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. and Associates E 502 W. 15th Street Austin, Texas 78701 REALTOR Representing all types of properties in Austin and Central Texas Interesting & unusual property a specialty . 477-3651 I it ginnys ‘ COPYING SERVICE Copying Binding Printing Color Copying Graphics Word Processing Austin Lubbock Son Marcos A Texas Tradition Since 1866 No games, no gimmicks, no loud music. Just good conversation with the most interesting people in Austin. And the best of downhome cooking. 1607 San Jacinto Closed Sundays 477-4171 Good books in every field JENKINS PUBLISHING CO. The Pemberton Press John H. Jenkins, Publisher Box 2085 111 Austin 78768 Simply the best record shop in the state of Texastry us first for hard-to-find, local and regional records, lowest prices 24th austin, texas 472-9459 20 OCTOBER 17, 1980 In the early sixties Gonzalez had learned, from a constituent who served in Vietnam as an adviser, that Americans were being exposed to danger in Vietnam, but were not permitted to carry arms there. Seeking satisfaction on the point from a State Department official at a congressional hearing, he got double talk. From reading his newsletter, one might have thought he had voted calmly in 1964 for the Gulf of Tonkin resolution, which passed the House 416-0 and which, as his newsletter said, “supports the determination of the President to take all necessary steps to repel any armed attack upon U.S. forces and to prevent further aggression in Vietnam. In fact, Gonzalez says, he almost voted no. When he expressed doubts about the resolution to the chairman of the House foreign affairs committee, he had been assured it was “pro forma.” “This wording? This wording is very strong,” he replied. He had looked at the words and seen their meaning. He waited to the very last moment of the voting to cast his own vote. “I waited. I was the second to the last one. I waited to the bell, still debating, ‘Do I have the courage to vote no?’ ” He voted aye. Standing outside a cafe on North St. Mary’s Street in San Antonio 16 years later, Gonzalez exclaims, “I took a solemn oath at the Bay of Tonkin that I would never do that again as long as I live, no matter how unpopular. I had never done it before. I had voted alone on the city council again and again . . . . Five minutes after I walked outa that hall I felt ashamed of myself, because I had gone against my own strong convictions.” He recalls telling a reporter afterward that the resolution “looks to me like a backdoor declaration of war,” but Johnson had his unanimous House vote. \(In the Senate just two members, Wayne Gonzalez’ misgivings were still public as late as May, 1965, when he called a Johnson request for additional Vietnam funds a possible “backdoor declaration of war” and construable as “a validation of an undeclared war.” He told a reporter, “I’m not sure I want to see us committed in a declared war there, but I don’t want to go get into one through the back door either by approving this money.” In addition, he recalls, he supported Gruening’s resolution early on calling on the President to cease and desist in Vietnam until the matter was taken through the United Nations. “I was the original sponsor in the House,” he says. ..