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“BOW” WILLIAMS Automobile and General Insurance Budget Payment Plan Strong Stock Companies GReenwood 2-0545 624 LAMAR, AUSTIN Let’s Abolish the Poll Tax! Lyndon on Highwire Hunt’s Utopia WASHINGTON Sen. J o h n s o re’s performance on the Civil Rights Highwire began here this week. He announced, before the debates began, that he favors a middle-of-the-road bill which will guarantee the constitutional rights of all citizens, specifically their .right to vote. No bill would satisfy everyone, he said. Thereupon, on Monday, in a maneuver condemned by Sen. Richard Russell \(and by Sen. Wayne helpless looking bill affecting Missouri schools, had it taken up without objection, and then announced that it would be open to civil rights amendments. Thus did the game begin. Johnson’s risks were clear. If he goes too far toward civil rights, the South might disaffect from his candidacy; if he concedes too much to the South, he deepens liberal Democratic hostility toward him. Sens. Johnson and Yarborough were the only two Southern senators voting with the 61-28 Senate majority Tuesday against Sen. Russell’s motion to delay the civil rights debates until next week. Wednesday morning the reaction began to come in from the South. The Shreveport Times, for exama Southerner, or pretends to be one, then he has not merely outfoxed the South; he has doublecrossed it.” He and Sen. Yarborough cast their votes for federal aid to education as an $1.8 billion bill passed under which Texas would be entitled, the first year, to $62 million, more than any other state. Both Texas senators earlier supported the anti-poll tax constitutional amendment, while opposing the move, supported by 37 /liberal senators, for immediate abolition of the poll tax by federal statute. Meanwhile, Johnson had to field the demand that Democrats caucus on the long-term government bond rate. Nineteen liberals, the most so far to ask for a change in Johnson’s reluctance to hold policy meetings, signed a formal request for the caucus. Sen. Albert Gore of Tennessee, in the forefront of the drive, for broader policy-making by all senators, said that “the sentiment for teamwork is growing” in the Senate. Those who signed the request for another caucus credited a previous caucus on the education bill for the smoth passage of the bill. Only 11 of the 65 Democratic senators voted against the bill, which was described by Gore as ‘the first strong federal aid to education bill in eleven years.” Sen. Yarborough signed the new caucus petition, as well as Monroney of Oklahoma, Carroll of Colorado, Randolph of West Virginia, Gruening of Alaska, Long of Hawaii, Williams of New Jersey, Bartlett of Alaska, Hart of Michigan, Moss of Utah, Cannon of Nevada, McNamara of Michigan, Clark of Pennsylvania, Kefauver of Tennessee, Humphrey of Minnesota, Proxmire of Wisconsin, Church of Idaho, Morse of Oregon, and Gore. Wright for Aid Congressman Jim Wright cautiously stepped into the battle for federal aid for education in Fort Worth when he declared that it is “unavoidable that the national government should come face to face with an inescapable responsibility” for education. Wright spoke before the annual meeting of the Texas Classroom Teachers Association. “I should like to say that I believe it not only desirable but al together possible, and demonstrably provable, that our national government can perform its rightful function in the educational picture without any element of the dreaded control,” he said. Wright is the first Texas Congressman on the House side to directly advocate broad federal aid. However Rep. Wright Patman told the Observer’s Washington correspondents that he goes along with the recommendations for federal aid to education in the Joint Economic Report. The committee report advocates “federal aid to education, without federal control, particularly for those states with a large schoolage population and poor financial resources.” Patman is responsible for the inclusion of “without federal control” in the statement. Wright startd Washington by predicting huge scandals in the federal highway program. Instead of the scheduled $23 billion, he said, the cost will be $40 billion; local graft is charged, as well as land profiteering involving officials. A federal grand jury in Fort Worth has been investigating a gravel-hauling swindle on two highway projects in. Hunt County, Dewitt Greer announced in Airstin. The chief highway engineer said the culprits had been fired and restitution made. Yarborough made a series of Texas speeches. By radio he upheld federal aid to education as necessary for national strength in the cold war. In Dickinson he again attacked the Hoiles newspapers of the lower Valley for opposing Padre Island park. In Dallas he upheld free enterprise and competition as a foil to big business. In Tulia he opposed high interest rates and argued for giving breadwinners a chance to earn more purchasing power. ;’In considering national prosperity, ” Yarborough said at Tulia, “it is interesting to note a study by Professor Robert Larnpman of the University of Wisconsin. It showed that one-third of America’s wealth is owned by the one percent of our richest citizens, while one-third of our people own only one percent of our nation’s wealth.” Opponents of the Eisenhower proposal to kill the Connally Reservation which gives the U. S. authority over what controversies NAACP Man Defends Group DALLAS Clarence A. Laws, field secretary for the Southwest Region of the National Assn. for the Advancement of Colored People, issued a statement here on Lincoln’s birthday about the NAACP, the much-discussed organization of militants for Negro rights. The only aims of the group “are to win for Negroes their constitutional guarantees,” Law said. “Like Abraham Lincoln, the NAACP is ‘dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal’ and that ‘no man is good enough to govern another without the other’s consent.’ ” If these principles are wrong, then Lincoln was wrong and the teachings of Christ are wrong. “The NAACP is strongly opposed in some sections of the South,” Laws said. “This is because, today, as in the past, those enjoying advantages always resist change. The lives of Abraham Lincoln and Christ show how violent this resistance to change can be. One day the South will praise the NAACP for bringing the nation through an era of great change unattended by the violence and bloodshed which have attended such changes in other parts of the world.” are domestic and therefore not subject to the jurisdiction of the World Court organized in Houston and began sending Johnson and Yarborough petitions warning of the loss of national sovereignty. Johnson’s Booed Johnson’s presidential prospects continued to receive wide attention. In Fresno, California, the names of Johnson and Nixon were booed during the convention of the 3,600 delegates to the California Democratic Council. Said the New York Times of the response to Gov. Pat Brown’s naming of Johnson, “The booing and applause vied for predominance.” Gov. Brown apologized, saying he disapproves of booing. The California liberals’ favorites appear to be Stevenson and Chester Bowles. The Republican National Committee charged that Johnson is posing as a civil rights advocate but has a 20-year voting record against minority rights. In California, however, William F. Knowland, the former Senate Republican leader, described Johnson as “the most able and the most experienced in government” of the Demorcatic candidates. Knowland is for Nixon. Gov. Luther Hodges of North Carolina said Johnson will get the South on the first ballot and has a good chance to become President. Sen, John Kennedy again goaded Johnson about not entering primaries and said he thinks Johnson would have 200 delegates “if he prepared to win the Wisconsin, West Virginia, Indiana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, Maryland and Oregon primaries,” all of which Kennedy has entered. Washington hostess and exU. S. minister to Luxembourg Perle Mesta told reporters Johnson is “my boy,” she is “campaigning hard” for him and he will get the women’s vote because “He’s got everything . . . and you know what I mean.” Johnson himself now no longer maintains the coyness which char acterized his candidacy through the Albuquerque meeting two weeks ago. “I will not seek the nomination,” he said during that meeting. Then, in Indianapolis, he said he hopes the Texas delegation “will be committed to the support of my candidacy.” “At this moment, I’m a candidate for U. S. senator from Texas,” he said: “as Franklin D. Roosevelt said, ‘one thing at a time’.” “. .. I am informed that other states also plan to cast their votes for me.” In Houston the Johnson movement announced for its honorary co-chairmen the two Houston congressmen and for its co-chairmen Jesse Andrews and J. S. Abercrombie. Vice chairmen are J. Edwin Smith, John H. Crooker, Jr., Sam Low, E. R. Keeton, Jack Valenti, John Singleton, and Mrs. Martha Bevis. Singleton told 200 at a coffee, “Our only purpose is to be for Lyndon Johnson,” to get a Texan in the White House. Asked if Eisenhower was not a Texan, he said, “we aren’t against anybody or any organization.” Alex Dickie, president of the Texas Farmers’ Union, made it clear, during the Albuquerque meeting, that he’s a Humphrey man. When Humphrey told reporters he had not received a dime from Texas, Dickie passed forward a $5 bill saying, “Here’s your first money from Texas.” Donald B. Brown has announced formation of a Galveston County club for Stevenson. He said most of the Johnson clubs are “paper clubs” “composed mostly of old guard Republicans” with a sprinkling of Democrats who say privately they fear Johnson’s “political wrath.” *H. L. Hunt, the Dallas oil millionaire, has written a book, Alpaca, with the help of a ghostwriter. He tried to get it published in the East, failed, and published it himself. Selling for 50 cents, released Feb. 15, the book sets forth Hunt’s ideal cornmunity, in which, for instance, the more taxes one pays, the more votes he has in the elections. When the AP asked Hunt if he wrote the book for profit, Hunt replied, “Yes. Everything I do, I do for profit. The profit motive is deeply imbedded in me.” *Fishing license holders out numbered hunters two to one in Texas. The Game and Fish Commission announced sale of 825,729 fishing licenses and 448,184 hunting licenses in Texas during the 1958-’59 season. *In San Antonio, someone stuck tacks in valuable paintings at McNay Art Institute. *Southern Methodist Univer sity’s fine arts program is “disgraceful and below par,” said a special assistant to SMU’s president Hastings Harrison. Facilities are terrible and quarters makeshift, he said; “Nothing has been AUSTIN If you own some land and you want some quail or fish for free, ask the state, and you shall receive them. Under present policies of the Game and Fish Commission the state raises quail at a price of 50 cents per bird and gives them away. The state also raises fish at a cost of 1.6 cents a fish and gives them to private landholders who want to stock their lakes, rivers, or ponds. The theory is that this Highway Spending $700 Million Now AUSTIN The huge total of $700 million in public funds is now pledged to highway construction in Texas. The State Auditor revealed, in an audit of the State Highway Department, that money . obligated for highway projects as of Aug. 31, 1959, include $298 million from federal funds, $320 million from state funds, $17 million from farmto-market road funds, $49 million from county funds, and $16 million from other sourcesa grand total of $700 million. Authorized spending for highway projects started in 1959 totaled $422 million in Texas $198 million federal money, $186 state money, the rest from other sources. The costs of projects cornwhich $129 million was federal pleted in 1959: $269 million, of and $122 million state, the rest from other sources. The auditor found everything in good order in the Highway Department. the past 35 years.” Harrison said this was an instance of “an imbalance of the material versus the spiritual” in the world. *Plans in Dallas to widen Tur tle Creek Drive into a sixlane thoroughfarea program involving destruction of about 700 treeshave been protested by the local Institute of Architects, the Dallas Women’s Clubs, the Dallas Council of Garden Clubs, and Dallas Fashion Arts, Inc., which draped the threatened trees with crepe. *In San Antonio a Latin American, Juan Valdez, 18, who said he went to the city from Seguin looking for work, confessed slaying an Anglo woman in a bar by driving an icepick into her 41 times because she called him a “damned Mexican” and advanced on him with the pick. *Charging that Juarez brothels, dope-peddling, and pornography sales are “a dirty, stinking mess . . . a sewer where children are preyed upon,” El Paso county judge Woodrow Bean has invoked a 10 p.m. curfew on juveniles in El Paso and has barred Juarez to El Paso juveniles around the clock. The mayor of El Paso, Raymond Telles, and Juarez officials are outraged. relieves the demand for fish in public waters. A State Auditor’s report released in Austin says that during calendar year 1958 a total of 28,476 quail were released on private lands at the price of 50 cents per bird, and 13,417 were released on public lands. In addition, 17,075 coturnix quail were released in 32 counties on an experimental basis with no charge made. The auditor noted for the second time that 18 states have had quail hatcheries but have done away with them and repeated its conclusion that the commission “should watch this operation carefully.” The cost of the program for the state in 1958 was $18,504. Meanwhile, the auditor said, for fiscal 1958 the Commission produced 14,852,999 fish in state hatcheries during the fiscal year. \(Just how the exact count was arrived at, the auditor did not were placed in unposted waters which are accessible to the general public, the rest, presumably, in private waters. The auditor repeated a recommendation that the commission consider charging for distributing fish to private ponds and lakes, especially those which are never open to the general public, “because funds used in the mainte