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THE TEXAS OBSERVER “A tradition of honesty, accuracy, fairness, and tireless investigation has enabled the Texas Observer to occupy a unique place in Texas journalism.” The Adversaries: Politics and The Press, Bill Rivers, ed. “The always impious Texas Observer . . . We recommend it.” I. F. Stone’s Bi-Weekly, May 31, 1971 … the Progressive and the Texas Observer, both of them knowledgeable, superbly written, and leavened by a wit of which conservatives seem incapable.” George Frazier, The Boston Globe, Dec. 15, 1973. “Oddly, the impact of some of its biggest stories comes on the rebound: They are picked up and commented on nationally before the state’s daily press recognizes them.” Lew Powell, Chicago Journalism Review, April, 1974 “One of the best publications in the country remains the Texas Observer.” Pete Hamill, The New York Post, Dec. 18, 1969 “The Observer is the conscience of the political community in Texas.” Andrew Kopkind, The New Republic, Nov. 20, 1965 “I think the Observer ranks with The Progressive as one of the two most useful papers in the United States.” John Kenneth Galbraith, Sep. 16, 1970 “The Observer keeps coming out with serious and thorough news of this critically important state which people inside and out can’t get elsewhere.” Nicholas von Hoffman, The Washington Post, Sep. 10, 1971 [ ] One Year $ 8.40 [ ] Two Years $14.70 [ ] Three Years $19.95 \(Non-Texas addresses exempt from 5% sales tax Name Street City & State [ ] Check encl.; 600 WEST 7 Zip [ ] Bill me AUSTIN, TEXAS 78701 That’s what put them on to her . . . it is so easy to get involved in something like that.” Sam Gibbs started teaching math at Sam Houston senior high in 1955-56. At the end of the year his principal did not recommend him for re-employment. “I’ve been told, by a counselor, that the reason was the principal suspected my loyalty to the US,” Gibbs said. The basis of the suspicion, Gibbs understood, was “that I talked too much about Russia. There is a two-way public address system in the lounge. Russia was the topic of bull sessions once or twice. I’m sure I didn’t say anything that could give any reasonable man any such suspicion.” Gibbs had not been as careful as he might have been in another connection. “The first day I set foot on the campus in 1955,” he says, “I had a Stevenson sticker on my car, from the 1952 election. A biology teacher approached me as I was walking along and told me that was a good way to get fired, that the school was honey-combed with spies and informants for the Mills-Petersen-Dyer group. I sort of laughed it off at that time.” “The next time I was warned by a friendly teacher was after a local meeting leading up to the White House Conference on Education. There were a few standing votes, and I voted with the [liberal] Bob Eckhardt group, against the Mills group. I was told that when I stood up, I was just asking for trouble, that every teacher there was being watched and was being reported on. That may still be an exaggeration, but at the same time I have not been able to find out.” Gibbs also worked in his precinct in favor of Ralph Yarborough in 1956 and 1957. In 1956-57 he taught in McReynolds Junior High. “I suspect and still haven’t been able to get any proof that [the suspicions] followed me,” he said. He was released at the end of that school year and is now teaching in a school system near Houston. “Generally,” Gibbs said, “I think in Houston teachers are very cautious hoping they can sweat it out before too much damage is done.” Of his own experiences he says, “I guess I’ve suffered a little bit from bitterness.” RONNIE DUGGER Consequences of a Dance ‘ Aug. 21, 1959 Gatesville, Crawford, Temple An instance of interracial dancing in Elge Brown’s cafe on what some local whites call “nigger hill” in Gatesville has spun off serious consequences for the six people involved and is still spinning. A cedar chopper and his wife, who consented to their 12and 14-year-old daughters dancing with some Negro men in their middle twenties, have served out their 70 days in the Coryell County Jail in Gatesville, but they have lost the custody of their daughters. The girls were first sent to Gainesville State School, the reformatory for delinquent girls, but authorities there decided they were not delinquents and sent them to the state home for neglected children in Corsicana, where they are living now, six months after the episode. One of the Negro men, charged with aggravated assault, paid $100 and costs on a guilty plea. The other . . . has got himself a lawyer to resist the complaint against him on the same count .. . The complaint against each of the Negroes charged him with “placing his arms and hands around her and squeezing and holding her, rubbing his face against her face.”