12 shows and 25 no-shows obligations of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. You say that’s precisely what you’ve done? Ogden: That isthat is a fact. Ogden later admitted that Cameron has two segregated clubs. “The issue raised by Cameron Iron Works . . . was a recurrent theme throughout the Houston hearings: Are qualified minority people available or not?” the report said. “The same question is posed in all sections of the nation whenever a company and/or union is asked to defend the make-up of its work force. However, when one finds a wide diversity of recruiting experiences by different companies drawing from the same labor pool in the same community, the claim of lack of qualified minority applicants is not sustained. The Houston experience serves once again to reinforce a basic postulate: Namely, the supply of minority applicants is a direct function of whether the firm’s policy is to seek out applicants or whether it relies on the applicants to seek out the firm.” THE E.E.O.C. reported that Brown & Root, the nation’s largest construction firm, employs most of its minority members at the traditional “trowel level.” A company spokesman defended this as being a position to which members of ethnic groups gravitate and which they prefer. The firm, which is non-union but which bids on many government projects, also lacks any form of seniority. It bases promotions on the recommendations of its superintendents. Despite its less than perfect record, the E.E.O.C. praised Brown & Root for doing a better job of advancing minority members than have the local trades unions. I.B.M. was complimented for its recruitment efforts, which include sending integrated recruitment teams to campuses, advertising in national minority media, and minority employee referrals. In Houston. I.B.M. maintains a liaison with L.U.L.A.C., J.O.Y. \(Job Opportunities for Youth, a and the Urban League. Shell Oil, Foley’s, and Lockheed Aircraft also were cited as outstanding employers of minority workers. HOUSTON UNIONS came in for stinging rebuke by the E.E.O.C. “As no local union \(nor official of the district in public, the investigation by the commission was limited to the staff reports and the testimony of individual witnesses,” the report said. The E.E.O.C. pointed out that the longshoremen’s locals in Houston are still segregated and the U.S. Justice Department has filed suit against them. The government is charging that the unions are segregated and that the work is assigned so that Anglos work more and get better pay. State Rep. Curtis Graves of Houston Houston Thirty-one large Houston employers and six local unions were invited to participate in the Equal Employment Opportunities Commission hearings. None of the unions appeared. Twelve companies sent representatives. Of the 12 companies which voluntarily agreed to testify in open proceedings, “some had model programs; some mediocre; and some deplorable,” according to the E.E.O.C. report. “All of them, however, were under the impression that they were in complete accord with the provisions of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The sad note, of course, is that many of these 12 firms are probably in the vanguard in Houston with respect to the sincerity and depth of effort. They are ACCEPTED American Oil Co., Inc. Brown & Root, Inc. Cameron. Iron Works, Inc. Champion Papers Foley’s of Houston, a division of Federated Department Stores, Inc. Gulf Oil Co. Humble Oil and Refining Co. The Houston Post Co. International Business Machines Corp. Lockheed Electronics Co. Schlumberger Well Services Shell Oil Co. The unions which declined to appear were: Carpenters Local #213 Longshoremen Locals #872, 1273, and 1581 Painters Local #130 Plumbers Local #211 told the commission: “Of course, you know in Houston, there are certain cargoes that blacks unload and certain cargoes that whites unload and never the twain shall meet. Why this exists and has existed for years, no one seems to know, but if you will notice, if you will take a good look at this we unload all of the dirty work. We do all the dirty-in-the-hole work. We unload all of the explosives, while whites unload the other things which are not too dangerous.” According to the E.E.O.C., the most pervasive exclusion occurs in construction unions. In 1967, ten building crafts reported they had no black members; four others had only one black. Graves said the only way to change the discriminatory pattern is to give blacks 25% of the leadership in every segregated by no means the typical employer. For this reason, it is to be understood that the real picture is no doubt far bleaker than that etched into the transcripts of these hearings.” “By the same token,” the report continues, “the refusal of any craft or longshoring union to participate in the public sessions represents a serious void in the effort to paint an accurate portrait of equal employment opportunity in Houston. Based upon data filed with the E.E.O.C., there is no question that these unions have yet to divest themselves of their discriminatory past. . . . they are a blight on the integrity of the American labor movement.” Following is a list of the companies invited to the hearing: DECLINED Armco Steel Corp. Atlantic Richfield Co. The Dow Chemical Co. Dresser Industries, Inc. E.I. DuPont-de Nemours and Co., Inc. General Electric Co. The Houston Chronicle Houston Lighting and Power Co. Hughes Tool Co. Mandrel Industries, Inc. Monsanto Co. Phillips Petroleum Co. Southern Pacific Transportation Co. Tenneco Oil Co. Texaco, Inc. Texas Instruments, Inc Todd Shipyards Corp. Union Carbide Corp. union. “That is the only way you can build in protection for black union members,” Graves said. “If we are not represented in the policy-making bodies, we will be arbitrarily and systematically excluded just as we have been in the past.” Chicanos fare no better, the E.E.O.C. said. I. Rodriquez, a member of the longshoremen’s union, described his experience in the Anglo local: “I started to work with this Longshoremen Local 1273 in 1947. I work with them for about three years until 1950 and I didn’t have no chance to get not even a day’s work during the summertime when all them high school kids had their vacation because my name is Spanish, Latin American, or Mexican-American. I didn’t November 27, 1970 5
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