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a Joint Graves Reader BROTHERS IN ARMS “Guatemala,” from page 11 police organizations, counter that barring children from school, depriving them of the opportunity to improve their lot, guarantees a certain percentage of them will turn, inevitably, to crime. And had Luis been subject to the restrictions of the immigration bill passed in September, he would probably be back in Guatemalaor living illegally in this country. Moreover, the backlash against immigrants, legal and illegal alike, includes many myths, notably that immigrants drain the economy. In reality, immigration has little effect on jobs for native-born workers, according to a study by the Urban Institute, a Washington-based think tank. The study found that taxes paid by immigrants generate a net annual gain of $25 billion to $30 billion. Like many immigrants, Luis didn’t come to America for a free lunch; he fled his homeland because, finally, hurtfully, he was left with no other choice. Few dispute that the United States must control its borders, but it must be understood that only by addressing the root causes of immigrationprimarily human rights abuses and economic desperation–can real solutions be achieved. As long as the immigration debate is dominated by those who willfully ignore this fundamental reality, as long as candidates demonize immigrants to score cheap political points, the issue cannot be addressed in a meaningful, constructive way. /n Austin, Luis uses the Internet to keep abreast of news from home. He has followed the continuing stories of kidnappings of human-rights activists and further revelations of covert CIA sup port of the murderous Guatemalan military. He watched from afar as Alvaro Aral Irigoyen won the presidential election in January and the government signed peace accords with the URNG guerrilla group in September. There are signs of improvement, he says, in a recent interview in a quiet lobby outside the U.T. Computational Center where he works weekday afternoons. Between the unstable Guatemalan political climate and his schooling in Texas, he figures he is still years away from the triumphant return, medical degree in hand, he dreams about. Almost five years after the June day Luis was kidnapped at that quiet intersection not far from the Plaza Mayor, the streets of Guatemala City were plastered with political advertising. A presidential election runoff was imminent, and both candidates, the rightwinger and the far right-winger, promised to strengthen constitutional rule and an end to military sovereigntytunes the weary electorate has heard before. Under a scorching mid-afternoon sun on the Plaza Mayor, I parted ways with Victor Corzo, Luis’ old comrade in CEEM. He had talked nonstop, before, during, and after a lengthy lunch in a small cafe just off the Plaza, and he must have sensed I was having trouble absorbing everything he’d just imparted. I had found a park bench under an invaluable shade tree, and sat down to scribble some impressions of the meeting. Just then, Victor returned. “Be sure to tell him what I said,” he implored. “Tell him we’re waiting for him.” 0 Bill Adler is a freelance writer in Austin. His guide and interpreter was Christina Elena Lowery, who divides her time between New York and Guatemala City. 20 THE TEXAS OBSERVER A John Graves Reader BY JOHN GRAVES “John Graves’ writing is invaluable. . . . His work is informed by a kind of grace, much experience, and some hard experience, reflected upon by a questioning, tolerant intelligence. The reader who misses him will have missed much. . . .” Larry McMurtry $15.95 paperback, $34.95 hardcover A CLASSIC’REPRINTED BY UT PRESS Brothers in Arms A Journey from War to Peace BY WILLIAM BROYLES, JR. After serving as editor in chief of Newsweek from 1982 to 1984, Broyles became one of the first veterans of the war to return to Vietnam to confront the men and women he fought against and his own memories. This moving book tells that story $18.95 paperback NEW IN PAPERBACK LBJ and Vietnam A Different Kind of War BY GEORGE C. HERRING “A scathing indictment of a president who was sure in the wrong place at the wrong time, and an implicit warning to future residents of the White House that the strategy of limited war is a doubleedged sword that might cut the hands of those who use it.” Journal ofMilitary History An Administrative History of the Johnson Presidency Series Emmette S. Redford and James E. Anderson, Editors $14.95 paperback Dallas The Making of a Modem City BY PATRICIA EVRIDGE HILL This innovative history challenges the popular view that business interests have always run Dallas. Hill looks at the activities of organized labor, women’s groups, racial minorities, Populist and socialist radicals, and progressive reformers to offer a historically accurate picture of the city’s development. $14.95 paperback, $30.00 hardcover The Great Texas Banking Crash An Insider’s Account BY JOSEPH M. GRANT In this fascinating insider’s account, Grant tells the story of the collapse of Texas’ major banks, including the three-year struggle to save his own organization, Texas American Bancshares. $29.95 hardcover University of Texas Press BOX 7819 AUSTIN, TX 78713 \\\\ II \\;\\\\ I1Rk \\ I I NOVEMBER 8, 1996