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A Communication stock production in Texas annually and the $3.76 billion value of oil and gas liquid production in Texas per year. “Furthermore,” he said, “the federal monies paid in Texas for the most part stay in Texas, while most of the oil and gas produced in Texas is owned outside of the state and the value of most of the oil and as leaves the state in pursuit of its owners.” The situation is caused primarily by the fact, Yarborough said, that Texas per capita annual income, $1,993 per person in 1961, was $266 below the national average, making Texas 30th among the states in this respect. In addition Texas has a large number of military training installations, and highway costs are high because the state is so big. In 1962, he said, local and state governments received $384 million federal aid ; individuals, $116 million; civilians and military people in federal employ, $1.385 billion; aged benefit recipients, $512 million; veterans, $341 million; military prime contract awardees, $1.006 billion ; and others, half a billion dollars. “In short, fellow Texans,” Yarborough said, “for every $1 Texans pay into the federal treasury, there is paid back by the federal treasury to Texas one dollar and a dime. You get mail, weather reports, and a multitude of other federal services every day. And in addition, fellow Texans, Texas is getting military protection from the armed forces of the United States, deployed in nearly a hundred free allied nations around the world where they are arrayed against the communist iron curtain. “How much more can you expect from the federal government for a dollar?” O THER DEVELOPMENTS in Washington this spring and summer : Cong. Henry Gonzalez, San Antonio, led the successful House fight to abolish the bracero program. Sources in Mexico protested this event’s deleterious effects on Mexico’s unemployment and economy. An increase in wetbacks was looked for. Spokesmen of native Latin-American political organizations hailed the program’s abolition as beneficial to U.S. migrant workers. Henry LeBlanc of the Texas employment commission said the results will not be uniform in Texas because the bracero agreements kept Texas farm workers’ wages up. Sen. Yarborough’s Cold War G.I. bill of rights for education received favorable committee report and 38. Senate co-sponsors. Texas oilmen joined protests of a House committee’s plan to raise their taxes, although not by lowering their depletion allowance. Texans in the House voted 14-9 in favor of raising the national debt limit to $309 billion. Cong. Gonzalez and Bruce Alger, Dallas, voted together with just 38 other congressmen against giving the secretary of defense power to fire any employee of the secret national security agency without a hearing. Cong. Jim Wright, Fort Worth, offered a bill to punish persons who defraud the government in connection with the federal highway program. It is about a year since the death of C. Wright Mills, sociology professor, writer, Texan. Author of eleven books in which he brilliantly illumines our society with the glare of his Sociological Imagination, 1959, he is best remembered for his The Power Elite, 1956, and White Collar, 1951. A simple enumeration of his other titles is impressive: The Marxists, 1962; Listen Yankee, 1960; Images of Man, 1960; The Causes of World War Three, 1958; Character and Social Structure, 1953; The Puerto Rican Journey, 1950; New Men of Power, 1948; Essays in Sociology, 1946. Re-reading them now reminds one painfully that we lost this manthis mind at age 46. Born near Denton, Texas, he attended North Dallas high school, the University of Texas, the University of Wisconsin, and Columbia, where he taught for several The writer and family live on their farm near Marshall, on which they raise cattle, cotton, corn, and crimson clover. His background includes art studies in San Miguel de Allende, union organizing with furniture workers in Dallas, and running a pool hall in Carthage.Ed. years. He also lectured at the William A. White Institute of Psychiatry. A dissenter, a voice from the wilderness of non-communist leftism, self-described as a “somewhat angry sociologist,” his indictment of fellow academicians was increasingly sharp. In return he was charged with having moved from scholarship to propaganda. Mills’ retort was, “I have tried to be objective. I do not claim to be detached.” A few paragraphs from The Sociological Imagination point up both the sweep and thrust of his writing: “Surely this is the paradox of our immediate situation: The facts about the newer means of history-making are a signal that men are not necessarily in the grip of fate, that man CAN now make history. But this fact is made ironic by the further fact that just now those ideologies which offer men the hope of making history have declined and are collapsing in the Western societies. That collapse is also the collapse of the expectation of the Enlightenment, that reason and freedom would come to prevail as paramount forces in human history. And behind it there is July 12, 1963 13 AMERICAN INCOME LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY OF INDIANA Underwriters of the American Income Labor Disability Policy Executive Offices: P. 0. Box 208 Waco, Texas Bernard Rapoport, President