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Since 1866 The Place in Austin GOOD FOOD GOOD BEER 1607 San Jacinto GR 7-4171 poll tax was to be used for local elections can appreciate the point which I am trying to make,” Sen. Douglas said. TOWER JOINED THE DE-BATE in its concluding stages. He told not enact a poll tax immediately after Reconstruction, \(as Southern states did for but that Texas rather enacted its poll tax in 1902. “The question of inhibiting the Negroes from voting never entered into the debate. It was an effort to prevent vote frauds,” Tower said. “. . never in my state has there been any use of the poll tax as a means of discrimination.” Bayh differed: “We have had considerable evidence that it has been discriminatory. I believe the senator’s colleague from Texas pointed out that the poll tax in his state hits many Latin-Americans to a greater degree than it does Negroes.” Tower replied: “Probably the problem is that many Latin-American citizens, being unable to read and write the English language, are not sufficiently informed to know what ther duties and responsibilities as citizens are.” Tower also asked Bayh, “Is it not conceivable that very often people do not pay their poll tax because they are apathetic and not conscious of what their duties and responsibilities as citizens are?” The Republican from Texas told Bayh that repealing the poll tax in Texas “would have the effect in my state of allowing some unscrupulous political bosses to bloc-vote certain people. The measure would afford them an opportunity to regis 12 The Texas Observer Classified REAL ESTATE Owner will trade good, clean, six-room home, desirable location, Northwest San Antonio, for Austin home. GR 2-4518, Austin. POODLES AKC REGISTERED POODLE BREEDING SERVICE. Tiny White Toy Starlight Line; Miniature Silver Vendas Bloodline. Fee $50.00 or puppy. 904 Brentwood, Austin, GL 3-2951. ter those people. The registration would not cost them $1.75 a head, as it once did.” In a statement later in the debate, Tower added: “In Texas the poll tax does not actually operate to prevent people from voting. Statistics indicate a very excellent record in my state in encouraging minority ethnic groups to participate in the political process. The amount of the tax is low enough so that persons are not deterred from voting, regardless of their financial or socioeconomic status.” Tower told the Senate abolition was defeated in Texas in 1963 by a vote of 316,000 to 243,000. “No defense can be made, I believe, for anyone who would . .. deny Texans and 14-13 Discount reports that just three Texas congressmen will vote to repeal 14-B of Taft-Hartley, now that President Johnson has endorsed repeal specifically, says Roy Evans, labor’s secretary-treasurer .in Texas. Declaring that Cong. Jim Wright, Fort Worth, announced he will vote for repeal, Evans said, “Don’t be surprised if 12 [of the 23 Texans] vote for repeal.” V Johnson endorsed repeal of 14-B, ex tending the minimum wage to 4.5 mil lion workers not now covered, doubletime pay after a certain number of hours over time, and federal standards for state un employment comp programs. The President did not endorse labor’s push for a higher minimum wage and a shorter work-week. rof Hank Brown, state labor president in Texas, who has been in Washington a lot lately, said the President, urging 14B’s repeal, “has fired, as we were certain he would, the biggest artillery yet in the war on poverty.” Brown said enactment of Johnson’s labor points “will prove that we, as a people, truly wish to enter ‘the Great Society.’ . . . This is the kind of legislative package Texas lawmakers should have been concerned with passingand years ago, at thatrather than in striving t9 make sure that youngsters offered $1.25 an hour do not earn more than their parents.” por Brown reportedly remarked to a legis lative labor study group in Austin that if Jim Wright votes for repeal of 14-B, labor would be hard-pressed to view his prospective 1966 candidacy for the U.S. Senate with disfavor. V Sen. John Tower put into the Congres sional Record a resolution from the Texas heavy, municipal, and utilities con tractors opposing repeal of 14-B. Texas GOP chairman Peter O’Donnell said John son was fulfilling his major promises to “top labor bosses,” but that if they want repeal, “let them settle the issue here in Texas.” In O’Donnell’s written statement an American citizen of the right to vote, because of the coloration of his skin. However, it is not merely a matter of singling out one or two of the many different types of state qualifications for suffrage and subjecting them to federal jurisdiction and control.” Voting for the Kennedy amendment were these 45 senators: Bartlett, Bass, Bayh, Boggs, Brewster, Burdick, Cannon, Case, Church, Clark, Dodd, Douglas, Fong, Gore, Gruening, Harris, Hart, Inouye, Jackson, Javits, Kennedy, Mass., Kennedy, N.Y., Kuchel, Lausche, Long, La., Magnuson, McGee, McIntyre, McNamara, Mondale, Morse, Moss, Muskie, Nelson, Neuberger, Pastore, Pell, Proxmire, Randolph, Ribicoff, Smith, Tydings, Williams, N.J., Yarborough, Young, 0. Apart from Sens. Fulbright, McGovern, Metcalf, Russell, Ga., Scott, and Symington, who did not vote, the other senators voted against the amendment. 0 he addedsurely with a guffaw”When the Texas tidelands were threatened by federal intervention, Governer Shivers cast aside partisanship to stand forthrightly for the best interests of Texas. We call on Governor Connally to provide leadership for our state in this crucial issue.” gof Thereupon, on May 21, Governor Connally released the following press release: “Governor Connally today sent the following telegram to members of the Texas Congressional Delegation: “The Texas Right to Work Law has been on our books for eighteen years. It has been fair to management and the working man alike. Texas has experienced outstanding economic growth during these eighteen years. “‘No Texan has been harmed by our Right to Work Law. It guarantees and protects the right to join unions as well as the right to refuse to join a union. Unions have expanded their membership and influence under this law, and repeal is not necessary to protect the right of working men to join together in unions for their mutual protection and benefit. “‘The public policy of Texas, as expressed by the legislature and our courts, supports the Right to Work Law. Moreover, the Democratic Platform on which all other Democrats and I were elected in 1962 called for the retention of that law. “‘Therefore, I strongly urge that you oppose any legislation which calls for repeal of Section 14-B of the Taft-Hartley Act. “‘With kindest regards. “Sincerely, “John Connally” V The next day, Texas AFL-CIO President Hank Brown issued a press release in reply, saying: “It is now obvious that Governor John Connally has far more in common with the Republican Party than he has with the part of the man he nominated to be President. . . . “Connally’s wire . . . is only the latest in a series of positions the Governor has assumed which put him squarely in agreement with the Goldwater wing of the Republican Party. “Let’s look at the record: “Connally opposed the LBJ medical care for the elderly under Social Security plan Political Intelligence