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CONNALLY-YARBOROUGH Probing The Demo Primary FREEMAN REPLIES National Probe Pending On Estes Volume 54 TEXAS, May 12, 1962 15c per Copy Number 5 AUSTIN While Washington sources were saying a full-fledged national investigation into financier-operator Billie Sol Estes’ entanglements would open within a month, Justice Department and Senate investigators and Eastern journalists continued to arrive in Texas in numbers which might suggest that Estes has singlehandedly solved the problem of state tourism. The collapse of Estes’ empire, studied by a series of formal probes by Atty. Gen. Will Wilson, will be further investigated by a federal grand jury opening next week in Dallas, by Sen. Jonh Mcment operations committee, by a federal grand jury due to begin its work again in El Paso after a recess, and by a state grand jury in Amarillo. Wilson, defeated last week in his bid for the governorship, says he will devote most of his final months in office to the Estes case. His anti-trust suit against Estes will be presented to the Amarillo jury. Publicity on the set of episodes involving alleged improper influences by Estes and his associates on federal officials \(Obs., April 12, mensions in the last ten days that a rivalry may now be developing t etween state arid federal investigators. Some insiders believe the Justice Department is about to move into the case in a big way. Wilson states publically that if he had not conducted his peregrinating courts of inquiry, “this case might have been shushed up.” In mid-week developments, the Department of Agriculture, contending that Estes had transferred cotton acreage allotments illegally from farmers displaced by eminent domain in three other states, fined him more than $500,000. William Mattox, vice-chairASCS Committee, was suspended by state officials in Bryan for allegedly accepting favors from Estes. In Washington, Republican congressional leaders continued to hold strategy sessions on the forthcoming investigations, and former President Eisenhower was expected in a Thursday press conference to demand a full airing. Freeman Argues Agriculture Secretary Orville Freeman confronted some 100 reporters in a tense, 80-minute press conference in Washington last week and argued that the Estes case is “getting ballooned out of all proportions.” In Estes’ various dealings with the federal government on grain storage and cotton allotments, he said, the government has yet to lose “one thin dime.” Freeman said there have been only three instances of alleged improper influence in a department employing some 100,C00 people. \(Emery E. Jacobs, a top-level administrator, has resigned; William E. Morris, another ranking official, has been fired; a third, former assistant secretary James T. Ralph, has been accused along with Morris and Jacobs, of acThe secretary admitted that AUSTIN Jonn Connally emerged from the six-man Democratic first primary as the favorite in the June 2 run-off, but faced a series of first-week challenges from Houston liberal Don Yarborough which presage a lively and somewhat bitter showdown. Connally ran strong in most areas of the state, carried Dallas, Bexar, Tarrant, and Nueces Counties, and finished with 30 percent 422,929 votes at mid-week. He carried a broad swathe of counties down the middle of the state, from the Rio Grande to the Oklahoma border, and led heavily-populated lower Valley areas. Yarborough, who mobilized a powerful last-week drive that sent him better than 50,000 votes ahead of three-term incumbent Price Daniel, finished second with 22 percent and 312,889 votes. He substantially led the field in home county Harris, swept most of the deep East Texas area, ran ahead in the heavily industrialized Gulf region, and carried farthest-west El Paso and a scattering of West Texas counties. Holding back on much of his financial resources until the closing week, the Houston lawyer appeared on state television three times in the final days and apparently corralled thousands of undecideds. Daniel finished third with 245,394 votes \(with 218 counties corn” fourth with 168,035, Marshall Formby was fifth with 139,773, and former General Edwin Walker was sixth with 134,777. Connally, in making his first bid for political office, made cutting inroads into Negro boxes in practically every area except Houston, where Yarborough polled 68 percent in Negro-majority precincts. The former Navy secretary, running a moderate-conservative campaign with strong conservative backing, got an astounding 41,000 votes in Bexar County, and in labor stronghold Jefferson County he n e a r 1 y doubled Daniel’s vote and finished 4,000 behind Yarborough. Connally and Yarborough between them polled approximately 51 percent of the first-primary total. The other 49 percent went to candidates more conservative than Yarborough, and Connally backers reason that their candidate will take a majority of this vcte and win the run-off. They reason further that Yarborough would be more vulnerable against Cox in November. Yarborough people reply that their man will acquire a large number of run-off votes which went to other candidates from voters who thought Yarborough could not make the second primary. They count on a betterthan-ever share of Daniel’s moderate-liberal backing, good slices from Wilson and Formby’s support, a smaller turnout among Connally’s first-primary backers, some votes from conservatives who want to see the GOP’s Jack Cox face a liberal in November, and a sizeable number of antiLyndon Johnson votes. They must patch up their Negro and Latin support, they say, to win. It is generally conceded that Yarborbugh faces an uphill fight in the next three weeks. He challenged Connally this week to a series of debates patterned after the Kennedy-Nixon debates of 1960. Connally refused. Daniel, who suffered the first defeat of his long political career, strolled into the capitol press room this week and said he would take no sides in the run-off. In years past the governor has been aligned with the same elements in the state Democratic Party as Connally. He said he had no plans for the future “except to do my job for the next eight months as governor.” The First Issue Yarborough was the most active of the two contenders in the first week of the second primary campaign. He persistently challenged Connally on the debate issue, drawing support at one point from GOP gubernatorial nominee Jack Cox. He accepted free-time offers from KRLD in Dallas, KPRC and KXYZ in Houston, and several other large TV and radio stations. In declining to debate his opponent, Connally said a series of face-to-face meetings would “produce more heat than light.” Yarborough’s interest in debating, Connally said, is typical of candidates in second place. “It is a time worn device of the trailing candidate to challenge the leader in a debate,” he said. “He has nothing to lose and the leader has nothing to gain. “Frankly, I am not disposed to help my opponent draw attention to his campaign. I suggest he run his own campaign and I will continue to run mine.” The Texas Observer An Independent-Liberal Weekly Newspaper A Window to the South Liberals Gain in Texas Senate, Tarry in House * * * * Two Critical Showdowns Now in Offing * * Roberts Only Victor In Redistricted Race AUSTIN Conservatives managed to maintain a razor-thin margin in the 31-member Texas Senate May 5, but the lieutenant governor’s race and two crucial run-offs will keep the balance wavering for the next three weeks. Whatever happens between now and the January session, that traditional citadel of conservatism has taken a marked turn to the left. The major surprise of Saturday’s first primary, an upset which should go into the books as one of the big events in recent state politics, was the iinseating of the veteran conservative leader, Sen. Wardlow Lane of Center. Lane, considered with Sen. Dorsey Hardeman of San Angelo one of the two principal tacticians of the old “Ramsey team”, was defeated by Jack Strong, a Longview lawyer running with liberal support. Two June 2 run-offs, in both of which ideological lines are tightly drawn, will draw wide attention. In the Beaumont-Port Arthur dis there is between liberal Rep. Roy Harrington, who led the field, and conservative Rep. W. T. Oliver. For conservative Sen. R. A. Weinert’s vacancy in District 19, a run-off has developed between Rep. Ray Bartram of New Braunfels, a firm conservative, and Walter Richter of Gonzales, who is running with liberal support. Richter finished a strong first, but votes for a third candidate, Charity Ray of Lockhart, forced the second primary. In a chamber where key votes were decided last session by margins fluctuating between four and seven, both run-offs are patently significant. Victories in Houston and the Valley will alsobarring Republican upsets in Novemberinvolve vote changes. The battle for Senate control next timewith well-defined liberal, conservative, and middleroad blocs present and with the balance so closewill largely depend on the outcome of the runoff for lieutenant governor. Speaker James Turman, who led * * Republicans Gain Statewide Status AUSTIN More than 117,000 votes cast in 215 of the state’s 254 counties. This is the record chalked up by Texas Republicans in last Saturday’s primary election. Although it appears slim beside the million-plus vote total received by Democrats, it declares that Texas is fast becoming a two-party state. When 117,000 Texans, in 215 counties, move out from behind front organizations such as “Democrats for Eisenhower” and openly vote Republican in a first primary election, only the stubbornest Democrat can deny the trend toward a functioning Lone Star branch of the Grand Old Party. In 1958 Republican primaries nrere held in only 61 counties and only 16,000 Republican votes were castand 11,000 were cast in Dallas County. “Growth as rapid and widespread as this cannot be ignored,” James A. Leonard, executive di AUSTIN Liberals lost more than they gained in races for the Texas House May 5, and unless there are some sweeping run-off victories next month that institution is certain to be somewhat more conservative than it was last session. There are 39 run-offs June 2, and in a number of them liberalconservative lines will be clearly drawn. Voters nominated in Saturday’s Democratic primary 45 conservatives and 34 liberals in races where political ideology was known. This breakdown is based on business lobbyist Preston Weatherred’s list of candidates. In the run-offs at least 40 conservatives and 22 liberals are vying for nominations. Eighteen incumbents are involved in run-offs. Two incumbents were nominated in the GOP primary: conservatives Kenneth Kohler of Amarillo and George Korkmas of Texas City. Republicans are also expected to wage serious campaigns next November in Houston, Dallas, and parts of West Texas, the Pi rehandle, and the Valley. Conservatives plainly got the best of it in new seats shifted to urban areas under redistricting and in races between incumbents shuffled into the same districts. They acquired two new conservatives places in Dallas, one in El Paso, and did so well for Harris County’s 12 seats \(previously there could very well be, after June 2, a net gain of five conservative places from Houston Of the three crucial redistricting races between incumbents where liberal-conservative lines were tight, conservatives were victorious in two. Conservative Reps. Wayne Gibbens of Breckenridge and Jerry Butler of Kenedy defeated, respectively, liberal Reps. Scott Bailey of Cisco and Dan Struve of Campbellton. The one liberal bright spot in the redistricting fights occurred in the new Hillsboro-Corsicana district, where liberal Rep. Ronald Roberts defeated conservative incumbent Paul Curington. In three other less critical redistricting r a c e s, conservative \(Continued on trict, incumbent conservative Jep the six-man field with labor and Fuller finished third, and the race