scrawled in bold black letters. I was genuinely scared and I remained quiet for the remaining week of the school year. THE LOT of the Mexican-American has improved. No longer does the Ku Klux Klan ride roughshod over the Mexican-American. The girl that graduated from an area school in the middle ’30’s with the second highest grade average and was never declared the salutatorian can rest assured that what happened to her won’t happen to her grandchildren. Restaurant doors no longer bar people because of their race or ethnic group. The all-Latin elementary schools are no longer called Mexican wards. But the prejudice and discrimination still exist in sophisticated and personal forms. Fraternities and sororities at Texas A&I have never found any suitable Mexican-Americans for their ranks. South Texas schools are still in many cases tokenly integrated or not integrated at all. The face-slapping terms, “Meskin” and “greaser,” are still used. The financially-advanced Latin still has diffiCulty associating with his Anglo financial peers. Public schools still drill inferiority into Latins by separa tion and by the implication that Spanish is a second-class language. Socially, clubs with membership by invitation only systematically exclude Mexican-Americans. And the resulting feelings of inferiority among Latins are understandable but not therefore any the less real. Inter-ethnic harmony is not an impossibility; the equality enjoyed by many other ethnic groups now in America proves this. But little can be accomplished if only the Mexican-Americans try. The feeling of revenge does not run high among Latins, but the possibility of a “Brown Power” movement is high. The Mexican-Americans of South Texas cannot and will not be held down forever. Either the MexicanAmericans become absorbed in the culture and the pious hypocrisy ends, or they will grow powerful enough to take equality. I hope the former alternative happens, for the latter might not end discrimination but simply switch the positions. Two Comments from Washington Joe Pool’s Monstrous Bungling Robert Sherrill Washington, D.C. Texas’ Joe Pool, who forever looks like an angry toad in search of a subversive fly, has been treating the eastern seaboard to some of the indignities Texas had to put up with a decade ago when Pool was in the legislature; and, to say the least, the Washington-New York cocktailers are embarrassed. It’s one thing when Pool smears the Berkeley crowd, but when he starts giving the same treatment to the products of Cambridge and New York colleges, the Establishment feels that he is indeed leading the nation into the back alley for some Grecian indecencies. There is a second source of this embarrassment, I think, which is a cumulative reaction to what Texas and Texans have been up to in recent years. Everyone tries to be nice about it, but they can’t forget that the man in the White House simply would not be there today if it had not been for a Texas bullet, and then recently there was the University of Texas butchery, and the fellow who chopped up the nurses in Chicago turns out to be a Dallas boy, and now President Johnson is conducting what many in Europe \(and not The Subtle Gibe The New York Times published this excerpt from the HUAC hearing. Counsel to the committee A. M. Nittle was questioning Jeffrey Gordon, a witness. Q. What’s your name? A. What is the relevance of that? Q. It is relevant. A. I will state that the U.S. is the aggressor in Vietnam. My name is Jeffrey Gordon and I identify with the American revolution. Mr. Pool. I know another man who identified with the American Revolution. I think his first name was Benedict. 10 The Texas Observer short of international murder in Vietnam. Not surprisingly, Bertrand Russell has very easily recruited an impressive panel to sit as judges in a mock trial of Johnson as a war criminal. And then when you add to that the fact that the crassest suggestions for silencing dissent have come from Texans from Johnson himself \(“God forgive them, they know not what they do,” he said, in his from Congressman Teague \(“too much disis no wonder that Texas once again begins to slip into the old sub-Snopesian stereotype. FOR THOSE with such weak stomachs that they have not been able to follow Pool’s monstrous bunglings on a day to day basis, let me recapitulate by saying that Texas’ congressman-at-large became unhappy because a handful of college students scattered over the country sent some blood and some money \(one can imagine what a tremendous windfall a few Viet Cong, so he drew up a bill that would allow the federal courts to punish anyone who sends “money, property or thing” to “any hostile power” with a .$20,000 fine and a 20-year jail sentence. It’s not likely that Pool was really that angry, but this is an election year and he figured his constituents would prefer that he act awfully angry. So he called for hearings of the House Un-American Activities Subcommittee, chaired by himself, and proceeded to subpoena some of the suspected students. Thereafter all was a massacreof Pool and his colleagues on the subcommittee. Nothing has gone so wrong around here in months. The students, far from refusing to testify as Pool had expected, launched into marathon harangues that left him banging and banging his gavel until the sweat rolled down his pudgy face and his arm became exhausted and Congressman Ichord had to act as a substitute banger. \(One student insisted on calling Pool “Joe” part, sheer chaos. Periodically congressmen, witnesses, spectators, and lawyers shouted abuse back and forth. Pool virtually lost control of the hearings, and regained control in the afternoon of the first day by excluding the anti-Vietnam youths from the hearing room and packing it instead with members of various congressional staffs, who left their jobs and, at taxpayers’ expense, came in to sit, listen sympathetically to Pool, and crowd out the dissenters. So far the hearings have seen about 50 arrests. The most publicized, of course, was that of Arthur Kinoy, the A.C.L.U. attorney who had to shout to be heard in the rumble of the hearing room and, for doing what everybody else was doing, was seized by four big guards, his arm twisted behind his back, one guard choking him in an armlock, the others using various portions of his body to hang on to and heave. Kinoy weighs about 135 pounds. \(Earlier the guards had been quite effective out screamingand members of the legal fraternity across the country immediately took up the scream. Lawyers don’t look favorably upon the mistreatment of one of their brothersespecially, as in Kinoy’s case,’ when he is a Harvard graduate with a bright reputationjust for the passionate defense of a client. Kinoy says he is suing the committee as a whole and Pool especially. Other lawyers in the case walked out. Significantly Poolwho must be catching a lot of hell from fellow congressmen for stirring up the hornet’s nest ‘told some of the defendants that they were excused until after the November election. It is probably fair to say that Pool is one of the most unpopular congressmen in Washington today. What he’s doing may
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The Texas Rangers are tasked with investigating corruption and crimes by public officials. Those officials are rarely held accountable.