be here in Jim Wright’s city . . . he speaks for Fort Worth, he speaks for the nation. I know of no city better represented in the halls of Congress than Jim Wright’s.” President Lyndon B. Johnson said recently: “I want to thank the people of Fort Worth publicly for giving to our nation’s government a man of the calibre and leadership of Jim Wright.” It was Jim Wright, along with only three others, in the entire Texas delegation, who refused to sign any of the Southern manifestoes condemning the Supreme Court’s ruling in 1954. It was Jim Wright, while a member of the state legislature, who supported the court’s ruling that the University of Texas had to admit qualified Negroes to study there. It was Jim Wright who as Mayor of Weatherford insisted that paving and sewer lines be extended to the Negro neighborhoods for the first time. Throughout the state, a monumental move is driving at great velocity to replace Republican Senator John Tower in 1966 with this great Democrat and great political leader. If you want to disagree with John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson, Ralph Yarborough and hundreds of thousands of true Texas Democrats, that is your privilege, but please, let’s “hew hard to the truth.” Harold L. Valderas, attorney, Dan Waggoner Bldg., Fort Worth, Texas. An Undemocratic Idea In your July 10 issue, a reader, Tom Caldwell, asked for comments on his proposal that all 23 Texas congressmen run at large, with each voter casting one vote. 16 The Texas Observer The 23 candidates receiving the highest number of votes would then be declared elected. This proposal raises the old debate over propOrtional representation vs. single-member districts. Most advocates of proportional representation assume that the measure of a democracy is its ability to secure a legislature reflecting the various divisions in the electorate. This, however, is only one part of democracy, that concerning minority rights. The other measure of a democracy is majority rule, the ability of the majority to act. To the extent that a system of proportional representation prevents majority rule, that system is undemocratic. Mr. Caldwell’s proposal would lead to a fragmentation which could prevent majority rule. His proposal would not strengthen the two-party system; it would lead to more than two parties, a multi-party system. . . . John Holcombe, 272 W. 4th St., Apt. 2, Claremont, Calif. The Observer and Republicans During the recent Republican convention here, the Texas delegation hosted a reception honoring the Michigan delegation. During this reception, this writer heard many praises for the Texas Observer. It was referred to in such terms as “honest,” “We know where it stands,” and so on. Some [Texas Republican] candidates even said they would use some information from the Observer in their campaigns. It appears that it is as widely read among the Texas Republicans as it is among the liberal Democrats. N. C. Haldane, 795 Sycamore, Apt. 6, Hayward, Calif. The True Issue This Year The true issue of the 1964 election is whether the reactionaries who have reacted against the economic and social progress this nation has experienced since 1932 will, under Senator Goldwater’s nominal leadership, be permitted to carry the nation back as far back as they would be able to do so to the economic and social principles of the 1920’s. The personalities of President Johnson vis-a-vis Senator Goldwater are important because economic and social progress requires leadership, and leaders must have administrative ability. There is no question but that President Johnson has better administrative ability, and his influence is brought to bear on his associates who understand and work for a progressive attitude in government. The personal issues relating to both men that are getting big pray in the campaign are relatively unimportant. . . . Two of my kids are in the university, and I have been peeking into their textbooks on economics and government. I am rather amazed to find discourse there not just on “economic theory”as it seemed to be when I was there during the Great Depressionbut the “theories” have now been reinforced by observed fact to the degree that they are now “principles.” These principles are related to specific events of history. It is because of a lack of understanding of these principles that the backers of Senator Goldwater are seeking unwittingly to destroy our government. A distinguished colleague replied to an argument I was advancing: “Bill, do you think we doctors are wrong just because we don’t understand?” “Yes, I am afraid that is true.” W. E. Lockhart, M.D., 401 North Fourth St., Alpine, Tex. On Lee, Klipple, and Bode It’s with pride and admiration for your work and courage in reporting that I renew my Observer subscription for the third time. Although I am from San Antonio and went to college in Texas, you might like to know that I first heard of your paper and was urged to subscribe to it by Frances Whitman, a liberal Democrat I met when I was working at Look Magazine. Although she’s from Connecticut, she took every opportunity to promote the Observer and encouraged others to subscribe. I’ve also meant to write before to say how glad I am that you’ve been using Russell Lee’s photographs. I believe that Lee is the most un-noticed fine photographer who’s been making photographs since he was a member of the Farm Security Administration back in the thirties. His use of flash was, in my opinion, , unexcelled at that time, yet the humanity of his subjects was always what prevailed. One would not think, to look at those shots, that the subjects, so tenderly and movingly rendered, had been caught by flash, which is usually used inexpertly to make merciless photographs. His photographs made by daylight, which you usually use, have the same strength as did the photos made earlier. His portraits of Yarborough and other Texas politics say much and are fine interpretations which give evidence that a sensitive man with a good mind is behind the camera. And while I’m at it, I have enjoyed the articles by both Georgia Earnest Klipple on the Valleywhere I grew upand by Elroy Bode on ,the Hill CountryI taught journalism for a year at Tivy High School in Kerrville and counseled photography at Waldemar one summer. Bode’s piece on “Crider’s” [Obs. Jan. 24 ’64] brought sharply to mind what that place was, and I suppose is like even tonight in the summer when you can mark it from afar by the isolated glow of its lights, and tell when it’s closed down for the night by the clouds of dust from the departing cars circling out over the twisting roads. Call it “local color” writing as my creating writing teacher at Texas Woman’s University did, or what-have you. All I know is that these pieces capture the Texas I. know, and it’s a pleasure to read some words that are written true and straight. Betty C. Brown, news editor, Popular Photography, One Park Ave., New York 16, N.Y.
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