A Communication non-duplication condition from which TV Cable was seeking a release: “We request that you state whether the condition . . . is needed by Station KTBCTV in order to serve the public interest. If you believe that some lesser protection is appropriate, please state exactly the terms of protection, if any, you think necessary or desirable in the public interest.” Waple also wrote that “the Commission requires full information concerning your efforts, if any, to obtain whatever protection you deem desirable from Capital Cable Co.” For the Texas Broadcasting Corp.the name having been changed back from the LBJ Co.J. C. Kellam, president, replied that KTBC-TV “seeks the same protection afforded to all other television stations similarly situated” and did not favor an exception for Austin. He said that KTBC was not represented among the officers or directors of Capital Cable, and that “on several occasions” when KTBC requested Capital Cable to delay showing programs broadcast on KTBC, “they have been unwilling to do so.” On Dec. 9 the FCC refused TV cable the exception to the condition TV Cable says is an unfair restraint on its business. In its appeal from this decision Jan. 10, TV Cable told the FCC that its three letters to KTBC and KTBC’s responses were “quite an amazing study in contrast,” with “a serious question” turning into a request for KTBC’s opinion on what would “serve the public interest.” “Although we do not imply that . . . the commission is delegating its decision-making process to an interested party, we do observe that the procedure followed here is somewhat novel in our experience,” TV Cable to FCC. TV Cable quoted FCC its own rules classifying an option to buy, such as KTBC has against 50% of Capital Cable’s stock, under “ownership or control.” TV Cable contended that the option amounted to at least negative control over Capital Cable’s business. TV Cable found it “astonishing” that the FCC had made determinations “involving the substantial rights of parties clearly having adverse interests principally upon the self-serving, conclusionary statements of an interested party.” When, on Jan. 31 of this year, Capital Cable mailed to the FCC its opposition to TV Cable’s application for the waiver, contending that TV Cable was seeking competitive advantage, pure and simple, the brief was signed, “Moses, McClellan, Arnold, Owen & McDermott, By: C. Hamilton Moses.” Campbell says that he has all of his capital tied up in his Austin venture. “I’m not a politician,” he says. “I’ve tried not to be but it’s becoming difficult.” R.D. EUR OPE An unregimented trip stressing individual freedom. Low cost yet covers all the usual plus places other tours miss. Unless the standard tour is a “must” for you, discover this unique tour before you go to Europe. EUROPE SUMMER TOURS 255 Sequoia, Dept. JPasadena, California New Orleans Articles have appeared recently in the New Republic, Reporter, National Guardian, and the Texas Observer pointing out certain contradictions in the evidence associating Lee Harvey Oswald with President Kennedy’s death. None of these articles, or anything else I have read, have noted that Oswald’s actions, before and after the crime, do not easily fit into the pattern of either of the two traditional forms of political assassination. One type of assassination arises out of a comparatively well-ordered conspiracy. The assassins, or assassin, are associated with an organization, often a sizable organization, and the assassination is planned with care and in collaboration with others. The method may vary from a group slaying to a single act of violence, but invariably the assassins attempt to disguise themselves and seek a means of escape. The French OAS, the communists \(e.g. the assassinaciety in Japan have all engaged in political assassinations in this manner. Oswald, if we presume he was guilty, did attempt to escape; he had a tenuous connection with communism, and from certain evidence he appears to have planned the assassination, though not with much care. On the other hand Oswald, from all evidence turned up and from what we know of his personality and career, was never part of any conspiracy. He was, quite simply, a loner. The second type of political assassination, and the one most common, is an attentat. There is no exact translation for this German word, but roughly speaking it means to call attention to an injustice by an act of violence, frequently political assassination. It is, as the anarchists put it, “propaganda of the deed.” The classic statement of attentat in English is found in Alexander Berkman’s Prison Memoirs of an Anarchist. Berkman, who attempted to shoot Henry Clay Frick during the Homestead strike, contended that “murder and attentat are . . . opposite terms. To remove a tyrant is an act of lib Group Subscriptions A message for the special attention of liberal groups or union locals: Subscriptions to the Observer can be bought by groups at a cost of $4 a year, provided ten or more subscrip tions are entered at one time. If you belong to a group that might be in terested in this, perhaps you will want to take the matter up with the others. eration, the giving of life an opportunity to an oppressed people.” The individual who commits attentat makes no effort to escape; if he is killed at the scene he has died “for a grand, a sublime Cause”; if he survives then his public prosecution allows him to proclaim the nature of his act and the principles of his ideology. Though none of the men who assassinated or attempted to assassinate American presidents were as articulate, or probably as sane, as Berkman, all of them were engaged in attentat. They acted individually \(Booth’s wild associates could hardly be considered part of a well-oiled conspiracy, and they had no connection they all announced that they were acting as agents for a higher CauseGod \(true even to quote Berkman, “the conviction which excludes all doubt, all regret. . . .” Oswald apparently acted alone. Though not insane, as were the men who attempted to assassinate Jackson and the two Roosevelts, he appears to have been an anomie individual, undoubtedly compulsive, which fits the usual personality type associated with other assassins guilty of attentat. Oswald’s “cause” might be considered his murky form of Marxism, though there is no evidence that he ever viewed himself as an agent of that cause other than his abortive attempt to hand out Fair Play for Cuba Committee leaflets in New Orleans. His attempt to escape and his insistence that he was innocent, that he did not shoot President Kennedy, is not at all typical of the attentat type of assassin. If he had been interested in publicly calling attention to an injusticesymbolized by the Presidentand in propagating his cause, he would have had an opportunity greater than any assassin in world history. His every word would have found its way into millions of homes;’ instead he pleaded not guilty. The fact that Oswald was not in the tradition of the typical conspirator-assassin or attentat-assassin does not of course mean that he was necessarily innocent of killing John F. Kennedy. It does seem to imply, however, that if he was guilty his motivation stemmed from a personal, deep February 21, 1964 15 Dr. Louis E. Buck Veterinarian House Call Practice GR 2-5879 House Call Fee No More Than Office Call Fee
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