Page 8


Ralph and Russell WASHINGTON Ralph Yarborough, the senio senator from Texas, put himself on record for Huey Long, the Kingfisher, during an aside in the languorous wrangling on space satellite communications here. Sen. Russell Long of Louisiana, a son of Huey’s, is on Yarboough’s side on the space issue. Yarborough had just commended Sen. Maurine Neuberger of Washington for her part in the opposition to the bill. Long rose to join Yarborough in this. Responding, Yarborough said: “The junior senator from now the chieftain of this great clan of fighters for the people of Louisiana. It is a happy privilege to be fighting shoulder to shoulder with him. . . . “We have always found the Long family on the side of the people; whether it was his father, his mother, his uncle, or other members of the family. “The dramatic methods of campaigning they used -and they were novel, for the Long family originated new methods of campaigning for the American peoplecaught the public attention, but one thing stands out above all others, as I know, since I come from a neighboring state; that is. they were always on the side of the people. I take my hat off to him. “The school teachers get more pay in the state of Louisiana than they get in my state. They are better paid because of the efforts of the Long family. “Old age pensioners draw better checks, higher per capita and higher per month and per year. in Louisiana than they get in my state. The Long family leadership provided that,” Yarborough observed. Protection Sat/Trigs Retirement City, State Send $5.10 to: THE TEXAS OBSERVER 504 West 24th St., Austin, Texas Cox Sets Up Shop AUSTIN Full of optimism and determination, the Jack Cox for Governor movement shifted into high gear Monday, with the formal opening of Cox’s state campaign headquarters at 1908 Guadalupe in Austin. Although there was never an overflow crowd during the event, which lasted from 7:30 until 9 p.m., the ample office space was fairly well packed by 8:30, and people came and went freely, so that the over-all attendance was well above the office’s capacity. Cox made no speeches, outlined no strategy, evoked no cheers or campaign songs. The event was clearly intended as a hand-shaking, coffee-drinking gettogether, and as such, was successful. It included a large number of GOP hopefuls for November, as well as well-wishers from Austin and other areas of the state. Asked about recent assertions by various Texas dailies that his forces were over-confident, Cox told the Observer: “Some people may be over-confident, but I’m not. I’ve been working hard lately, and I plan to continue.” One of his aides said he was leaving Austin that night, and had ten stops ahead of him the next day on the campaign trail. The prevailing spirit of the event seemed more one of zeal than overconfidence. Mrs. Edward Hill, GOP district committeewoman from San Antonio, predicted that Cox efforts in her city would constitute “the most intensive door-to-door campaign ever coordinated in Bexar County.” October, she said, was slated as “Canvass for Cox Month” there. And she was returning early from the opening to attend an area meeting “to get San Antonio precincts in shape.” Jim Dobbs, running for a congressional seat. against Homer Thornberry of Austin, expressed a favorite GOP hope that his party would gain a large vote from Texans discontent with one-party politics. “I’ve been in all the towns of the district.,” he said. “and I’ve talked with folks on every economic level, of every color. There was a very warm reception to the notion that there should be a two-party struggle.” Phil Youngblood, a House candidate, said that the party had received much encouragement since the run-offs from Democrats and independents. He said he is running on his experience as an Austin businessman. “The financial affairs of Texas are big business. We need businessmen to run our state,” he said. Young persons showed up in large numbers. One of them, Clois Bennet, a technician at Brackenridge Hospital in Austin, was proudly pointed out by Marian Findlay, Travis County GOP chairman, for having saved about $90 in nickels, dimes, and quarters in a gallon milk bottle, which he was turning over for campaign funds. Headquarters decorations for the evening were mild by Texas political standardsa reminder that the Republicans are emphasizing responsibility and sobriety in their public profile. There were the stock red, white, and blue crepe paper miniature elephants, -the hostesses in red “campaign costumes,” but the carnival atmosphere was absent. The adumbration of the struggle in the coming weeks with John Connally seemed already in the air. Space Filibuster senators of this letter he had received from Maury Maverick Jr. of San Antonio: “My old Father stood on a high bluff alongside of George Norris when Franklin Roosevelt pointed to TVA and thanked Mr. Norris. The great senator from Nebraska wept that day. “Now we Democrats are going against our heritage with the satellite bill. “Keep on fighting that give away in the sky.” In a statement on the Senate floor last Friday, Yarborough noted that the Hughes Aircraft Co. in Los Angeles is working on a space communications system that might render the AT&T Telstar program obsolete and said this was another reason against giving the program to a private corporation, “becaUse at this point it is not known what competing industry will develop the best system.” of religious observances among the students. A sampling of Texas school boards made recently by Donald G. Nugent, executive director of the Texas Association of School Boards, showed, he said. that “these people think the recent decision does not affect local policies on prayer.” According to Nugent, the local boards’ decision rests upon the assumption that the Supreme Court’s ruling applies only to state-prescribed prayers in public schools. If such is the case, religious services prescribed by a local school board, or a principal or teacher, would still be legally permissible. Two cases are now before the courts which will test this assumed distinction. Nugent’s sampling consisted of 15 boards which he feels are geographically representative. “The opinion I have received from them is that until two cases now pending go through the courts, they will not do anything.” he said. The issue now having been placed in Wilson’s lap, it is possible although not certain that his decision will figure more importantly on the Texas scene than THE TEXAS OBSERVER Page 2 August 17, 1962 HUGH M. RAUPE Commercial Standard Xile FORT WORTH PE 8-2151 WILSON QUERIED will the outcome of the two pending cases. The cases, about which the American Civil Liberties Union is now appealing to the U.S. Supreme Court for clarification, involve school boards in Dade County, Florida, and Abingdon Township, Pennsylvania. The Florida supreme court has recently upheld the Dade County board’s policy of recitation of the Lord’s Prayer, Bible reading, and saying grace at school lunches, said Nugent. However, a federal district court has struck down the Pennsylvania board’s similar program, he said. The Austin public schools have a policy which is common in the state. The option of whether or not to have prayer is left up to the teachers or the principals. “Participation in the prayers is voluntary,” says Irby Carruth, superintendent. “In the elementary grades grace is usually said before meals. And the children learn little short prayers, some of which are in the form of a hymn.” In the junior and senior grades religious rites usually consist of short student-led devotionals. “Our policy will remain in effect until a decision one way or the other is reached by the school board,” he said. A statement in measured, moderate tones was sent to Carruth, Austin school board members, and the Austin American-Statesman last week by the board of directors of the Central Texas affiliate of the American Civil Liberties Union, urging that devotional services be removed from the schools. The statement, entitled “A Re port to the Community,” said, in part: “. . . to teach what religion is and has been, is not to preach any more than to say what religion means is to pray reli giously. Each has its place. The public place for teaching is the public school. The place for preaching is the church. The place for praying is the church, too, and the home, and the heart.” Side Issue In another situation involving the question of public funds being spent for religious purposes, Will Wilson has counselled against the use of county funds for a proposed hospital chapel. A bond issue was voted last year in Calhoun County to enlarge the size of Calhoun Memorial Hospital in Port Lavaca. The original plans for expansion included a chapel for family use and ministerial services. Plans for the chapel were later discarded due to lack of funds. When the Ministerial Alliance of Calhoun County tried to have the plans for the chapel reinstated, the question was raised concerning the constitutionality of using county funds for the religious structure. Jack Fields, Lavaca County ‘attorney, submitted the question to Wilson, who wrote Fields on July 31: “The Commissioners Court of Calhoun County may not expend tax funds for the construction and maintenance of a chapel in connection with a county hospital. Such expenditure would be in violation of Section 6 of Article I of the Constitution of Texas.” The section cited specifies that “no man shall be compelled to attend, erect, or support any place of worship, or to maintain any Ministry against his consent.” Patman Probes Foundations WASHINGTON Cong. Wright , i ,Patman of Texarkana continues to wage his campaign against taxexempt foundations and charitable trusts, which he said on the floor of the House “merely lighten the burden of wealthy people who do not require government subsidy.” Beginning with a study almost a year ago of some 500 foundations, the chairman of the House Select Committee on Small Business has used the subpoena power 17 times. His report on the floor included information and statistics from the committee study. Public hearings will begin in the next three months. Patman believes a considerable amount of tax-dodging has taken place under the tax-exempt status, that American taxpayers through the foundation exemptions are in a sense subsidizing big business and giving it unfair advantages over smaller businesses, and that in many instances charitable foundations arc being used for purposes not related to charity. At the end of 1952, the Internal Revenue Service reported, there were 12,295 tax-exempt foundations and trusts in the United States. That figure in the last nine years has increased four times to 45,124. Patman said that during the nine years from 1951 to 1960, the 500 foundations surveyed by his committee took some $7 billion out of the hands of tax collectors. The vast increase in the last decade, Patman argues, has “outrun the machinery for control” and the Internal Revenue Service has been lax in its supervision. He claims “widespread disregard” of treasury regulations and argues further that in too many cases control of business enterprises is being transferred to tax-exempt foundations through stock ownership. timiammuummuimmammommaanummummuip Democrat Don Yarborough APPRECIATION DINNER Brazoria County Fair GroundsAuditorium Angleton, Texas, August 24-7:00 P.M. Mrs. Valerie Warner, Box 2425, Freeport, TexasPh. BE 3-1864 SMOMMOMMOMMOMINIMMONIMMONNONONSMINCIVIMINIMMOOMMOMMENIMMi SUBSCRIBE TO THE OBSERVER *Pernicious’Ivan the Terrible *Incorrigible’Ghengis Khan `Unrealistic’Ethelred the Unready *`Devious’General Walker . Prayer Decision Pending