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It happened IN YEARS ago The oldest incorporated trade association in the country, the United States Brewers Association, was organized in 1862 .. the same year that IN TEXAS .. a new governor, Francis Richard Lubbock, guided a bankrupt state through that bitter Civil War year. Cotton, exported through Mexico, brought desperately needed foreign gold. Homefront industries were established. Comforts were few, but morale stayed high .. and there was good Texas beer, enjoyed then as now. For then, as now, beer was the traditional beverage of moderationlight, sparkling refreshment that adds a touch of Southwestern hospitality to any occasion. Texans have always enjoyed the good fellowship that goes with every glass. TODAY, in its centennial year, the United States Brewers Association still works constantly to assure maintenance of high standards of quality and propriety wherever beer and ale are served. Texas Division UNITED STATES BREWERS ASSOCIATION, INC. Austin TRANSFER FROM WASHINGTON San Antonio Protest JOHN BIRCHERS SCHEDULED Civic Program in Austin SAN ANTONIO The refusal of a number of Negro Air Force employees in Washington, D.C., to move to San Antonio as part of a computer system transfer prompted the president of the Bexar NAACP this week to criticize the city for not ending racial discrimination. This failure, NAACP official Harry Burns said, “is not only retarding moral progress, but is also retarding economic progress for the city. That which is morally right is economically right.” Rev. William Black Jr., another Negro leader, said on the proposed transfer of some 750 civilian workers to Randolph Field, “I would personally like to have the Washington group here, since they are so definitely opposed to segregation. “They probably would be a big help to us,” Black told the Express-News, “and I’d like to have them down here to help in the fight.” But the move, he said, “would be a hardship for them and their children because of segregation policies in the Lone Star State. “It is true that San Antonio may be more advanced in certain areas of race relatIons than some other Texas and Southern cities,” Burns said, “hut there is still a great deal more that should be accomplished in order for every citizen to he regarded as a first-class citizen. “San Antonio must face the fact that it is still a segregated city. And that as a city that attracts and depends upon its military installations, it must seek to correct these short THE TEXAS OBSERVER Page 2 October 19, 1962 comings.” Racial discrimination still exists, Burns said, in federal civil service and other jobs in the city. “The most qualified school teachers,” he said, “are not employed regardless of race. Housing is a serious problem confronting Negroes in San Antonio because of the racial pattern.” The mother whose children were plaintiffs in the original suit to force school integration in San Antonio said, “By no means do we have an integrated city. We don’t have Negro teachers in the predominately white schools, nor do we have Negro clerks in the larger stores.” She had praise, however, for local school officials in swiftly complying with the 1954 Supreme Court decision. Mayor W. W. McAllister took a different view. “I can understand their reluctance to leave Washington,” he said, “but I will say that San Antonio has certainly had no integration problems at all. Segregation is virtually nonexistent. I don’t think anybody can raise a justifiable complaint along this line.” Cong. Henry Gonzalez has scheduled a meeting November 13 with a number of the protesting employees concerning their objections. Here are brief profiles of Clarence Manion and Tom Anderson, two of the five speakers scheduled by the Austin Americanism Committee: MANION: Former Dean of College of Law at Notre Dame where he spent 25 years. Left Notre Dame in 1952 and in 1953 was appointed chairman by President Eisenhower of the Commission of Inter-Government Relations. After he publicly supported the Bricker Amendment and stated on TV that the TVA should be sold to private enterprise, Eisenhower asked for Manion’s resignation in February of 1954. members of the Austin Anti Communism League, who are selling tickets, say the response from civic clubs has been light. The president of one club which received tickets told the Observer her organization would have abso lutely nothing to do with the affairs, saying she was aware of the views of some of the speakers. The Travis High School band will play patriotic music as a prelude to Manion’s speech, although the band members are not required to stay for the program. Irby Carruth, superintendent of Austin Public Schools, said that it was common for school bands to play at a function, “if the city or state requests it.” The decision to let the Travis band play was made at the last meeting of the school board, Carruth said. As he understood it, the request was made by the AAC, which was represented by Jack Sucke, president of the Austin Anti-Communism League, who is well-known for his political activities here. ‘Non-Political’ Two of the main ticket-selling sites are the American Freedom Book Store at 3rd and Brazos Streets, which is a subsidiary of the Austin Anti-Communism League, and Business Aids. The former stocks Birch Society literature, and the latter handles pamphlets distributed by the secre * Member, National Council, John Birch Society. His broadcasts, called the “Manion Forum,” are recommended by Robert Welch. Originator and active promoter of Committee for Equal Anti Trust Protection, an anti-labor or ganization. National Advisory Committee member of Billy James Hargis’ Christian Crusade. Sponsor, American Committee for Aid to Katanga Freedom Fighters. Author of two books, The Key to Peace, and Let’s Face It, both on the Birch Society list of approved books. ANDERSON: Owner and publisher of Farm and Ranch magazine. Member, National Council, John Birch Society, and one of the five judges for the society’s essay contest on “Grounds for the Impeachment of Earl Warren.” Co-chairman for Tennessee of drive to repeal the federal income tax organized by the National Committee for Economic Freedom. Member, National Advisory Committee, Christian Crusade. Spoke at National Indignation Convention in Dallas last November. In an editorial in October, 1960, called the National Council of Churches “The National Council of Judases”; charges that communism has infiltrated t h e churches. He advocates severing all diplomatic ties with communiest countries, opposes obligatory integration of the schools, holds that next to the communists, the UN is our greatest enemy; and that the American press, radio, and tele vision industries are largely communist-controlled. tary-treasurer of the Anti-Communism League, Miss Ella Hancock. Typical of these pamphlets is one which begins: “Wanted! Earl Warrenfor impeachment . . . for giving aid and comfort to the communist conspiracy . . .” Another tract begins, “Kennedy’s Death Trap for the U.S.! ! !” A third one, entitled “Rights for Whites,” is a strong anti-Negro statement. From the facts so far obtained, there is some association between the AAC and the Anti-Communism League, although several members of the first organization seem to be unaware of it, and Sucke, the president of the latter, categorically denies a definite connection. Both Sucke and Glass admit that some members of the AAC are members of the League as well. Glass says the two cooperate. “The AAC just doesn’t want to be ‘anti’ anything. We want to be pro-American,” he explained. The committee, he argued, is absolutely non-partisan and non-political. “It’s not liberal or conservative,” he said. “We merely try to help people gain an understanding of democracy.” Glass, who was mayor from 1949-51, and a city council member from 1946-51, is the owner of Ice Cream Specialties Incorporated. Moderately conservative, he is against “disrespectful” abuse of office holders \(“I don’t like to hear people call either Ike or Kenmoderation on racial issues. When asked if he knew that Manion and Anderson were on the Birch council, he replied: “I don’t believe it!” Later he said, “Well, these speakers may be wrong or right. I don’t know. I hope they’re right. But we will accept anyone who speaks on Americanism.” It is not clear who was responsible for choosing the speakers. Glass said he had discussed the matter with Sucke. John Buckley, co-chairman of the committee and operation ‘manager of radio station KOKE, says he has been out of town so frequently that he doesn’t know who made the selection. Nor did any of the committee members contacted by the Observer know; they hadn’t attended a committee meeting. Not A Member A clue to who helped in the selection was given by Sucke. He denied that the Anti-Communism League had any connection whatsoever with the AAC, except in selling tickets, “like other Austin civic organizations.” Sucke himself is not a member of the AAC. “You are trying to sabotage our movement,” he told the Observer, “by trying to find a connection between the League and the AAC.” He added that “one or two” members of the League were on the committee. “General Wessels is one \(Brig. Gen. T. F. Wessels, the others,” he said. Asked if he had appeared before the school board to request use of the band, on behalf of the committee, he said, “Nobody appeared before the board.” He explained that last year the League had used a high school band’ for a rally. “I was helping Mr. Glass get the Americanism program arranged. Since I made contact to get the band last year, I offered to talk to Mr. Weldon Covington, \(supervisor of band directors in didn’t have to take it to the school board, but Mr. Carruth told me I would this year. Apparently they discussed it in the school board meeting a long timeit was in the paper. The Austin American said I was the chairman of the Americanism Committee. That’s all wrong. I’m not even a member.” Did he have anything to do with the selection of speakers? “No. Well, yes, I discussed them with Mr. Glass tl Did he them? “No.” Sucke said he did not know Manion and. Anderson were John Birchers. He accused the Observer of trying to sabotage “our movement.” “Are you for Americanism?” he asked. If Sucke was ignorant of the two men’s Birch affiliations, the secretary-treasurer of the League, Miss Hancock, was not. She acknowledged that they were members, and went to some length to defend the Birch Society. Mayor Palmer, contacted by the Observer, expressed surprise upon hearing that Manion and Anderson were Birchers. His first reaction, like that of Glass, was incredulity. He said he had proclaimed Austin Americanism Week at the behest of Glass. Explaining his policy for granting such requests, Palmer said, “You’ve got to look at the men behind the request, and where possible, at their program. I’m a friend of Glass, and his committee was composed of respectable people, and I saw no reason for not granting their request.” As concerns the speakers, he said, “I had only heard of one of them. That was Manion. I had heard him some years back; I knew he was formerly dean of the Notre Dame Law School, and I saw nothing wrong with his speaking here.” As an aside, Palmer said that due to the number of requests for proclamations and special observances, it was difficult for him to make a detailed study of the background for such requests. Garrison Listed Homer Garrison Jr., Director of the Texas Department of Public Safety, -whose name appears on the Americanism Committee’s letterhead, said that he was not a member, and that his name had been used without his permission. “Some people had talked to me about it,” he said, “but I never consented to join.” Brig. Gen. Tom S. Bishop, also a member, said he had never attended a meeting of the committee. He had nothing to do with the selection of speakers. A friend had simply called him and asked him to join. He said he had been assured that the committee was not extremist, that it was “nonpolitical and non-partisan.” He said he was going to check further into the committee’s background. Rev. David Sieberg, pastor of Ascension Lutheran Church, and a committee member, said he had had nothing to do with the selection of speakers, but that he was looking forward to hearing Manion. Would the fact that Manion is a Bircher have an affect on his attitude toward the committee? “No, I don’t think so,” he said. Among the other members of the committee are Charles Sandahl, member of the Texas House of Representatives, and T. 0. Lang, sheriff of Travis County. Neither was available for comment Wednesday night. C.D. Two Backgrounds