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T HE TEXAS server JANUARY 14, 1994 VOLUME 86, No. 1 FEATURES Kay Bailey v. Ray Hutchison: Her biggest defender may be just another liability By Miriam Rozen 8 The Year in Pictures By Steve Brodner 17 DEPARTMENTS Editorials On Bobby Ray Inman 2 Election-Year Lineup 3 Jim Hightower 7 Molly Ivins 16 Books and The Culture Sign Languages Book review by Ewing Campbell 19 Las Americas The Roots of Rebellion By Sallie Hughes 20 Fiction Permission Granted By Edmundo Valades 22 Political Intelligence 24 Cover art by Michael Alexander I F KAY BAILEY HUTCHISON makes it past Travis County District Attorney Ronnie Earle in state district court, at least she won’t have to face a major Republican primary challenger on March 8; GOP leaders backed down on enlisting a backup candidate in case the junior senator is convicted of ethics violations. Visiting Judge John Onion Jr. rejected as “too vague” four of the five indictments against Hutchison but told prosecutors he would consider allowing the indictments to be used if by January 7 the state adds more specific charges to defend against. Hutchison is accused of using state employees and equipment for political and personal gain while she served as Texas treasurer, then attempting to cover it up by destroying public records. Although some Republicans, including former Governor Bill Clements, urged the party to find an alternative candidate, Hutchison is expected to have little trouble with six little-known GOP challengers. Meanwhile, in the Democratic race, Jim Mattox, the liberal “pit bull of Texas politics,” certainly has a head start in the primary race, with 83 percent name identification, according to one poll. That will be especially helpful in the short primary campaign, although two other opponents figure to be well-financed: Dallas fmancier Richard Fisher with his personal wealth and U.S. Representative Michael Andrews of Houston with his seat on the House Ways and Means Committee, where lots of lobbyists have their checkbooks out in anticipation of health care reform later this year. Another candidate, Evelyn Lantz, is a follower of Lyndon LaRouche. As for the tone of the campaign, Mattox, a 50-year-old former congressman and Texas attorney general, pledged that he will not engage in negative campaigning, but that should not depress fans of political mudslinging; Mattox made a similar promise before he ran for governor in 1990. Mattox already has accused Democratic primary opponent Fisher of supporting former Republican presidents Ronald Reagan and George Bush. Fisher, who worked in President Jimmy Carter’s Administration, helped create the moderate-to-conservative Democratic Leadership Couhcil and was an adviser to Ross Pdot during his presidential campaign in 1992, said he has given money to Republicans as well as Democratic candidates \(his father was the late right-wing Congressman Jim Republican for president. Mattox noted that among the Republicans who got money from Fisher was conservative U.S. Senator Richard Lugar of Indiana, whom Fisher said was a friend with whom he sometimes disagreed. The other Democrat in the race, Andrews, is a business-oriented Houston congressman who is seeking a promotion after six terms. First Andrews accused Mattox of being mean to Ann Richards in 1990 when they were running for governor. Andrews called upon Mattox to apologize, although, as an Austin AmericanStatesman editorial noted, “being Jim Mattox means never having to say you’re sorry.” Or, as Mattox said when he announced his candidacy: “People don’t like a tough guy unless he’s your tough guy.” And some in the Richards campaign did not appreciate Andrews bringing up the old suggestions of drug use. The Democratic primary figures to be a test of the progressive Democratic coalition of labor, Mexican-American Democrats and black Democrats, most of whom are expected to support Mattox, against the New Democrats, who resemble the old Tory Democrats with an upwardly mobile professional veneer. The Senate race will be a major battleground in November, as keeping Hutchison’s seat is a key to Republican hopes to close the Democrats’ 56-44 advantage in that chamber. Of the 34 seats at stake in 1994, 21 are held by Democrats and 13 by Republicans. According to John King of the Associated Press, GOP senators are worried that Senator Bob Packwood of Oregon may be forced to resign next year. If Hutchison beats the ethics rap, she will be on the same ground as Mattox, who was found innocent of commercial bribery charges brought by Earle in 1985, when Mattox was attorney general. Governor: As she attempts to become the first governor elected to successive terms since Texas went to four-year terms, Ann Richards expects little trouble getting past fellow Democrat Gary Espinosa of Palestine, a retired single parent concerned about violence in the schools, in the March 8 primary. The general election with Republican George W. “Shrub” Bush may be a different matter. Richards was leading Bush in early polls but she certainly is not taking the election for granted. After all, voters already have rejected the constitutional amendment Richards supported that would have authorized county education districts to equalize school financing. They also replaced her appointee to the U.S. Senate. When she officially kicked off her campaign in front of her childhood home in Lacy Lakeview, near Waco, Richards struck progressive tones on some issues and conservative tones on others. Bush and Republican surrogates have been cranking up the artillery for months as they home in on crime, the growth of government, education and the loss of jobs. Richards and the Democrats have been out trying to pre-empt such criticism. As Ken Herman wrote in the Houston Post, sorting out the claims and counter-claims can leave a voter confused: Richards is correct when she says more Texans have jobs than when she started. Bush is correct when he says more Texans are unemployed. As the Texas Employment Commission explains, there are simply more Texans. On crime, Richards correctly claims that the overall crime rate is down under her administration. Bush notes Department of Public Safety statistics that the rate of violent crime is up. Richards claims she has pushed local control of public schools to parents, teachers and principals; Bush pointed out the Texas Education Agency rulebook has more pages. Yes, a TEA spokeswoman said, but the actual number of rules is down. And while Richards and lawmakers held the line against a tax increase in 1993 after approving a $2.7 billion tax increase in 1991, the state budget And They’re Off … THE TEXAS OBSERVER* 3