Page 5


CLIP AND MAIL TO: PRESIDENT DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER THE WHITE HOUSE, WASHINGTON 25, D. C. Dear Mr. President: I respectfully urge you to go before the United Nations and propose: That nuclear test explosions, missiles and outer-space satellites be considered apart from other disarmament problems; That, as there is now agreement in principle on the need for supervision and inspection necessary to verify a cessation of tests, all nuclear test explosions by all countries be stopped immediately and that the U. N. then proceed with the mechanics necessary for monitoring this cessation; That missiles and outer-space satellites be brought under United Nations-monitored control, and that there be a pooling of world science for space exploration under the United Nations. Now, more than ever before, mankind waits for some sign that it can be released from the terror of sudden attack and the grip of armaments. We look to you to give form and direction to that aspiration. Sincerely, Name Address CLIP AND MAIL TO: NATIONAL COMMI’l _LEE FOR A SANE NUCLEAR POLICY P. 0. BOX 1750 NEW YORK 17, N. Y. Note: Make contributions to “Sane Nuclear Policy”. \( I am enclosing $ as my con tribution toward advancing the work of the Committee and in helping to place this message in other towns and cities throughout the United States and the world. \(This statement is available for reprint in. your local group to forward these ideas exists in my community. the Committee and its program. Name Address City “We Are Facing P Danger Unlike Any Danger That Has Ever Existed…” First of a Series of Statements For Americans in A Nuclear Age Adeep uneasiness exists inside Americans as we look out on the world. It is not that we have suddenly become unsure of ourselves in a world in which the Soviet Union has dramatically laid claim to scientific supremacy. Nor that the same propulsion device that can send a man-made satellite into outer space can send a missile carrying a hydrogen bomb across the ocean in eighteen minutes. Nor is the uneasiness only the result of headlines that tell of trouble between Turkey and Syria and a war that could not be limited to the Middle East. The uneasiness that exists inside Americans has to do with the fact that we are not living up to our moral capacity in the world. We have been living half a life. We have been developing our appetites, but we have been starving our purposes. We have been concerned with bigger incomes, bigger television screens, and bigger carsbut not with the big ideas on which our lives and freedoms depend. e are facing a danger unlike any danger that has ever existed. In our possession and in the possession of the Russians are more than enough nuclear explosives to put an end to the life of man on earth. Our uneasiness is the result of the fact that our approach to the danger is unequal to the danger. Our response to the challenge of today’s world seems out of joint. The slogans and arguments that belong to the world of competitive national sovereigntiesa world of plot and counter-plotno longer fit the world of today or tomorrow. Just in front of us opens a grand human adventure into outer space. But within us and all around us is the need to make this world whole before we set out for other ones. We can earn the right to explore other planets only as we make this one safe and fit for human habitation.’ The sovereignty of the human community comes before all othersbefore the sovereignty of groups, tribes, or nations. In that community, man has natural rights. He has the right to live and to grow, to breathe unpoisoned air, to work on uncontaminated soil. He has the right to his sacred nature. If what nations are doing has the effect of destroying these natural rights, whether by upsetting the delicate balances on which life depends, or fouling the air, or devitalizing the land, or tampering with the genetic integrity of man himself ; then it becomes necessary for people to restrain and tame the nations. Indeed, the test of a nation’s right to survive today is measured not by the size of its bombs or the range of its missiles, but by the size and range of its concern for the human community as a whole. There can be no true security for America unless we. can exert leadership in these terms, un WHAT YOU CAN DO 1.What you say and what you r do make public opinion. Let the people who serve you in public office know of your apprehensions and your hopes. Above all, make your ideas known to the President of the United States. 2.You can join the signers of this statement. 3.You can help make it possible for this statement and other statements like it to appear in newspapers throughotit the country and the world. 4.You can talk to your friends and neighbors about the points in this message. You can discuss these matters in your church or synagogue, your club, your school, your union. 5.You can fill out the two coupons below: Send one to the President and the other to the National Committee For a Sane Nuclear Policy. less we become advocates of a grand design that is directed to the large cause of human destiny. There can be no true security for America unless we can establish and keep vital connections with the world’s people, unless there is some moral grandeur to our purposes, unless what we do is directed to the cause of human life’and the free man. There is much that America has said to the world. But the -world is still waiting for us to say and do the things that will in deed and truth represent our greatest strength. What are these things? FIRST, AS IT CONCERNS. THE PEACE, AMERICA CAN SAY : That we pledge ourselves to the cause of peace with justice on earth, and that there is no sacrifice that we are not prepared to make, nothing we will not do to create such a just peace for all peoples ; That we are prepared to support the concept of a United Nations with adequate authority under law to prevent aggression, adequate authority under law to compel and enforce disarmament, adequate authority to settle disputes among nations according to principles of justice. NEXT, AS IT CONCERNS NUCLEAR WEAPONS, AMERICA CAN SAY : That the earth is too small for intercontinental ballistic missiles and nuclear bombs, and that the first order of business for the world is to bring both under control ; That the development of satellites or rocket stations and the exploration of outer space must be carried on in the interests of the entire human community through a pooling of world science. AS IT CONCERNS NUCLEAR TESTING, AMERICA CAN SAY : That because of the grae unanswered questions with respect to nuclear test explosions especially as it concerns the contamination of air and water and food, and the injury to man himselfwe are calling upon all nations to suspend such explosions at once ; That while the abolition of testing will not by itself solve the problem of peace or the problem of armaments, it enables the world to eliminate immediately at least one real and specific danger. Also, that the abolition of te s ting gives us a place to begin on the larger question of armaments control, for the problems in monitoring such tests are relatively uncomplicated. AS IT CONCERNS OUR CONNECTIONS TO THE REST OF MANKIND, AMERICA CAN SAY : That none of the differences separating the governments of the world are as important as the membership of all peoples in the human family ; That the big challenge of the age is to develop the concept of a higher loyaltyloyalty by man to the human community ; That the greatest era of human history on earth is within reach of all mankind, that there is no area that cannot be made fertile or habitable, no disease that cannot be fought, no scarcity that cannot be conquered ; That all that is required for this is to re-direct our energies, re-discover our moral strength, re define our purposes. SIGNED MICHAEL AMRINE *DR. STANLEY Science Writer LIVINGSTON CLEVELAND AMORY Department of Physics, Author, “The Proper Massachusetts Institute Bostonians” of Technology ROGER N. BALDWIN DR. KIRTLEY F. MATHER DR. JOIN C. BENNETT Professor of Geology, Dean of the Faculty, Union Emeritus, Harvard Univ. Theological Seminary *LENORE G. MARSHALL DR. HARRISON BROWN Author of “Other Professor of Geochemis Knowledge” try, California Institute *LAWRENCE S. MAYERS, of Technology JR. HARRY A. BULLIS President, L & C Mayers Chairman of the Board, Co., Inc. General Mills Corp. THE REV. ROBERT J. *NORMAN COUSINS McCRACKEN Editor, The Saturday Minister, Riverside Review Church, New York *THE REV. HENRY HITT LEWIS MUMFORD CRANE Author, “The Condition of Detroit Man” DR. PAUL DOTY ROBERT R. NATHAN Chairman, Federation of National Chairman, American Scientists Americans for THE REV. GEORGE B. Democratic Action FORD DR. WILLIAM F. Pastor, Corpus Christi NEUMAN Church Associate Professor of THE REV. HARRY Biochemistry, University EMERSON FOSDICK of Rochester Pastor Emeritus, Riverside ELLIOT NICHOLS Church, New York Civic Leader CLARK EICHELBERGER JAMES G. -PATTON Director, American Assn. President, National for the United Nations Farmers Union HAROLD FEY Editor, The Christian Century DR. ERICH FROMM Psychoanalyst, Author *ROBERT GILMORE Executive Secretary, American Friends Service Committee, New York THE RIGHT REV. WALTER H. GRAY Bishop, Episcopal Diocese of Connecticut CLINTON GOLDEN Labor Official OSCAR HAMMERSTEIN U Playwright *THE REV. DONALD HARRINGTON Minister, Community Church, New York LELAND HAZARD Vice-President, General Counsel, Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co. JOHN HERSEY Author, “Hiroshimo” and “The Wall” BRIGADIER GENERAL HUGH B. HESTER *DR. HOMER JACK Minister, Evanston, Ill. JAMES JONES Author, “From Here to Eternity” RABBI EDWARD E. KLEIN Stephen Wise Free Synagogue, New York \(The signers of this statement are acting in. their individual capacity. Names preceded by an asterisk indiNATIONAL COMMITTEE FOR A SANE NUCLEAR POLICY 202 East 44th Street New York 16, N. Y. *CLARENCE PICKETT Executive Secretary Emeritus, American Friends Service Comm. *JOSEPHINE W. POMERANCE *DR. CHARLES C. PRICE Chairman, Department of Chemistry, University of Pennsylvania ELEANOR ROOSEVELT ‘ELMO ROPER Marketing Consultant and Public Opinion Analyst PHILIP SCHIFF Washington Representa tive, National Jewish Welfare Board JAMES T. SHOTWELL President Emeritus, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace DR. PITIRIM A. SOROKIN Professor of Sociology, Emeritus, Harvard Univ. *NORMAN THOMAS DR. PAUL J. TILLICH University Professor, Harvard University DEAN HOWARD THURMAN Marsh Chapel, Boston . University *DR. HUGH WOLFE Chairman Department of Physics, Cooper Union, JERRY VOORHIS Cooperative League of Executive Director, America Reprinted from THE NEW YORK TIMES, November 15, 1957-Adv.