaries. The legislature provided $103 million for these salaries for 1963-’65; for ’66-’67 T.C.H.E. recommended $156 million, Connally recommended the same $156 million, and the legislature appropriated $159 million. The traditionally stingy legislative budget board proposed only $134 million, so gubernatorial pressure had its unmistakable effect here. Ray Fowler, acting assistant commissioner of education, last week gave the Observer preliminary figures on the overall change in faculty salaries in Texas this fall: last year the average was $8,196 for all ranks for nine months’ teaching, and this year the average will be close to $9,300. Preliminary figures for 15 of the 22 state-supported institutions show professors will average $13,300; associate professors $10,600; assistant professors $8,800; instructors, $6,800; lecturers, $5,900; teaching assistants, $5,300. At the University of Texas, where faculty members are best-paid among the Texas state institutions, full professors will be getting $15,964, associates $11,516. At Texas A&M professors are getting $12,473; at Tech, $12,876; at the U. of Houston, $13,909. A&M has computed its average salary boost this fall at 19%, U.T., 24%, U.H., 15%. Governor Connally declared in the Senate chamber Monday that “We have made more progress in higher education within the past year than in any like period in our history. Much of this progress is in money: a 100% increase in college and university appropriations over the preceding two years, a 40% increase in faculty salaries, a 180% increase in research appropriations, a 140% increase in library funds, a 100% increase in state aid to junior colleges.” Percentages of course may or may not disallow population growth; federal funds can be included or not. Enrollment in Texas colleges is even higher than had been expected this fall. U.T. has 26,000 students; U.H. is nearing 20,000; North Texas has 13,000, Arlington State 12,500. Texas Tech has so many students-more than 15,000-that some of them are bunking in a downtown hotel, dorm space having run out. Overall 166,000 students are expected in the 22 state-supported institutions; the figure last fall was 151,000. By 1968 it’s supposed to be up to 214,000. 18 Thus increased state spending has to be Progress in Faculty Salaries HIGHER EDUCATION -STATE SPENDING, TEXAS, 1963-1967 In Millions Asked by To Be Spent, Cmte. of 25, Spent, % of Goal ’63-’65 ’65-’67* Coordinating board 0.26 0.86 0.58 -32.5% Institutional Boards, other state agencies 1.84 2.50 1.80 -28% Senior Colleges and Universities: General Administration, etc. 47.10 80.20 54.87 -31.58% Teaching Salaries 109.40 193.00 159.2 -17.51% Library 11.80 20.00 17.31 -13.45% Organized Research, Excellence Fund 6.80 14.50 8.31 -42.28% Physical Plant and Services 27.40 32.40 33.1 2.16% Extension, Public Services, etc. 10.20 15.60 7.8 -50% Recommended New Ph.D. Programs 0 5.00 0 -100% Technical Aids to Instruction 0 1.00 0 -100% Scholarships and Grants 0 .60 1.63 171.67% Instructional Costs 16.50 22.00 26.86 22.09% Technical and Vocational Programs .50 3.00 2.38 -20.67% Medical Schools 23.40 29.20 30.11 3.12% TOTALS .$255.00 $420.00 $344.01 -18% *Adapted from Table IV, “Education: Texas’ Resources for Tomorrow,” Report of the Governor’s Committee on Education Beyond the High School, 1964. Added information obtained from the Coordinating Board in September, 1965.