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The Texag !lbsery spaper Z9 C. 079 05. k.,H 2, 1962 An”Infl Vol. 53 15c per copy No. 48 ATLANTIC FEDERATION A Great Texan’s Vision for Future AMARILLO A seething morality movement in Amarillo reached its zenith this week when the special legislative textbook cornmittee of the Texas House moved in for a one-day stand. Twenty-three critics of books and book selection paraded to the witness stand. Not one witness appeared to challenge the organized effort, but unsympathetic thrusts by two of the five committee members, Reps. John Alaniz of San Antonio and Ronald Roberts of Hillsboro, offered token opposition until the pair walked out on the one-sided circus later in the day. Roberts got his broadside while he was visiting the men’s washroom. Mrs. Harold Boots, who was on the witness stand, noted Roberts was not there to hear her statement and remarked that it was “too bad, I wanted to ask him how long he has been a card-carrying communist.” She drew heavy applause from spectators and fellow witnesses. Mrs. Boots’ reference to Roberts came shortly after she asked Alaniz where his children attended school in San Antonio. When Alaniz replied they attended parochial schools, she indicated this confirmed her suspicions. Mrs. Boots said Alaniz has no business on the committee because he is a Roman Catholic. She criticized one sixth-grade textbook, Stories for Young Texans, because it is “full of Catholic propaganda.” Larry Williams, another of the witnesses, later apologized in a written note to the committee for Mrs. Boots’ remark about Roberts. But Mrs. Boots complained Williams had no right to speak for her. Said Roberts later: “I consider it very unfortunate when communism is introduced. In my opinion, when people resort to name-calling, they are playing into the hands of communism. I hope there will be no more textbook hearings until after the Democratic primary election.” House Speaker James Turman, who appointed the committee, said in Austin after the Amarillo extravaganza that he is afraid the book committee may be straying from its legislative purpose. He was shocked, he said, that Roberts was called a card-carrying communist. The hearings are becoming “a forum for expression of views not related to the quality or contents of textbooks.” Committee members “have been too nice and open about letting anyone appear to talk about any sort of censorshipabout books outside the realm of textbooks.” Alaniz and Roberts did not show up for the night session, leaving Reps. Bob Bass of DeKalb, Nelson Cowles of Hallsville, and chairman W. T. Dungan of McKinney to carry on. The trio listened to the closing attacks on history textbooks in Texas schools without offering any adverse comment. DALLAS, HOUSTON The Central Intelligence Agency, a play about George Washington, and American internationalists had a rough go of it this week in Houston and Dallas. Revilo P. Oliver, professor of classics at the University of Illinois, Urbana, and a national board member of the John Birch Society, spoke at a George Washington Day dinner of the Sons of the American Revolution in the Shamrock-Hilton and said the CIA is a branch of the Soviet secret police. The United States, he said, has three great internal enemies: “The great communist apparatus in Washington, particularly in the state and defense departments.” “The extensive but not cornplete communist control of press and other news media.” “Liberal intellectuals.” Communist control of the public media, he hastily added, “is far from complete, for Texas has many fine newspapers and radio stations.” But “a gang of traitors has operated in the Department of Defense many years” though “most officers and men are loyal to the Constitution.” As for the liberal Intellectuals, the professor said they have antagonism toward their country, their race, and Western civilization. “Efforts to divide us,” he said, “and dastardly attacks on Robert Welch are panic-stricken efforts of scared vermin.” When Oliver said he was happy to be in Houston “among many HOUSTON Elder statesman Will Clayton, one of the world’s leading cotton merchants and Under Secretary of State in the Truman Administration, believes the United States should join Western Europe and Canada in one common market of the nearly half billion most industrialized peoples in the world. “This European common market has started a world economic revolution which is perhaps not even second to the industrial revolution in importance,” he says. “It’ll be a powerful magnet for every free country in the world to join up.” The expanding European free trade area threatens U.S. exports to Western Europe, which were one third of all U. S. exports last year, and may also place LatinAmerican countries at a disadvantage vis-a-vis African nations and colonies associated with France and Britain. The Kennedy Administration plans not to join the common market, but Treasury Secretary Dillon has called for the gradual elimination of industrial tariffs between the U. S. and the European Economic Community, and President Kennedy has asked the Congress for broad authority to reduce trade barriers. Clayton has crusaded for an “Atlantic Union,” a political and economic union of the Western democracies, since 1949, and has been supported in this work by persons who are now important members of the Kennedy Administration. Adlai Stevenson, Chester Bowles, Orville Freeman, General Maxwell Taylor, and Arthur Schlesinger Jr., were members of the national council of the Atlantic Union Committee,_ of which Clayton was vice-president. Clayton and two former Secre taries of State, Republican Christian Herter and Democrat Dean Acheson, are the three top officers of the Atlantic Council of the United States, Inc., Atlantic Union’s successor organization. Clayton and Herter are also coi: chairmen of the U. S. Citizens’ Commission on NATO which was created by Congress in 1960 to explore ways to accomplish greater Western unity. In a report they presented to a subcommittee of the Joint Economic Committee of Congress last October, Herter and Clayton together declared that “the United States must form a trade partnership with the European common market and take the leadership in further expanding a free world economic community.” “The United States was formed into a common market when the Thirteen Colonies were welded into one nation by adoption of the Constitution,” they reminded the congressmen. Clayton attended a convention of citizen commissions of the NATO countries in Paris last ‘CARD-CARRYING COMMUNIST’ Battle Renewed In Amarillo Show Jo Spies Flourish In CIA? TWO MONTHS TO GO Yarborough or Connally Fight For Run-off? AROUND TEXAS If the Democratic gubernatorial primary were held tomorrow, what would happen? With more than two months still to go in one of the hottest and most interesting Texas campaigns in years, the Observer took an informal opinion sampling among several of the most widely-read newsmen in the state, and the general concensuswith exceptions and qualificationswas that Gov. Price Daniel was a certain bet for the runoff, with Don Yarborough and John Connally contending for the other second primary place. Pat Conway, UPI capitol chief, believes Daniel will lead in the Democratic primary, with either Yarborough or Will Wilson in the run-off with him: “It doesn’t look to me that Connally has his balloon off the ground yet.” Yarborough, he feels, is running strong now, and Formby is doing well and “may be coming through.” General Edwin Walker, Conway predicts, will get less than 100,000 votes. He points out that J. Evetts Haley, running as a Democrat for governor in 1956, got only 88,000 votes. Bo Byers, Houston Chronicle bureau chief, observes: “Daniel and Yarborough are both vying for a considerable amount of the same support. Apparently the more conservative Democratic vote leads toward Connally, but be held to Daniel” through loyalty, appointments, and the perquisites that go with incumbency. Most banking and oil money will go with Connally. “I’ve run into this about Daniel you never find anybody who says he’s for him among the average citizens,” and yet there is a general feeling many of them will stick with him. “Yarborough’s COPE endorsement, though not a straightforward endorsement, will help solidify the labor vote.” As the only clear liberal in the race, his chances to make the run-off are excellent. “Definitely some liberals will vote for Daniel, however, assuming that YarbOrough would lose in the Democratic runoff or, if he won that, in the general election.” On Will Wilson, Byers comments: “I don’t find much effort or support for him anywhere.” The same holds for Marshall Formby, although he will run well in West Texas and despite the fact that he states his case well. If the election were tomorrow “and I were betting hard cash, I’d predict Daniel and Yarborough in the run-off.” But May 5 is two months away, Connally’s campaign is well-financed, and it may be “a horse-race between Yarborough and Connally” for the run-off place with Daniel. Daniel Yarborough Stuart Long, Austin Report, newspaper syndicate: “I think Daniel is a cinch for the run-off. The contest is between Connally and Yarborough as to who gets in with Daniel. Connally has got his organization off the ground a lot faster than Yarborough. Yarborough’s organization seems slower to get moving as far as I can tell.” Yarborough’s late decision to get into the race may have placed him in an initial disadvantage. Wilson, Long believes, is “the guy caught in the middle.” He predicts Walker’s vote will be in the vicinity of 100,000, “based on the 88,000 Evetts Haley Sr. got against Daniel in ’56.” The Texas liberal community, Long feels, is split somewhat, “but no more than usual.” The PASO split is the only really serious break in the liberal strength so far. Sam ‘Wood, Austin American Statesman: “This is absolutely a guess, but I’d think Daniel as of now is running number one. I’d guess Connally is running number two and Yarborough number three, or perhaps vice-versa.” He finds a prediction of Walker’s strength difficult to arrive at, “but I don’t see many people around here talking about him.” Wilson, he believes, “is partly a victim of circumstances.” His Senate bid last year was a poor one”he may be strong, but I don’t see it.” Bill Gardner, Houston Post bureau chief: “The way I guess it now, Daniel is ahead and in the run-off.” There is a toss-up be tween Connally and Yarborough for the other run-off berth. “The labor endorsement helped Yarborough a lot.” Connally’s strength as of now is extremely difficult to evaluate, he believes, and the rally in Floresville Saturday could be a fairly reliable gauge of his campaign so far. “Yarborough has a sort of built in support with liberals and labor, and Connally is a newcomer to Texas politics with no built in support of any kind.” For the run-off place “it’s anybody’s guess.” Allan Duckworth, political editor, Dallas Morning News: “As of now, I see Daniel and Yarborough in the run-off. But Connally is staging the most active and extensive campaign of all the candidates and could move up in the next two months.” Connally has done most of his campaigning in the big cities, and this may be one reason why he hasn’t caught on as he might later. Duckworth has been to East Texas and to El Paso in the last several days. “Now Connally, I think, would admit privately he has a long way to go. He may come up.” He has a hard-working