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5,-N-:&-;Nlijrt1 , For . MP . . NI’ an _ 4,4312z, ‘, ‘ ” v \\ -…1,111 . –.2 : ?..I 11 t il l ll I i . Ir ., THE TEXAS . 111\\IP server A JOURNAL OF FREE VOICES We will serve no group or party but will hew hard to the truth as we find it and the right as we see it. We are dedicated to the whole truth, to human values above all interests, to the rights of humankind as the foundation of democracy; we will take orders from none but our own conscience, and never will we overlook or misrepresent the truth to serve the interests of the power* or cater to the ignoble in the human spirit. Writers are responsible for their own work, but not for anything they have not themselves written, and in publishing them we do not necessarily imply that we agree with them because this is a journal of free voices. SINCE 1954 Publisher: Ronnie Dugger Editor: Louis Dubose Associate Editor: Allan Freedman Copy Editor: Roxanne Bogucka Editorial Assistant: Brett Campbell Editorial Interns: Eva Llorefis, Stephen Merelman Washington Correspondent: Mary Anne Reilly Contributing Writers: Bill Adler, Betty Brink, Warren Burnett, Jo Clifton, John Henry Faulk, Terry FitzPatrick, Gregg Franzwa, Bill Helmer, James Harrington, Amy Johnson, Michael King, Mary Lenz, Dana Loy, Tom McClellan, Bryce Milligan, Greg Moses, Debbie Nathan, Gary Pomerantz, John Schwartz, Michael Ventura, Lawrence Walsh Editorial Advisory Board: Frances Barton, Austin; Elroy Bode, Kerrville; Chandler Davidson, Houston; Dave Denison, Cambridge, Mass; Bob Eckhardt, Washington, D.C.; Sissy Farenthold, Houston; Ruperto Garcia, Austin; John Kenneth Galbraith, Cambridge, Mass.; Lawrence Goodwyn, Durham, N.C.; George Hendrick, Urbana, DI.; Molly Iv ins, Austin; Larry L. King, Washington, D.C.; Maury Maverick, Jr., San Antonio; Willie Morris, Oxford, Miss.; Kaye Northcott, Austin; James Presley, Texarkana; Susan Reid, Austin; Geoffrey Rips, Schmidt, Fredericksburg; Robert Sherrill, Tallahassee, Fla. Layout and Design: Lana Kaupp Contributing Photographers: Bill Albrecht, Vic Hinterlang, Alan Pogue. Contributing Artists: Eric Avery, Tom Ballenger, Richard Bartholomew, Jeff Danziger, Beth Epstein, Dan Hubig, Pat Johnson, Kevin Kreneck, Michael Krone, Carlos Lowry, Ben Sargent, Dan Thibodeau, Gail Woods. Managing Publisher: Cliff Olofson Subscription Manager: Stefan Wanstrom Special Projects Director: Bill Simmons Development Consultant: Frances Barton SUBSCRIPTIONS: One year 527, two years $48, three years S69. Fulltime students 515 per year. Back issues 53 prepaid. Airmail, foreign, group, and bulk rates on request. Microfilm editions available from University Microfilms Intl., 300 N. Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Any current subscriber who finds the price a burden should say so at renewal time: no one need forgo reading the Observer simply because of the cost. 1990, is published biweekly except for a three-week interval Texas Observer Publishing Co., 307 West 7th Street, Austin, paid at Austin, Texas. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to THE TEXAS OBSERVER, P.O. Box 49019, Austin, Texas 78765 McCarthyist Act In the glow of your May 5 tribute to John Henry Faulk, I alert you to a portion of African National Congress leader Nelson Mandela’s speech at Cape Town on his release from prison February 11: “I salute the South African Communist Party for its steady contribution to the struggle for democracy. You have survived 40 years of unrelenting persecution … “The factors which necessitated the armed struggle still exist today. We have no option but to continue. We express the hope that a climate conducive to a negotiated settlement would be created soon so that there may no longer be the need for the armed struggle.” Ten years ago I was offered and accepted the position of editor of the Texas Observer. A year later I was forced to resign rather than follow the publisher’s demand to fire my associate, Dick J. Reavis, because of his past affiliation with the Party, primarily in the civil rights and anti-war period. The publisher, Ronnie Dugger, further told me that my refusal \(in violence in certain situations was a departure from the Observer’s policy line, and would thus bar me from continuation as editor. That McCarthyist act is long concluded, but because I still care for the welfare of the Observer, and the memory of John Henry, I thought it important to pass along Mandela’s remarks. Now that he’s out of jail, he may be looking for a job. By the above statements he disqualifies himself from a position with the “journal of free voices” on two counts. Rod Davis Austin Publisher’s reply: For perspective on Rod Davis’s ideological positions as of 1986 concerning the Soviet Union and civil liberties, I refer readers to his letter published in the Observer on February 7, 1986, at page 10, and to my comments on his letter in the Observer of March 21, 1986, on pages 15 and 16. It is untrue that 1 fired Davis in 1980 because the associate editor he hired had “past affiliation with the Party.” If that person did have such past affiliation I did not know it. Davis’s hiring the person in question without consultation with me was a precipitating factor in my conclusion that Davis should resign as editor. As 1 said in a footnote to my response of March 1986, Davis “well knew when I hired him that our agreement was that as the publisher I hire and can fire the editor, and the editor can print whatever he or she wants as long as he or she is the editor. He knew, from our discussions before I hired him, that 1 regard the Observer as committed to reform and change in the United States through and within the peaceful and nonviolent democratic process. He knows that when he and I came to a parting of the ways, it was because he had, I am sure in all sincerity, ceased to believe some of the basic things he had told me he believed before I hired him.” Since Davis has continued, for 10 years since the events in question as in the letter published above, to misrepresent these facts and to contend that because I fired him the Observer is not free, I opt now to add the fact that the question I asked him before I hired him was: Did he believe in the use of violence in the United States to cause social change in the present? He told me that he did not. In our conversation after he had informed me he was hiring the aforementioned person, I asked him the same question again, and he agreed with my interpretation of his answer that he was no longer willing to make that assertion concerning his beliefs. Thereupon I told him I would accept his resignation. Ronnie Dugger The Observer welcomes our readers’ comments. Please write: Dialogue The Texas Observer 307 W. 7th Austin, TX 78701 CORRECTION Photographer Vic Hinterlang informs us that the photograph which ran on page 15 of the May 5 Observer was incorrectly identified by the editors. It was taken by Mr. Hinterlang at Las Vueltas, a guerilla-controled zone some 60 miles from San Salvador in the Department of Chalatenango. DIALOGUE 2 MAY 18, 1990