Roger Shattuck suppressed, and we are supposed to do the same for our European and South American tours, even though these moments sometimes supply an element of true suspense. Furthermore, as well as censoring the humiliations, our memory-editing invariably eliminates the hours spent on the dead level of boredom and waiting. The bloated helpless feeling between meals on the boat, the rainy days spent stagnating in a hotel room, and the delightful half-days devoted to waiting for customs inspectorsthese interludes constitute the real substance of travel, its steady companionship. Yet it is all edited out. FOR OUR STERILIZED national memory, let me recall then that travel consists of a series of dilemmas, all of which any traveler could illustrate with dozens of personal reminiscences. In the process of recall, however, they become colorful, oh so amusing. First there is the dilemma of where to go. No one could stand to visit a place where no one else goes \(read: “where no other and no one wants to go where everyone else goes. Yet no intermediate class of place exists, least of all the legendary “discovery,” a spot that will be in fashion next year. The universal wish for paradise dies hard, yet wherever one winds up, the place is fatally deserted or overcrowded. The problem of arrangements presents a similar dilemma without solution : either to have all arrangements made in advance, or to travel by Brownian movementthat is, alternating like a free particle between drift and violent ricochet. Either way you end up cursing yourself. And the list continues. Money, and its nagging spectre in the shape of tipping, lead to two possibilities only: one may rashly overspend and develop a dangerous numbness to the volatility of foreign currency, or one may be far too careful with one’s money and miss all the worthwhile December 13, 1962 7 I Hard-headed as they like to consider themselves, Americans \(U.S. goods. We ask only that it not come too often, and at a modest price. This is a likable trait after all. I do not think we can maintain that Ouija boards, vitamin pills, and hula-hoops have done any lasting damage to the sinews of our country. But since the second world war the art of hoodwinking has been raised to a new and dangerous level. The sanity and selfrespect of the country are at stake in one of the greatest hoaxes perpetrated on a gullible public since the wooden horse. We have allowed ourselves to be convinced that travel is both fun and good medicine. The thought is appalling. For Ulysses and Marco Polo, for Montaigne and Laurence Sterne, for Lewis and Clark, travel was a regorous education, a delicate mission, and a fine art. Travelers were men unencumbered by families and possessions and frankly in search of adventure. Today the travel agents cater to the whole family, babies and pets included. Apparently we should interpret as adventure the uncertainties surrounding food ordered from menus in strange languages, or the moment of truth when one discovers the baggage never did make the train. It should not be necessary to recall the trials and tribulations of travel to anyone who has been through them, yet it obviously is. We have a trick of allowing our memories to become conditioned, selective, like the middle-aged veteran who thinks the army was a swell time. The process resembles what is called in the movies “cutting,” or more politely, “editing.” We edit out all the nasty spots, just as ever hero or villain in that magic film fraternity can always produce instantly and without fumbling the necessary coin for the bell boy, the exact change for the taxi driver or the waiter. The shameful little moments of personal insufficiency are manent registration laws.” West Virginia, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Nevada, Tennessee, Rhode Island, Louisiana, and New York had followed suit by 1954. According to the league, permanent registration eliminates the need for frequent re-registration of voters, makes it easy for voters to transfer their registration when they move, lets them register at any time of the year, “results in a maximum registration” and “tends to increase the percentage of qualified voters who vote,” costs “substantially less” than periodic systems, and “is usually more effective than periodic registration in safeguarding against voter frauds because provision is made for purging the lists of the names of voters who have died or moved away [or] who persistently fail to vote, and [provision is made] for identification of the voter by means of his signature at the polls.” The league cited evidence illustrating the obvious fact that, compared with permanent registration, the requirement for annual re-registration advocated by the Texas election reform committee discourages people from voting. However, the league also took note of the contention, \(advanced by Turrentine, incidentally, at otic citizens who value the right to vote will register when a new registration is required and those who fail to do so have no legitimate grievance.” The league said that the number of new registrations each year under the permanent system “averages for most cities less than one-tenth of the total registrations” and that it is a lot cheaper to prepare poll lists under a permanent system, because special records equipment can be used more readily than with periodic registration. Although house-to-house checking of registrations and systematic purging of lists cause costs peculiar to permanent registration, the league’s conclusion that permanent is cheaper than annual registration was unqualified. According to C. E. Smith’s Voting and Election laws, published in 1960, permanent registration systems have continued to replace the periodic systems, although 14 states still retain renewable registration for certain areas. As of 1960, 34 states had adopted permanent registration. R.D.
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