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in the interests of productivity, an average of three Saturdays per month are declared normal work days. As a result, the “normal” work week is usually in excess of 60 hours. 10 The Texas Observer Personal Service Quality Insurance ALICE ANDERSON AGENCY INSURANCE & REAL ESTATE 808A E. 46th, Austin, Texas 459-6577 HALF PRICE RECORDS AA.CLAz IN E I it, .v , AUSTIN: Isig LAVACA,. WACO: 251114 COL UMBUg DALLAS: 4535 fliclaNIUYAVX. u.05 tL/41 s219 vtioVERS BIGgruTtea S ZAN :RIM. Both workers and supervisors are compelled to work as long as the company demands. When they are hired, the workers sign an agreement to work all overtime demanded by the company. Failure to do so is grounds for dismissal. The Mexican-American supervisors have little choice but to go along with it. They hesitate to quit because they know that to go back on the job market is to go down because most businesses, especially production companies, do not hire Mexican-Americans for supervisory positions. Further pressures to extract the maximum amount of labor they can are applied on the Mexican-American supervisors by the frequently applied policy of making them do the work necessary to fulfill the quota if the workers fail to do so. As would be expected, because of the long hours and low wages, there is a high turnover rate among workers, especially the Class 2 laborers. The turnover rate is further accelerated by the manpower needs of the company which are calculated on a The manpower needs of the company vary from 25 to 30 percent in the production department. When production is down it is not unusual for the company to discharge 25 to 30 men without notice. As soon as business picks up, the company begins hiring again. Day-to-day variations in manpower needs and shortages during build-up are compensated for by utilizing men from local temporary labor pools. The labor policies and practices of this company, like so many others, are extremely rigid. Because of the nature of the business, the profits of the company are dependent on labor costs and therefore the overriding criteria of labor policy are to keep wages at a minimum and the productivity of the workers as high as possible. The labor practice dictated by this policy is to push the workers \(and backing off only when the walkouts are too great to maintain production and the supervisors begin to balk. THESE LABOR practices are only possible because of the availability of sizeable numbers of low-priced minority workers in the local labor market. And it is these minority labor policies and practices in conjunction with social and cultural disadvantages which form the crux of the plight of urban Mexican-Americans. Local industry not only takes advantage of the minority labor pool but also plays an integral part in maintaining it. This can be seen in the situation of the Mexican-American men who are hired as unskilled workers by companies like the one described above. Most of these men are still unsettled immigrants whose tenure with the company provides little more than WHAT CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION PROPOSITIONS DO YOU FAVOR? Before you vote November 4 on a New Constitution for Texas, why not consider a more complete analysis contained in these two timely books. CITIZENS GUIDE TO THE PROPOSED NEW TEXAS CONSTITUTION by: George D. Braden \(prepared under the auspices of the Institute for An incisive analysis of Texas’ proposed new Constitution by one of the country’s top state constitution experts. The author presents 1.An article-by-article analysis of the proposed new Texas Constitution, contrasted with the current Constitution. 2.Background, historical and comparative information on the proposed Constitution which will help even the most casual citizen understand the implications of the decision facing voters in November. 3.A handy treatise on an important subject written in a lively, readable style by a serious, noted scholar. 4.The complete text of the proposed new Texas Constitution. Professor Charles Alan Wright has paid tribute to Mr. Braden … “lively literary style rather than the dreary and boring writing that is typical of so much that pretends to be scholarship.” Return to: Sterling Swift Publishing Company P.O. Box 1352, Austin, Texas 78767 Please send me Constitution” Experience in the 70’s” Enclosed is my check in the amount of $ Please bill me \(Texas residents add 5% Sales Tax. Postage and Name. Address City State THE TEXAS CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION EXPERIENCE IN THE 70’s. by: Dr. Janice May, University of Texas at Austin, \(prepared under the Prepared by a scholar in Texas Government and Politics who has been an active participant in the Constitutional revision process, this volume is very timely. Dr. May has been able to present the complexities of the revision process in a very readable and understandable manner. Contents: Introduction: Unique Features of the Texas Constitutional Revision Experience Part One: State Constitutions and Constitutional Revision in U.S. History *State Constitutions and Constitutional Traditions *Texas Constitutions and Constitutional Traditions Part Two: The Texas Constitutional Convention of 1974 Phase One: The Convention Call Phase Two: The Texas Constitutional Revision Commission Phase Three: The Conventionconvention preparation, opening ceremonies, convention organization, convention chronology, defeat of the final submission resolutions. Part Three: An analysis of the Texas Constitutional Convention. *Role of State Legislatures in Constitutional Revision *Comparison of the Texas Constitution with other Constitutional conventions … shape of the convention, convention politics, convention proposals. Part Four: A Second Chance: Submission of the Convention Document in 1975 *Post convention revision activities Ratification campaign begins. Appendix Historical and analytical in its tone, this volume will, for years to come, be the definitive work on the recent efforts to modernize the century-old Texas Constitution. Zip –