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Senator Goldwater said. “That hasn’t been true, and we’ve been in a conflict since the end of World War II, and will be.” He closed his talk here with a pep talk for patriotism he delivered ad lib with considerable feeling. We must, he said, revive “the feelings of patriotism . . . It’s a tear in the eye, it’s a tug on the heart, it’s a flag going by. We need it. We need it badly. We are a young countryyet many people are willing to give up the ghostsay that we are now willing to live with the enemy that has sworn to bury us. Love of country is super ceded only by love of God, and comes in front of love of family.” Closing, he said we must be “dedicated to the idea that we would rather be free men than slave dogs.” The officers and their ladies, who had interrupted him 18 times with applause, then rose and gave him an intense ovation. R.D. Americanism in the Schools ‘ Negro, but the whites in many instances have beefs.” AT THE AIRPORT Goldwater’s gentlemanly manner quickly turned to anger when the question of the wheat sale to Russia was brought up. He deplored the U.S. getting Russia “out of a pickle” and said with an angry frown, “Let ’em fall apart.” If they won’t make concessions in Cuba or Berlin for the wheat, he said later to reporters, “tell them to go to hell!we won’t sell them the wheat.” He saw no difference between selling wheat to Russia and to China, because “they’re both our enemies.” In the text of his speech, he said the Bosch government in the Dominican Republic, which the Administration has supported as a democratic hope, had been “smashed altogether by military leaders who saw communism, not true progress, building behind the facade.” Asked if he supports the military coup against that government, he replied: “I try to be very practical about these military juntas in South America. . .. I don’t look on these military juntas as a great evil, as the White House views them. For example, I would a damn sight rather have Batista in Cuba than Castro.” Kennedy’s foreign policy, Goldwater told the retired officers, is the most disastrous in U.S. history”four fruitless years of floundering foreign policy.” The Administration, he said, has split the NATO alliance, put the Congo back 50 years, subsidized tyranny in Ghana, and caused a creeping communist takeover in Laos, something “not much better” in Vietnam, complacency in India, and Pakistan’s “dealing with the dragon.” “Cuba ticks like a time bomb, awaiting either the heroism of others or another moment of political expediency,” he said. Under the Alliance for Progress, he charged; “social progress has become the progress of socialism.” Taking Bolivia as a Kennedy showcase country, he said its ideology is “very basic marxism” and that when it was “handpicked as the answer for Latin-America,” it had nationalized 70% of the means of production, including the tin mines. He rejected the idea of “peaceful coexistence with our enemies.” The Observer man asked him what he might wish to say on the subject generally designated as “the horrors of nuclear war.” The senator responded; “An all-out nuclear war would be a horrible thing, but I don’t think it’s any more horrible than any modern war would be. A nuclear war would kill more people right away, while a conventional war would go on longer,” and be just about as bad, he said. The prolonged bombing of Tokyo killed more people than the atomic bombs; “We forget that we have modern conventional weapons that are pretty powerful, too,” he said. “I think there’s been a boogeyman in the minds of people, that anytime we get tough any place, there will be a nuclear war,” 6 The Texas Observer Austin Entering its eleventh year, the privately-financed drive to teach economic conservatism as Americanism in Texas public schools is reaching a zenith this year. Texas Education Cmsr. J. W. Edgar went further in endorsing Americanism teaching in the public schools and the associated privately financed organizations that spawn it in Texas than he ever has before during a meeting in Waco last month. Speaking to the executive committee of one of the regional Americanism-in-theschools groups, Edgar was reported by the Dallas News as saying that there is a statewide “bubbling ferment of localized action” for school systems to guarantee that every youth have a clear understanding of “the concept and heritage of American freedom,” and that the demand is being met by regional school-based study projects. Speaking to representatives of public schools in nine counties and of Baylor University, he said that the Hill Country Americanism project around Lampasas proved the value of the regional approach and “virtually mandated a positive approach to the teaching of Americanism.” He praised the Heart 0′ Texas group’s recent circulation of a questionnaire to determine “what every young American should know.” Reviewing the nature of the “regional project approach” to this subject, Edgar the Dallas News reportedspecified that it involves the support of the project by a philanthropic foundation or organization. A good example of one, he said, is the Texas Bureau for Economic Understanding -of Dallas. The program of the annual convention of the Texas Assn. of School Administrators and the Texas Assn. of School Boards in Austin late last month included, \(among such topics as “Modern Mathematics,” “The DropoutWhat Can Be Done,” and “Teaching Americanism vs. Communism.” The panel participants were public school officials from Midland, Longview, Austin, and Dickinson. About 350 school teachers from the public schools of ten counties attended the program of “The Cen-Tex Study of America’s Heritage” in Lampasas Sept. 30. The speaker was C. L. Kay, vice president for public service of Lubbock Christian College, a private school. Kay, like many speakers in this program, has been honored by the Freedom Foundation at Valley Forge, also a private organization. Guests were served a free mealsteak, potatoes, beans, tossed salad, bread, drinks, and a good cobbler pie. The banquet was held in the high school in Lampasas. The next day a meeting was held for some 350 students from the public schools of the same counties, again complete with dinner and a lecture. The printed program for the teachers’ evening with Mr. Kay said that “the educators who participate in the Cen-Tex Study of America’s Heritage . . . desire to wage deliberate, effective, ideological, classroom warfare against Communism at every grade level” and “To develop an American Heritage project in our schools so dynamic that it will cause the general public to intensify its action in perpetuating America’s foundations of freedom.” The program stated that the Cen-Tex study was launched in the spring of 1953 as the Hill Country Project in Economic Understanding “under the sponsorship of the Texas Bureau for Economic Understanding and with the cooperation of the Texas Education Agency, Texas Christian University, Baylor University, Southern Methodist University, the University of Texas, Southwest Texas State Teachers’ College, and Southwestern University.” Observer readers know from previous accounts that the Texas Bureau for Economic Understanding is financed by private business sources. The Texas Education Agency is the official state agency that supervises the state’s involvement in public education in Texas. Some of the schools listed , are public-supported colleges, of course. In the past much of the money for these free banquets and conservatism-and-patriotism speeches has come from another private organization, the Texas Educational Assn. of Fort Worth. The T.B.E.U.-Texas Educational Assn. team-up is still in force; the Lampasas program says that the CenTex Study was put on “with a generous grant of funds from the Texas Educational Assn. of Fort Worth.” The same eight “foundations of freedom” which have been pushed throughout these seminars in the public schoolsincluding “the profit motive,” “private ownership of property,” and the one with the most ideological content, “government as protector, not provider”are printed on the back of