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114Holleman Urged: ork with Shivers Houston Jerry Holleman, the first president of the Texas AFL-CIO, is quoted in a recent issue of the conservative Houston Tribune as saying he urged, unsuccessfully, that -labor try to work with Allan Shivers when Shivers first became governor. “One of the greatest mistakes Texas labor ever made,” Holleman is quoted as saying, “was splitting with Allan Shivers in 1950 and opposing him. They did that over my protest and the protests of some other labor officials. We could have gotten along with Shivers and had very cordial relations with him the whole time he was governor.” The Tribune summarized the situation: “Instead, Shivers reacted in much the same manner as most politicians do when someone attacks them. He fought back and gave labor a rough time. And, although he wanted to retire to private life after serving his second elective term as governor, the threats of labor to beat him prompted him to run for and win a third term.” The Tribune article contended that labor is this year committing the same “blunder” as it did with Shivers in not endorsing Ben Barnes for lieutenant governor. “Organized labor apparently intends to demonstrate once again this year its long-nurtured tradition for cutting off its nose to spite its face,” the Tribune story said. El of Brown, “I know who’s sold the program of the labor movement the last seven years. . . . I know who is the president of the Texas AFL-CIO.” He recalled that when Brown first was named president, at Galveston in 1961 “the labor movement didn’t come into town with $150,000 [to spend on election campaigns]. It came in with nothing. . . . “I don’t know how you stand now,” Evans went on, speaking of the Gladden matter. “You may beat both Hank and me tomorrow. . . . Hank says we won’t have to have a roll call vote tomorrow. . . . But I agree with Hank [whatever happens] it won’t divide us.” Evans then dramatically introduced Gladden, who was seated in the audience. He was the only person not at the head table to be introduced. Tumultuous applause ensued from most of the crowd, mostly on its feet. There were some scattered boos. Senators Mauzy and Schwartz did not join in the ovation. GLADDEN AND his supporters were jubilant after the banquet, feeling victory the next day now within grasp. There was some concern that Yarborough had been at least obliquely critical of Brown, in recalling the now-embarrassing Holleman incident of 1956 and perhaps subtly suggesting that that situation was comparable to Brown’s handling of the Gladden matter this year. Yarborough told the Observer he did not intend his remarks to be construed as pertaining to the Gladden endorsement situation nor to be critical of Brown, whom he described as “my good friend.” But virtually everyone who attended the banquet could see the speech only in this light, so much on the delegates’ minds was the Gladden endorsement question. And, it is noted, Yarborough had been picked up at the Houston airport and driven to the Galveston banquet by A. L. Smith, president of an 11,000-member Fort Worth machinists’ local and the key man in leading machinist support for endorsement. There was talk that the building trades might pull out if Gladden were endorsed, which would be a damaging blow to the State AFL-CIO. The next day, the day endorsements and recommendations were to be announced, it was clear Brown had not given up and was still working against endorsing Gladden. Later that morning Barnes and Gladden spoke to the delegates. Gene Smith, the Fort Worth conservative who is the third man in the race, declined to appear, wiring Brown that “my two liberal opponents . . . are welcome to such endorsement,” since “I do not seek the endorsement of any political power group of organized labor….” Barnes was introduced by Brown, who said, “We found in the last session of the legislature we could have some rapport with this man.” Barnes promised fairness if elected lieutenant governor, pointed out that four of six bills in which labor was most interested in 1967 were passed by the House over which he pre sided. Barnes called for changes in the workmen’s compensation law, progress in education, fighting pollution, heightened industrial development, annual legislative sessions, a revised state constitution, and “a special agency in the state government to be singled out to handle the problems of the working man.” He cautioned the delegates not to “take for granted that someone is against you without ever talking to them.” He was interrupted by applause once, when he said, “I stand ready to work with you to solve the many problems that face Texas.” Barnes closed with a significant story taken from the life of Sam Houston, saying “I can’t vouch for its authenticity, but this morning I can share the sentiment expressed by it. It’s my understanding that Sam Houstonas he fought to protect our stateonce lifted his head in prayer and asked for the help of the Almighty. Then he qualified it by saying, ‘But, Lord, if you can’t help ME, please don’t help my enemies!’ ” Gladden was introduced by Brown as “a man who needs no introduction to Texas labor he’s been our friend. While we may not share his aspirations on this matter we know he’ll continue as our friend.” Brown then turned toward the press table and cautioned the press not to write about a “civil war” existing within the ranks of labor, recalling that in 1961, when a labor convention faced another potentially divisive issue the State AFL-CIO came out of that all right and has since increased its membership by three times. Brown predicted that if a “civil war” ensued at this convention “we’ll probably just come back six years from now three times as strong as today.” Gladden said, “I want to talk to you about the ‘civil war,’ too. Whatever war there is will be over this afternoon and there will be an honorable peace,” he said, to applause. He praised Brown’s and Evans’ contributions to the state labor movement and then turned to the matter of his endorsement, asserting “Whatever action is taken today I’ll be out there working for the same goals as I have for the last ten or twenty years. . . . The issue here is whether you’re going to support a candidate who believes in your philosophy.” He then took the ten points of labor’s bill of rights one by one and discussed his past stands on each. His most enthusiastic applause came when he said, of the minimum wage, “Instead of going to New Braunfels, as the previous speaker did, I went and marched with the Valley farm workers.” Recalling his being the principal author last year of a bill providing for union shops for public employees, Gladden recalled, “we only got twelve votes… . We couldn’t win but that wasn’t the issue and it shouldn’t be the issue here today.” Repeating Barnes’ statement in the Amarillo paper about the state right to work law Gladden said, to thunderous applause, “I don’t believe Texas organized labor wants the presiding officer of the highest elective body of the state to be a man who on every opportunity has voted against the people especially when there is running against him a man who on every opportunity has voted with the people.” A THREE-HOUR recess then occurred so the executive committee could form its recommendation to the delegates. The committee used this time to confer with Gladden and it was finally agreed that he would accept a recommendation. The committee unanimously ratified the agreement. That afternoon as delegates filed into the meeting center word of the agreement spread and tension eased. There was keen disappointment by many who had stood fast for an endorsement, relief among those who were concerned more about the effects of the convention’s decision on the future of the state labor organization. Brown, looking pleased, opened the session, saying, “The pressure is begin , March 15, 1968 3