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;, 4 1 I ‘ III 1111 11111111i ,1111 17- 1.1 1r ‘,’ 1’1111011i ‘I/ I ….ETx0BSERvER The Texas Observer Publishing Co., 1985 Ronnie Dugger, Publisher Vol. 77, No. 12 June 14, 1985 Incorporating the State Observer and the East Texas Democrat, which in turn incorporated the Austin Forum-Advocate. EDITOR Geoffrey Rips ASSOCIATE EDITOR Dave Denison EDITOR AT LARGE Ronnie Dugger CALENDAR EDITOR Chula Sims EDITORIAL INTERNS: Hanno T. Beck, Kathleen Fitzgerald, Terri Langford, Wendy Parker, Roger Williams WASHINGTON CORRESPONDENT: Al Watkins LAYOUT AND DESIGN: Alicia Daniel EDITORIAL ADVISORY BOARD: Frances Barton, Austin,; Elroy Bode, Kerrville; Chandler Davidson, Houston; Bob Eckhardt, Washington, D.C.; Sissy Farenthold, Houston; Ruperto Garcia, Austin; John Kenneth Galbraith, Cambridge, Mass.; Lawrence Goodwyn, Durham, N.C.; George Hendrick, Urbana, Ill.; Molly Ivins, Dallas; Larry L. King, Washington, D.C.; Maury Maverick, Jr.. San Antonio; Willie Morris, Oxford, Miss.; Kaye Northcott, Austin; James Fred Schmidt, Tehachapi, Cal., Robert Sherrill, Tallahassee, Fla. CONTRIBUTING WRITERS: Warren Burnett. Nina Butts, Jo Clifton, Craig Clifford, John Henry Faulk, Ed Garcia, Bill Helmer, Jack Hopper, Amy Johnson, Laurence Jolidon, Mary Lenz, Matt Lyon, Rick Piltz, Susan Raleigh, John Schwartz, Michael Ventura, Lawrence Walsh. CONTRIBUTING PHOTOGRAPHERS: Alan Pogue, Russell Lee, Scott Van Osdol, Alicia Daniel. CONTRIBUTING ARTISTS: Mark Antonuccio, Eric Avery, Tom Ballenger. Jeff Danziger, Beth Epstein, Dan Hubig, Pat Johnson, Kevin Kreneck, Carlos Lowry. Miles Mathis, Joe McDermott, Ben Sargent, Dan Thibodeau. A journal of free voices We will serve no group or party but will hew hard to the truth as we find it and the right as we see it. We are dedicated to the whole truth, to human values above all interests, to the rights of humankind as the foundation of democracy; we will take orders from none but our own conscience, and never will we overlook or misrepresent the truth to serve the interests of the powerfid or cater to the ignoble in the human spirit. Writers are responsible for their own work, but not for anything they have not themselves written, and in publishing them we do not necessarily imply that we agree with them because this is a journal of free voices. Managing Publisher Advertising & Development Director Subscription Manager Circulation Assistant Consultant Cliff Olofson Dana Loy Alicia Daniel Stefan Wanstrom Frances Barton Editorial and Business Office 600 West 7th Street, Austin, Texas 78701 The Texas Observer at Austin, Texas. Subscription rates, including 5 1/8% sales tax: one year $23, two years $42, three years $59. One year rate for full-time students, $15. Back issues $2 prepaid. Airmail, foreign, group; and bulk rates on request. Microfilm editions available from University Microfilms Intl., 300 N. Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, .Michigan 48106. Copyright 1985 by Texas Observer Publishing Company. All rights reserved. Material may not be reproduced without permission. POSTMASTER: Send form 3579 to: 600 West 7th Street, Austin, Texas 78701. 2 JUNE 14, 1985 EDITORIAL How It Ended . . . remember those less fortunate, but also remember those people who are more fortunate than us. Invocation by Rep. Mark “Bubba” Stiles Texas House of Representatives, May 29, 1985 You look what’s happened to this state in the last year: worker’s compensation for farmworkers, unemployment compensation for farmworkers, HB 72 with equalization, and now indigent health care. This is a revolution in this state, folks. Lieutenant Governor Bill Hobby May 29, 1985 Austin 1. Bill Hobby’s Revolution IT WASN’T supposed to have turned out this way. State money was tight and getting tighter. The Reagan landslide of 1984 had swept a record number of Republicans into the legislature and, perhaps more important, had convinced a number of officeholders that there was a public mandate for key elements of a right-wing agenda, including cuts in social services, enactment of hard-core law-and-order legislation, and the paring away of civil liberties. But during the first two-thirds of the legislative session a period dominated by efforts to draw a budget consistent with state Comptroller Bob Bullock’s revenue predictions the results of the 1984 election were most consistently translated not into right-wing legislative purpose but into fear of identification on major issues and loathing for any vote or position that could be exploited by an opponent in the next election. This was certainly true of Governor Mark White, whose determination not to be identified with any kind of tax effort became an obsession that nearly doomed indigent health care funding and resulted in huge increases in fees and state college tuition. It was true of House Speaker Gib Lewis, who wanted debate on most issues confined to House committee meetings, and presided over a House in which no votes were recorded for a great deal of key legislation \(relying instead on voice votes or divisions of the House votes Bill Hobby, who created a Senate Criminal Justice Committee to provide a forum for criminal justice bills that would have automatically died in Sen. Oscar Mauzy’s Jurisprudence Committee in previous sessions. He also gave anti-abortion legislation a more sympathetic hearing than in previous sessions by referring it to Sen. John Traeger’s Intergovernmental Relations Committee rather than to the Health and Human Resources Committee. But what began as a dour session devoted to cuts in social services ended with a few key victories for the forces of progress. Significant legislation was passed providing enhanced indigent health care in the state, addressing problems of hunger, and removing the exemption from unemployment compensation coverage for farmworkers. At the same time, major pieces of right-wing legislation were killed, and political