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A Mexican Family Empire sizing the strength of the special interests opposed to the charter and the poverty of the proponents. \(They reported collecting $8,701. A few months ago Judge Calvert estimated that it would take $250,000 to time, there were plans in the works for singer Willie Nelson to do a benefit concert in Austin for the pros. While the antis had been winning the battle of the press conferences in late summer and early fall, the pros were stepping up their campaign, trying to hold at least one P. C. a day for the Capitol press corps. They announced a Committee of 1,000 in support of the new constitution. From the right, House Speaker Bill Clayton is the most avid pro. Clayton has been telling rural Texas conservatives that if they don’t approve this new constitution, the next one will be even more liberal and more urban-oriented. The spiel got him in trouble with The Dalhart Texan, which asked, “In spouting off . . . is Bill Clayton trying to use fear to club Texans into voting for the so-called new constitution by threatening them with a worse one if this one isn’t adopted?” The Texan opted for a no vote all the way down the line. Undaunted, Clayton announced plans to visit every town in his West Texas district during the month of October. Attorney General Hill is arguing that, 8 The Texas Observer rather than creating confusion in the courts, the new constitution will make it easier to interpret state constitutional law. “If the current constitution’s meaning has been clearly defined, that message has not reached those who ask for attorney general’s opinions,” Hill said recently. “In the nearly three years that I have been attorney general, more than one-fourth involved going to the constitution to decide legal questions.” Lieutenant Governor Hobby contends that the governor’s new budget and veto powers and the 10-year life span for state agencies would save taxpayers’ money. Hobby went so far in a recent press conference as to suggest that the savings might be as much as $50 million \(but he Both the pros and antis have been known to overstate their cases \(on Sept. 21, The Houston Post quoted Hobby as saying there is “not one rational objection to adoption of the new constitumost outrageous statements, hands down. The San Antonio Citizens to Preserve the Present Constitution distributed a leaflet saying the new charter’s conservation section is similar to a section of the “marxist Manifesto.” At a constitutional debate in San Antonio,. Dallas County Commissioner Roy Orr, State Rep. Calvin Rucker of Dallas, and Ralph Langley, a San Antonio lawyer, all tore into the environmental section of the new constitution. “From what I’ve seen has been done in the name of protecting the environment,” Langley said, “I don’t like it and I don’t want any more of it.” The audience loved him. State Sen. Peyton McKnight of Tyler, the leader of the antis, has also been a crowd pleaser. He often uses the same basic speech describing the opponents. “Most of these people,” he says, “are against the new constitution because they don’t want to trade a tried-and-tested model for a flashy new gasguzzler that does a hundred miles an hour and runs over anybody who gets in the way. They resent, frankly, a brazen attempt by the Legislature to increase its own power at the expense of the people’s solid constitutional guarantees.” The showdown comes Nov. 4. For constitutional revision to be considered a success, Dr. Braden says at least five of the eight propositions must be passed: Proposition 1, the legislative and executive articles; Proposition 2, the judiciary article; Proposition 5, finance; Proposition 6, local government; and Proposition 7, general provisions. K.N. For two more views of the draft constitution, see Page 23. Ed. The Latifundio of the Sanchez Navarros, 1765-1867 By Charles H. Harris III Perhaps no other institution has had a more significant impact on Latin American history than the large landed estate the hacienda. In Mexico, the latifundia, an estate usually composed of two or more haciendas, dominated the social and economic structure of the country for four hundred years. A Mexican Family Empire is a careful examination of the largest latifundio ever to have existed, not only in Mexico but also in all of Latin America the latzfundio of the Sanchez Navarros in the northern state of Coahuila. Based on the Sanchez Navarro papers, the book analyzes continuity and change in Mexico’s evolving socioeconomic structure during one of the most decisive periods in her historythe era of transition from colony to nation. 410 pp., $15.00 University of Texas Press Box 7819 Austin 78712