Will the Railroad Commission Ever Be Accurately Named?
Though the Railroad Commission of Texas hasn’t overseen trains for more than three decades, some members of the Legislature and the oil and gas lobby continue to fight to keep the agency’s misleading name. And in the 2017 session they’re likely to win.
On Thursday morning, the Sunset Commission — a 12-member board of legislators and public members that reviews state agencies’ operations — nixed a recommendation to change the Railroad Commission’s name to one that actually describes its role regulating oil and gas. In an April report, Sunset staff suggested that lawmakers rename the agency to the Texas Energy Resources Commission. But at a hearing today, the Sunset Commission members dropped the recommendation without publicly offering a reason.
The Railroad Commission’s review is its third since 2010. Previous attempts to pass reforms recommended by the Sunset Commission failed in the Legislature in part due to lawmakers squabbling over the name change. In 2013 and 2015, conservative legislators blocked bills that would’ve changed the agency’s name to the Texas Energy Commission or the Texas Oil and Gas Commission, arguing that it would be too costly and that the name has a historical significance.
Those issues have resurfaced this year. In August, Republican state Representative Dan Flynn told other Sunset Commission members at a hearing that “it doesn’t take long to figure out what [the Railroad Commission] is if you’re in the business.”
He added:“I just think it seems like we’re getting drawn into this political correctness business.”
But environmental and consumer advocates say lawmakers’ refusal to change the agency’s name is symbolic of its deep ties to the oil and gas industry. Rebranding to, say, the Texas Oil and Gas Commission would increase transparency and better reflect its responsibilities, they say. Sunset Commission staff have also recommended changing the agency’s name to the Texas Energy Resources Commission.
“It’s been a red herring in that it distracts Texans from what the agency is actually doing,” said Andrew Dobbs, Central Texas program director for Texas Campaign for the Environment. “But at the end of the day if we have a better agency under a not-so-great name, we’ll have to deal with it.”
A report published Thursday by Texans for Public Justice, Sierra Club and Public Citizen found that 60 percent of the $11 million in campaign contributions to the three elected commissioners who oversee the Railroad Commission came from the oil and gas industry. That’s the kind of money that can not only buy influence but prevent what seems like the kind of agency rebranding that should’ve happened decades ago. Changing the name might also help voters better understand its functions and choose candidates uninfluenced by the oil and gas industry, environmental groups say.
At the hearing Thursday morning, the Sunset Commission also removed recommendations to require the State Office of Administrative Hearings to take on gas utility cases and increase bond requirements so that the Railroad Commission has sufficient money to plug wells should an operator abandon it. Dobbs said the commission was likely dropping more controversial recommendations so that a bill reauthorizing the Railroad Commission for 12 years had a better chance of passing.
The commission’s recommendations will be submitted to the Legislature, which is scheduled to convene on January 10.