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Collegei l Jitcorporated An Arlington State College leader who spoke to Gov. Connally on Feb. 11 about pending legislation said afterwards, “He wants to get politics out of higher educationthat’s what we want.” If the governor wants to get politics out of higher education, why does his bill to create a superboard over it give him the power to designate the chairman and vicechairman of the board? If the governor wants to get politics out of higher education, why does his bill to create a superboard over it prohibit working educators from being any one of the 18 members of that board? If the governor wants to get politics out of higher education, why does his bill to create a superboard over it give him, the governor, the most political official in state government, total power to name all its members, with no machinery for his consulting of educators or for their nominating likely people for the board? The idea of coherence and control in higher education is appealing. A superboard works well in California, except for recently at Berkeley. But to start such a program under a governor whose chief political craftsman, Frank Erwin, has declared to a University of Texas regent in writing that the governor regards college architectural contracts as “gifts” to be given to political supporters is doubtful. To entrust total control over the colleges, universities, and junior colleges to a single governor who has appointed, already, a 25man study committee that had on it 15 businessmen and only ten othersnone of them professorsis to jeopardize the independence of higher education in Texas. We do not know what kind of appointments Gov. Connally would make to the superboard. We do know, from a plain reading of the governor’s billan activity we commend to all Texas educatorsthat the board will have in effect whatever powers it wishes to shape the colleges and universities to its desires. Morgan Davis of Humble Oil told the Senate state affairs committee that it’s very distressing that three hundred trustees and regents are running our colleges now. It would be even more distressing to have them run by one board with the values and outlook of the board of Humble Oil & Refining Co. At least the present system provides pluralism and diversity ; at least we can be reasonably confident that the way it is now there is enough autonomy left to the institutions and the professors. We would not cry “wolf” if the governor’s committee of 25 had not already discarded its sheep’s clothing. What guarantees have educators that the new superboard will not start a subtle “cleaning out” of the colleges and universities? With the powers it is to be given it can undertake, over a period of perhaps ten years, a reshaping of degree programs and emphasis at any and every college and university in Texas. The bill actually instructs the board to promote new vocational and technical programs “as the needs of technology and industry may demand.” This is ominous wording. Suppose the governor names a committee composed just about like his committee of 25. Not that he will: nobody knows whether he will or not except him ; just suppose, since it stands to reason that he will, that he will. How are they going to view, say, a new Ph.D. degree program in economics at a college or university where there are some eco profs whose views they think are radical? What will they say if the government department at Allstate Round Rock University proposes a course in the history of government regulation of American Telephone and Telegraph that is to be taught, they know, by a prof who has refused to use area codes? We are confronted here and now with a bill that may subordinate the colleges and universities of Texas to big business. El War with China The question in Vietnam is no longer whether we should have bombed north: it has become whether we want war with China. Each serious citizen has a duty to read as much as he can on this subjectif possible the Times, and certainly Reston and Lippman day to dayand to make up Incorporating the State Observer and the East Texas Democrat, which in turn incorporated the State Week and Austin ForumAdvocate. We will serve no group or party but will hew hard to the truth as we find it and the right as we see it. We are dedicated to the whole truth, to human values above all interests, to the rights of man as the foundation of democracy; we will orders from none but our own conscience, and never will we overlook or .misrepresent the truth to serve the interests of the powerful or cater to the ignoble in the human spirit. Editor and General Manager, Ronnie Dugger. Partner, Mrs. R. D. Randolph. Business Manager, Sarah Payne. Contributing Editors, Elroy Bode, Bill Brammer, Larry Goodwyn, Franklin Jones, Lyman Jones, Larry L. King, Georgia Earnest Klipple, Willie Morris, James Presley, Charles Ramsdell, Roger Shattuck, Dan Strawn, Tom Sutherland, Charles Alan Wright. Staff Artist, Charles Erickson. Contributing Photographer, Russell Lee. Subscription Representatives: Austin, Mrs. Helen C. Spear, 2615 Pecos, HO 5-1805; Dallas, Mrs. Cordye Hall, 5835 Ellsworth, TA 1-1205; El Paso, Mrs. Jeanette Harris, 5158 Garry Owen Rd., LO 5-3448; Houston, Mrs. Shirley Jay, 10306 Cliffwood Dr., PA 3-8682; Lubbock, Doris Blaisdell, 2515 24th St.; Midland, Eva Dennis, 4306 Douglas, OX 4-2825; Odessa, Enid Turner, 1706 Glenwood, EM 6-2269; Rio Grande Valley, Mrs. Jack Butler, 601 Houston, McAllen, MU 6-5675; his mind what he thinks should happen, given what he can figure out, and tell his congressman and senators. It is our opinion that if the bombing north was motivated by a desire to give us a stronger basis to seek a negotiated settlement, it can be apprehended in that light, but that if this negotiation is not now soughtif, as Lippman advocates we do, we do not now start a peace offensive as to Viet Namthen we have run grave risks without improving the situation. We must, as Reston makes clear, we must realize that intimates of the President are urging at least the heedless risking of war with China now. We urge the President to follow the counsels of patience and of peacenot of alarm and of warin this time when, as he has told us, 400 million people would be killed in the first exchanges of a nuclear holocaust. We hope all who agree will communicate with the President. i tem o Senator Tower voted against the war on poverty for Appalachia. Is he for poverty? No! thunder Republicans. Well, what’s he doing to stop it? Senator Yarborough joins Tower applauding the bombing north in Viet Nam. We need thought, not “unity,” on this \(and borough would give it more thought. Atty. Gen. Carr tells the Supreme Court he didn’t seize the books as bookshe just seized the ideas in them so they wouldn’t be misused. Oh. San Antonio, Mrs. Mae B. Tuggle, 531 Elmhurst, TA 6-3583; Tyler, Mrs. Erik Thomsen, 3332 Lynwood, LY 4-4862; Cambridge, Mass., Victor Emanuel, 33 Aberdeen Ave., Apt. 3A. The editor has exclusive control over the editorial policies and contents of the Observer. None of the other people who are associated with the enterprise shares this responsibility with him. Writers are responsible for their own work, but not for anything they have not themselves written, and in publishing them the editor does not necessarily imply that he agrees with them, because this is a journal of free voices. The Observer publishes articles, essays, and creative work of the shorter forms having to do in various ways with this area. The pay depends; at present it is token. Unsolicited manuscripts must be accompanied by return postage. Unsigned articles are the editor’s. The Observer is published by Texas Observer Co., Ltd., biweekly from Austin, Texas. Entered as second-class matter April 26, 1937, at the Post Office at Austin, Texas, under the Act of March 3, 1879. Second class postage paid at Austin, Texas. Delivered postage prepaid $5.00 a year; two years, $9.50; three years, $13.00. Foreign rates on request. Single copies 25c; prices for ten or more for students, or bulk orders, on request. Editorial and Business Offices: The Texas Observer, 504 West 24th St., Austin 5, Texas. Telephone GR 7-0746.. Change of Address: Please give old and new address and allow three weeks. THE TEXAS OBSERVER A Journal of Free Voices A Window to the South 59th YEAR ESTABLISHED 1906 Vol. 57, No. 4 70W4D February 19, 1965