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through the removal of some exemptions”; Rep. Dick Cherry, Waco, supported raising the sales tax rate rather than lifting exemptions from it. Sen. George Parkhouse said in Dallas that the legislature could get the money needed without sales-taxing groceries; he suggested higher tuition rates for colleges, a sales tax on farm machinery, and requiring REA co-ops to pay the sales tax on now-exempt items. “I am convinced we can avoid raising the sales tax rate or levying the tax on grocery purchases,” Parkhouse said. The brass-collar Democrat Jacksonville Daily Progress said the sales tax is here to stay, and “Better spread it to items now exempt than to increase its rate,” in effect an endorsement of a sales tax on groceries. g, Members of the legislature were wined and dined in Dallas before the TexasOklahoma football game by the Dallas and by the State Fair of Texas \(at noon legislators through sterling civic organizations has been gaining ground in Texas the last four or five years. g/ Gov. Connally and other state officials asked a federal court in Houston to give the legislature until Jan. 15, 1966, to effect legislative redistricting. The deadline for congressional redistricting is next Aug. 1. A federal suit now pends in Austin to redistrict commissioners’ districts in Hays County. pOr The U.S. Supreme Court having re jected the Texas AFL-CIO lawsuit against commuters from Mexico on grounds the organization was not a legitimate liti gant on the issue, Texas labor is now re suming its campaign for a state minimum wagewhich it figures would cut down the commuters, since the dirt-cheap wages 16 The Texas Observer they’ll work for is the basis of the demand for themand for an international minimum wage agreement through Washington-Mexico City authorities. Observations Politics, Anyone? I anticipate, as do most observers, that the U.S. Senate race will be close Tuesday. A few, a few hundred, a few thousands of votes could make the difference. Turn-out-the-vote organizations are doing all they can. What can an individual do? We suppose 15,000 or 20,000 people read each issue of the ObServer. If each reader will communicate with two or three others and be sure they vote for Yarborough Tuesday, it could matter. If those readers who can take all or part of Tuesday off will present themselves to the Yarborough headquarters in their areas Tuesday morning and offer to haul voters or do telephone work, it could matter. Politics is dirty work, but it leads to the improvement or the worsening of society. Senator Yarborough’s re-election and the attendant election of President Johnson and Senator Humphrey will lead, I believe, to the improvement of society. More than ever I am convinced that the outcome depends on voter turnout. “Obviously,” wrote pollster Joe Belden last Sunday, “a large turnout will benefit Yarborough, who maintains a substantial 15-point distance from Bush among all voters but only a five-point lead among likely voters.” It strikes me as likely that a few telephone calls or a few hours’ work next Tuesday will be the most valuable brief contribution an ordinary Texan can make to a better world in this decade. The Three Amendments The first constitutional amendment to be voted on Tuesday, to prohibit the legiSlature from spending any of the permanent school fund for operating expenses of the schools, conserves that fund for basic school improvements and deserves an aye vote. The second one, requiring longer notice to the public and the Texas Water Commission before a legislator tries to create a new water district or substantially change an old one, seems all right. The third one would authorize the legislature to extend medical services to needy elderly Texans who are not now covered by the present state medical vendor payments program because they have enough resources to have kept them from qualifying for old age assistance. The Texas Medical Assn. is using this state program in its propaganda against U.S. medicare under social security. Texans are being asked why they should support comprehensive federal medicare for the aged when they already have a state program. “Why Pay Twice?” ask doctors’ ads in major Texas dailies. However, the state program itself is all right, and everybody knows already that the political doctors are against medicare for selfish reasons and would use their own grandmothers’ situations to argue against it if they thought that would work. Besides, the basic state program already exists; Amendment No. 3 is just an extension of it. Although I resent the medical propagandists placing voters in the position of contributing to their self-serving propaganda, I think the risk of jeopardizing federal medicare is marginal and will vote aye. R.D. Dialogue Yarborough vs. Goldwaterism one can forget so easily that not all voters have the choice between a Keating and a Kennedy, and that it is possible for a man of the great stature of our Ralph Yarborough to be in danger because of the forces of Goldwaterism.Sue Wheeler, 303 East 71st St., New York 21, N.Y. Food for Thought In your Sept. 18 editorial you mention that you might vote for Goldwater if he ran for dog catcher. I can just see the campaign poster: GOLDWATER FOR DOG CATCHER Deep In Your Heart You Know He’ll Bite Gregor H. Riesser, 1514 Greenbriar Ave., Pasadena, Tex. P.S. Recipe for Goldwater Barbecue: First you take a small conventional .. . No Margin for Complacency Your description of the current campaign as being “cast over by some subtle sickness of spirit” [Obs. Oct. 2] seems especially acute. Events of the past eleven months have culminated in a totally unreal, chaotic political condition. We are presented with President Johnson, whom we have not known long as a liberal, and a candidate whose ignorance of present day problems and causes is terrifying. The situation, however, is not at all devoid of hope. President Johnson has gone much farther in his support of liberal programs than mere expediency would seem to dictate. He has shown the inclination and he certainly has the abilityto be an outstanding President. In. Texas we need a very large turnout of Democratic voters for two purposes. In addition to augmenting the overwhelming defeat of Senator Goldwater and thereby permitting the Republican Party to be salvaged, a large Democratic turnout is essential to Senator Yarborough’s reelection. The slightest complacency or indolence among Democrats could result in the election of a second Goldwater-type, antieverything senator from Texas. And while Senator Tower has at times provided comic relief, the state can hardly afford two like him. Don W. Allford, 1505 Cloverleaf, Austin, Texas. 44