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Excerpted from the Christian Science Monitor: NEW MEXICO A few weeks ago we drove under turquoise skies to the Spanish village of Chim.ayo in search of fresh ristras of chilis to hang by our corner fireplaces. We have been doing this for many years but were totally unprepared for the splendor of the scene awaiting us. Usually, only the southern side of little adobe houses, sheds, and barns blazed with ropes of drying chilis. This year so abundant was the harvest that almost every adobe building had all its walls obliterated with flame-red ristras. They looked like some kind of fantastic shelter covered on the outside with scarlet curtains. We had never seen such enormous chills. They were twice their usual size and enameled with flame. OUR NEXT EXPEDITION in October was in the opposite direction, down the Rio Grande to “Old Jim” Young’s apple ranch in the mouth of a.anyon in the blue Jemez mountains. Trees were laden with red and golden fruit. Spanish Americans, “Anglos,” and Indians were picking. Great trucks roared up and down to take the apples into the warehouses where they would be sorted and packed for shipment. Along the sorting tables sat Indian girls dressed in bright colors. In the midst of delectable apple fragrance, we selected overflowing bushels of big Golden Delicious fresh from the trees. Every year since I have been going to Old Jim’s ranch, I have always watched for a Cochiti Indian working there, whose name delights me. Soon I heard an “Anglo” boss call out, “Tall Timber, roll ‘that truck into the storage room.” Tall Timber, a little less than average Pueblo Indian height, which is short, stalked by and I felt the apple expedition was complete. When I reached home, I placed a wooden bowl of golden apples on the indented shelf of the corner fireplace, under the new ristra of flame-colored chilis. I thought of the apple orchard Old Jim Young planted at the mouth of Cochiti Canyon. Eight hundred years ago Cochiti Indians lived on top of the great blue mesa which forms the west wall of the canyon. The ruins of that ancient village now belongs to Old Jim. Long before the Spanish settled here in the early 16th century, the Indians had moved down along the Rio Grande where they now live. With the coming of the Spanish many battles were fought in the valley where the apples grow. Quantities of Indian arrowheads were found when the soil was plowed for planting the first trees. Later, if snows do not block our way, we will take the long jaunt to Jemez Pueblo for their great Corn Dance. We will journey through a vast, sparsely inhabited valley bounded by rulerstraight blue mesa-taps and by distant snow-dabbled mountains. I AST YEAR I bought in Jemez Ithe second cluster of Indian corn I use to hang on the righthand side of my fireplace. Indian corn outlasts Spanish chilis and “Anglo” apples by many years. These five long ears, two of. blue Subscribers Please show our advertisers in your city you appreciate their appearance in the OBSERVER by communicating with them. THE TEXAS OBSERVER Page ‘7 Dec. 9, 1960 213-0 for Kennedy Unanimity in Czestohowa Harvest and the Atom journey through New Mexico corn, two of white splotched with purple and one of red, all held together by their bend-back husks braided together, represent five of the Indians’ cardinal directions. They are north, south, east and west and up. They have a sixth direction, down. It is characteristic of their philosophy that they do not represent that sixth direction. I remember that the “Anglo” apples are the first to disappear, that Spanish chilis last only until another season, but that Indian corn remains colorful and intact almost indefinitely. I remember that Indians shake their heads at the white man’s hurry and anxieties. Just a few weeks ago, Taos Indians were invited to attend a meeting in Taos town. There was to be a talk on preparedness for nuclear warfare. No one really expected the Indians to come. To the amazement of the “Anglo” and Spanish town people, the governor of the pueblo and the entire tribal council filed into the public meeting. With blankets wrapped and with hair ‘braided they listened intently to talk of possible shelters from the white man’s bombs. At last, one council member remarked casually, “Long, long ago, our ancients pass down a saying to us that someday, something will come out of the sky to destroy the land, the animals, and the plants.” Would the Indians construct shelters against nuclear warfare, the preparedness’ spokesman asked? Yes, they would construct shelters, the Indians answered. But not, I am quite certain, this winter. Winter is, as all good Indians know, “The time for keeping quiet.” DOROTHY L. PILLSBURY MARTIN ELFANT Sun Life of Canada Houston, Texas CA 4-0686 KENEDY Having a considerable amount of curiosity about the national election results in the north end of Karnes County, I headed for Karnes City, my county seat, to get the story. There are a number of Polish communities in the north end of the county, and they are all very clannish. The Polanders, as they are called by the homefolkeven by the Bohemiansspeak broken English with a pronounced accent. They settled in the area in the mid-nineteenth century. The Polanders are noted for their thriftiness. Although most of them are farmers, a number struck it rich when an oil field was discovered in the area. Judy Horton THEY SETTLED mostly around Helena, which at that time was about the roughest area in the state. It was a stopover on the road from San Antonio to old Indianola, the thriving seashore resort later destroyed by a storm. The favorite sport of the citizens of Helena up until then was shooting one another, but with the advent of their new neighbors they declared open season on the Polanders. When the railroad was built through Karnes City, the county seat was moved there and Helena died as a town. I went into the National Bank to see Dick Ruckman, the president. He is sort of a political mutation, a banker who is a ‘rabid Democrat. His nephew had told me that he was at Pawelekville the afternoon of the presidential election. Paelekville citizens vote at the Polish-American box, Czestohowa, which went 213-0 for Kennedy. “I was out there that afternoon,” Ruck -man said. “I always go out there on election day to see what’s going on. We were in Joe Pawelek’s place waiting for the election results. We were tryin’ to figure out who voted and who hadn’t. One of ’em said that a couple out in the country hadn’t voted and I asked him who they were votin’ for. He said he didn’t knowthat they never did say. “I told him to leave them alone then,” he continued, “because if they won’t tell you who they’re votin’ for, the chances are that they’re votin’ the other way. They did go out and pick up some that was votin’ right. I figured we’d lose about six votes, because some of them wouldn’t say who they was votin’ for, but somebody must have talked to them and convinced them because they all came through. “Four of them over at Panna Maria made ‘a mistakethey voted for Nixon. It was 197-4 over there. I think I know who was the cause of it. There’s one of them over there who always votes just the opposite from Alvin Kowalek, the county commissioner from over there, and three of his buddies always go with him. “I didn’t know it was unanimous until Shorty Mzyk, he’s a little short fat feller, came yellin’ into Joe Pawelek’s place, slappin’ hisself with his hat and yellin’, ‘We skunked the sons a bitches, we skunked ’em. They didn’t get a single damn vote!’ Shorty usually milks his cows about dark, but election day he milked them early so he could come in and see how the election went.” I ASKED Ruckman if the vote in I Czestohowa could be interpreted as a Catholic vote. “No,. them Polanders always vote Democratic,” he said. “A few of the young ones voted for Eisenhower, but they learned better. No, they don’t vote Catholic. When Ted Butler ran against Denzel Roberts for county attorney, Denzel was a Catholic and they voted 5-1 for Ted and he’s a Baptist. “I ain’t been back out there since the election,” he said. “I ain’t got over the last time I went out there and they’ll want me to get drunk with them all over again. I didn’t get home until three in the morning. They all wanted to celebrate their votin’. The next morning Joe Pawelek counted 35 empty pint bottles of whiskey on the floor.” The Baptist minister in Kenedy was somewhat disgruntled. He had been on the radio for a little over a week denouncing Kennedy. He didn’t seem to have affected the Baptist vote very much, but there were strong indications that he did get out the Catholic vote. The county went about 2500 to 1500 for Kennedy. On my way to Austin I stopped at a tavern in Kosciusko, up the highway from Pawelekville in Wilson County. The Polish proprietor proudly reported, “We voted 241 to 7 for Kennedy.” . I heard later that they had put up a sign in Czestohowa: “213 to 0 for Kennedy, compliments of Dick Ruckman and Shorty Mzyk.” DAN STRAWN GOP Protest … basis of what constitutes a legal ballot.” The GOP all along has contended that conflicting provisions of the voting code were used in various parts of the state to determine which ballots were to be thrown out. Treading lightly on the fraud question, Hollers said the GOP electors believed the errors to be “honest mistakes . . . not crim inal fraud but constructive fraud.” Daniel hit this point: “I ask you to cite me any law that gives us the right to hold a contest or re-count without specific allegations of fraud.” Leon Jaworsky of Houston, attorney for the Defrnocrats, asked a dismissal of the GOP suit on has no right to act unless the GOP can offer enough specific allegations to show that the number of votes in question could change the outcome of the eleccould come up with an impressive number of votes, the legislature had not explicitly empowered the board to hold a re-count. Match a Subscription To The Texas Observer For a Texas Library Name Address City, State Send $5 to The Texas Observer, 504 IV. 24, Austin, Texas. LEGALS CITATION BY PUBLICATION THE STATE OF TEXAS TO George W. Spear and the unknown heirs of George W. Spear; Rebecca J. Spear and the unknown heirs of Rebecca J. Spear; David Adams and the unknown heirs of David Adams; Michael DeChaumes and wife, Reine Desire DeChaumes, and the unknown heirs of said Michael DeChaumes and wife, Renie Desire DeChaumes; Swante M. Swenson and the unknown heirs of said Swante M. Swenson; Alick Swenson and/or Alexander Swenson, Jennie Swenson. Sallie Swenson, Blanch Swenson, Rose Swenson and George Johns, and the unknown heirs of the said Alick or Alexander Swenson, Jennie Swenson, Sallie -Swenson, Blanch Swenson, Rose Swenson and George Johns; and Alice Langham and the unknown heirs of Alice Langham, and Mary Langham, and the unknown heirs of Mary Langham, and Jacob Johns and wife, Hannah Johns, and the unknown heirs of said Jacob Johns and wife, Hannah Johns; and Collin Frank Harris and the unknown heirs of Collin Frank Harris, Defendants, in the hereinafter styled and numbered cause: by commanded to appear before the 126th District Court of Travis County, Texas, to be held at the courthouse of said county in the City of Austin, Travis County, Texas, at or before 10 o’clock A. M. of the first Monday after the expiration of 42 days from the date of issuance hereof; that is to say, at or before, 10 o’clock A. M. of Monday the 26th day of December, 1960. and answer the petition of plaintiff in Cause’Number 119,957, in which Richard G. Avent is Plaintiff and the above named defendants are defendants, filed in, said Court on the 9th day of November, 1960, and the nature of which said suit is as follows: Being an action and prayer for judgment in favor of Plaintiff and against defendants for title to and possession of the following described tract of land: All that certain lot, tract or parcel of land consisting of one and two-thirds acres fronting on West 12th Street and being the George Johns Tract shown on plat of Marlton Place, Section 2, in the City of Austin, Travis County, Texas, and being described by metes and bounds as follows: Beginning at an iron stake at the Northeast corner of said Johns tract; Thence with the South line of West 12th Street, N. 60 W. 269.44 feet to an iron stake for Northwest corner of said Johns tract; Thence S 30 W. 29.2 feet to an iron stake for Southeast corner of said Johns tract; Thence S 60 E. 269.44 feet to an iron stake for Southeast corner of said Johns tract; Thence N. 30 E. 269.2 feet to the point of beginning; containing 1.67 acres, more or less. Plaintiff alleges that on September 13, 1960, plaintiff was, and still is, the owner in fee simple of the afore described property, and that on September 14, 1960, the defendants unlawfully entered upon and dispossessed plaintiff of such property and now withhold from plaintiff the possession thereof; Plaintiff alleges further that he has held peaceable, continuous and adverse possession of the land and premises described above, cultivating, using and enjoying the same for more than ten years’ prior to September 13, ‘1960; plaintiff alleges that he acquired the aforedescribed property under a warranty deed from Collin Frank Harris to Richard G. Avent, dated Sept. 12, 1950, and recorded in Vol. 1064, p. 290, Deed Records of Travis County, Texas, said deed describing the same land described above; Plaintiff further alleges that he has openly exercised dominion over and asserted claim to the above described property, and that he has annually paid taxes thereon before the same became delinquent for a period of Twenty-five years next preceding September 13, 1960; Plaintiff prays for judgment for the title and possession of the above described property, for costs of suit and for such other and