Page 6


bered fact, and as one today who has been a member of the -U.S. Marine Corps Reserve for more than 19 years. Furthermore, I could make you a speech about some of my military ‘heroesWalter Kreuger, Howlin’ Mad Smith, and a German boy my great uncle, Congressman . James Slayden, appointed to the Naval Academyand got denounced for it in some quarters. In those days German Americans were still being kicked around in Texas. Hill .Country. The appointment must have been a wise one, however, for Chester Nimitz turned out to be a pretty good sailor… Two Farewells “This fear of the professional military beyond the normal constitutional limitations can be bracketed between the remarks of two generals. “One was George Washington in his Farewell Address to the American people when he warned us, ‘Overgrown military establishments are under any form of government inauspicious to liberty, and are to be regarded as particularly hostile to republican liberty.’ “The other was Dwight Eisenhowerremarking as he did in his Farewell Address To The American People that, ‘We have been compelled to create a permanent armaments industry of vast proportions. Added to this, 3% million men and women are directly engaged in the defense establishment. … In the councils of government, we must guard against the acquisition of unwarranted influence … by the military-industrial complex. The potential for the disastrous rise of misplaced power exists and will persist.’ “We who opposed the seminar were asked, ‘Who knows more about patriotism than the professional military?’ “WeBill Sinkin, Albert Pena Jr., and I, plus others were asked this by civiliansmen of strong conservative bent who honestly love this county and claim a deep understanding of its traditions and history. “The answer to this question does not come from me. It comes from history.” In a historical description of the American attitude on military participation in civil lifebeginning with the resolution passed , by the First Continental Congress p rotesting the “unparalleled usurpation of unconstitutional power by military executioners” and ending with the sentence written into the Constitution of the Republic of Texas, “The military shall at all times and in all cases be subordinate to the civil power” Maverick said: “It is strange indeed that we had to be asked why we opposed the professional military sponsoring or assisting Birch-type speakers in a highly partisan political meeting. The Lesson “What is the lesson to be learned from the San Antonio experience? The lesson is this: Liberty was hard fought for, and must be fought for again and again. “And what is liberty? “Liberty is the Negro reaching out for human dignity. Liberty is the Greeks who gave us the word ‘Democratic’ meaning ‘Demos’ thus by authority the people. “It is Hugo Black writing of mankind fighting its way past the cross, the stake and the hangman’s noose. Liberty is Plato, Aristotle, and God’s Gadfly, Socrates, arousing, persuading and reproaching a lethargic populace. It is the Common Law of England, Writs of Habeas Corpus, and Jeremy Bentham. “Liberty is John Locke talking from his grave to Thomas Jefferson about the natural rights of man. It is Sam Houston, the, damned old barbarian, who loved this Union more than political office..It is a two party Texas with lines honestly drawnwith the conservative and liberal positions frankly stated and with each as a counter check on the other. “Liberty is a John Bircher having full freedom of speech. Yes. “It is Chester Bowles saying, as . he did recently, ‘With the exception of those nations where the Soviet Army has imposed Soviet regimes, communism has moved , ‘toward power only, in ,societies which were reactionary and oppressive . . . where people were illiterate and hungry, and where they had abandoned all hope that their problems could be solved by any other alternative.’ “And it is our young President saying, ‘Pennsylvania Avenue is no longer a local thoroughfare. It runs through Paris and London, Ankara and Teran, New Delhi and Tokyo. And if the soul of a journey is liberty as Hazlitt has said, then the road from the White House that encircles the globe must be freedom’s way.’ “Let us remember this unfortunate experience of the military seminar in San Antonio. Let us remember history. And above all let us remember that the price of liberty is indeed eternal vigilance.” W.M. COL. KENGLA ON GOD THE TEXAS OBSERVER 74SP= Tar T 1.” J. RELIABLE REAL ESTATE SERVICE Arthur Hajecate METROPOLITAN REALTY CO. 4340 Telephone Road HOUSTON TEXAS MAVERICK ON THE MILITARY Off Constitutional Limits? ESCHEAT CAMPAIGN Banks Defy State, Chairman Alleges Wood, commenting on the possible use of subpoena in obtaining testimony from reluctant bankers on dormant accounts, observed this week: “It would be a long and tedious process, but there is a pOssibility the House committee if it establishes its authority to subpoena witnesses and records could dig deep into the question of dormant accounts. Bankers testifying under oath would be required to make detailed reports, or run the risk of perjury.” Obligation to Whom? In his law office in San Antonio this week, Spears said the investigating committee definitely planned to subpoena witnesses. How many? “That depends,” he said, “on how many don’t cooperate and whether we have reason to believe they’re hiding anything. We’ll expect some of them to defy us: They may not even come in under a subpoena. If they don’t, then we’ll know they’re hiding something. For that very reason, we expect them to comply.’ On the bankers’ argument that an escheat law would viqlate the bankerLdepositor relationship, Spears has some strong thoughts. “First, if they can’t find a depositor or his heirs, who do they have a contractual obligation to?” he asked. “Second, if they revere this contractual obligation, why are they making exorbitant service charges on dormant accounts? “Third, this relationship hasn’t been disturbed in the 40 other states” that have a similar law. “They’re not interested in the depositor,” he said. “They just don’t want to give that money up. “Fortunately, a majority of the bankers don’t feel that way. They’re willing to come in and work something out.” He said he reserves his criticism “for those who are apparently dictating the policy of the Texas Bankers Assn. “Our principal objective is to protect the depositor,” he said, “both from having his funds confiscated :by unreasonable service charges where no service is performed, and’ by requiring the bank to seek out and find the depositor or his heirs when the time comes and return the money. Also, in these dormant accounts is where most of your embezzlement charges arise. “The money that the state will Published by Texas Observer Co., Ltd. Entered as second-class matter, April 26, 1937, at the Post Office at Austin, Texas, under the Act of March 3, 1879.. DECEMBER 1, 1961 Willie Morris Editor and General Manager Bob Sherrill, Associate Editor Sarah Payne, Office Manager Ronnie Dugger, Contributing Editor get is only of secondary importance in this, even though it’s certainly not right for everybody in the state, to comply to the escheat law except the banks.” Why weren’t banks included in the escheat measure which passed the last legislature? “Because the banks fought it,” Separs said. “I won’t say all of them, but most of them fought it. We just didn’t have the votes. The influence of the bank lobby “has obviously been the difference. There was certainly no logical explanation for defeating it. I know of several instances of pressure, and several cases of switched votes.. “Many times we believe that when these small banks oppose the bills they’re really fronting for the large banks which don’t want the publicity.” ‘Superior to State’ Spears said he personally became aware of the problem of abandoned accounts several years _ago. His father, who died suddenly, had a small account, unknown to the family or to the executor, in a San Antonio bank. “Even though the Spears family is well-known in town, this bank never told us it was there,” he said. “By sheer coincidence I opened an account of my own in the same bank 12 years later, and when I got my first statement, I got some old cancelled checks on my father’s account, along with a whole list of service changes on his account. Those charges had eaten the account down to practically nothing. Just by coincidence a clerk in the bank had sent these to me, or I never would have known.” Spears said he has a letter from the Texas Bankers Assn. to members advising them not to cooperate with the House committee. Consequently, he said, only about 250 of the 1,175 questionnaires which the committee sent out to get information on the bank’s treatment of dormant accounts were returned. Most of the savings and loan firms replied, but very few banks. “This sort of thing,” he said, “stems from the belief that they’re superior to the state, that they don’t have to do what the state says. It’s a defiance of lawful authority. To my knowledge this is the only group in the state which has ever refused to cooperate with a legislative study.” Published once a week from Austin, Texas. Delivered postage prepaid $5.10 per annum. Advertising rates available on request. Extra copies 15c each. Quantity prices available on order. EDITORIAL and BUSINESS OFFICE: 504 West 24th St., Austin, Texas. Phone GReenwood 7-0746. HOUSTON OFFICE: Mrs. R. D. Randolph, 2131 Welch, Houston 19, Texas. HOUSTON ‘Maury Maverick Jr. of San Antonio, addressing a crowd of one hundred Houston Democrats Tuesday night, traced the background of the recent Americanism Seminar in Bexar County and warned that participation of the U.S. Fourth Army was symbolic of a “horrifying danger” in America today. “The Fourth Army,” Maverick said, “co-sponsored or gave assistance to speakers who adversely reflected on two of their commanders in chiefFranklin Roosevelt and John ‘Kennedyimplied that Harry Hopkins was a traitor, denounced the Episcopal and Methodist churches, talked approvingly of the John ‘Birch Society, and spoke in a harmful way about Negroes.” The i occasion was a $25-a-plate dinner to help retire Maverick’s campaign debts from his unsuccessful bid in the U.S. Senate race last April. He singled out f o r criticism Maverick those military personnel and civilians “who are attempting to go beyond the Constitutional and traditional limitations of this nation regarding the role of the military.” The World Context “In slightly more than one hundred years,” Maverick said, “Communism has, numerically speaking, surpassed the growth of Christianity which developed over a period of nearly 2,000 years. And all this at a time when thousands upon thousandseven millions of emerging people are concerned more than ever before with the ancient brutalities heaped upon them by the Western World: colonialism, racial superiority, and economic discrimination. “These emerging people, much to our dismay, seem to ignore the modern brutalities of the Soviet Union: purges, slave camps, fake elections, and party line art and music. Russian type colonialism, evidently, is yet to be understood. “The chances are they would tell you or me that the latter day brutalities of Russia are wrong, of course, but manbe he African, Asian, or South American generally first disposes of the things which have goaded him the longest. “Coupled with this is a growing and agonizing discovery. President Kennedy spelled it out in Los Angeles some time ago when he reminded us that we Americans belong to a minority race, a minority religion, and a minority political system. Further, that we are regarded with some suspicion, if not hostility; by the rest of the restless, envious, surging majority.” We are now haunted by “these ancient indiscretions of our fathers’ fathers. “Fear grips us all and to this we respond in different ways. Some of us believe that there should not be less liberty, but more liberty not less faith in the democratic processes, but a greater faith. Then there are those Americans who would cope with this timeless world revolution by an almost sole reliance on H-bombs and the professional military type thinking. “I count myself as a friend of the military in a way intended by the Constitution anti traditions of our country,” he said. “I do this as the son of the late First Lt. Maury Maverick, U.S. Army retired, from wounds suffered in the Argonne Forest, a little remem THE TEXAS OBSERVER Page 2 Dec. , 1961 AUSTIN Austin’s civil defense director, W. A. Kengla, offers citizens spiritual and patriotic as well as practical advice on how to respond to nuclear attack in a statement he has written entitled “A Pound of Panic Prevention.” “Be assured that there are no atheists or ‘apathetics’ in foxholes under attack,” writes the colonel. “Pray quietly to yourself if you feel the need of spiritual support. Don’t worry about formal prayer ‘just talk to God.’ You will feel His Presence and it will strengthen you.” Col. Kengla advises Austinites to “prepare each family member mentally and morally to meet attack” by taking these emergency measures: “a. Emphasize that we have available to sustain us: bod and our faith in Him. Our great American nation, the great American government which represents itand our firm faith and loyalty to both. can ‘strength, shrewdness, and self-confidence . . . “b. Emphasize that we are offensively superior to our enemy … “d. Emphasize that if we must eight, we can fight and that we will win.” On the extent of the disaster, Col. Kengla offers the reassurance that “current scientific estimates indicate that 60%-80% of our pop