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BREMOND HEARING AUSTIN Swinging a piece of chain that was used to imprison his great grandfather in a Mexican prison in 1843, Maury Maverick Jr., San Antonio liberal, joined the growing field for the U.S. Senate seat to be vacated, sometime before Jan. 20, by Lyndon Johnson. Alluding to the emergence of nearby dictators, loss of U.S. prestige abroad, rock-throwing and spitting among fellow Americans, and makers of a “fast buck” who dodge the intricacies of the law, Maverick told an Austin press conference: “I am excited. I not only am excited, I am concerned. I believe the recent election of Senator Kennedy shows the American people are concerned . . . I feel guilty about not having done more to uphold the cause of free men in this world upheaval that is going on . . . I don’t have any chains on me. I’m a free man and I want to stay that way. I believe in the kind of government that frees men frees them from autocratic interference, from indignities, from limited opportuni 7 ties, either in their busines, their personal lives, or their very minds.” Maverick said that later he will spell out his stands on “issues like medical care benefits for our aged citizens, full employment, high interest rates, help for small business, aid to distressed areas and distressed people, housing, minimum wages, oil imports . . . I will work with President Kennedy and those great Texans, Vice President Johnson, Speaker Rayburn, and Senator Yarborough .. . Accepting whatever labels are applied-I’m not ashamed to be called a liberal”Maverick said “First of all, I want to be an honorable and reasonable man. I’m a Maverickand a maverick wears no brand. My father, Maury Maverick, wore no brand when he was a maverick Congressman in support of Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal. And I wear no brand when I run as a supporter of Jack Kennedy’s and Lyndon Johnson’s New Frontier. I believe Texas needs a maverick in the Senate.” Asked about another San Antonio liberal, Sen. Henry Gonzalez, who is a candidate for the same job, Maverick said he is a personal friend and has supported Gonzalez. “Henry is an able state senator and fears no man,” he added. Maverick conceded that “If he stays in the race, we will cut into each other’s vote,” but said he had no indication from Gonzalez whether he would withdraw. Referring to John Tower, the Republican candidate, as a traditional conservative but “a very decent gentleman,” Maverick added: “I haven’t been educated at the University of London as Mr. Tower has,” but he looks forward to being in the same race with him. Maverick will have his state headquarters in Austin and will campaign out of this city. He has hired Lyman Jones as his press assistant; Jake Sorrels has also joined his campaign staff. Jim Wright has hired Bill Brammer as his press assistant. Maverick said he has raised $7,000 already and hopes to have $20,000 for the race. ‘He passed off his San Antonio remark he would need $150,000 as a joke. Gonzalez has raised a question about big funds, saying the law sets a $25,000 limit. Gonzalez proposed that candidates in the race pool theirfunds for a series of television debates, each candidate being given a pro rata share of the time. Gonzalez said that if the funds limit has meaning, or if it does not, the people should know. Martin Dies of Lufkin, saying he was considering running, asked Atty.. Gen. Will Wilson for a ruling on enforcement of the limit. \(Rumor static picked up in Austin hints Wilson might enter the Senate 110.01N Maury Maverick Jr. Asked about the Gonzalez idea of pooling resources for TV, Maverick said, “I think we might be taking advantage of Mr. Blakley on that.” Bill Blakley, the conservative candidate for the job, is a multimillionaire. Maverick, 40, is a member of the state Democratic executive committee from Bexar County, a practicing attorney, and a former member of the Texas House of which he helped ,lead the drive for a lobbyist control law, supported a teachers’ pay increase, resisted legislation he regarded as part of the McCarthy era, and developed a voting record regarded as consistently liberal. He graduated from the University of Texas, studied law at Loyola Law School in Los Angeles and graduated from St. Mary’s Law School in San Antonio. He teaches government at St. Mary’s University now. He served 32 months in the Marine Corps in the Pacific, including the Solomon Islands campaign. Episco AUSTIN The League of United Latin American Citizens, Council No. 2 of San Antonio, and newly elected Representative John C. Alaniz of San Antonio have written Gov. Price Daniel bitterly denouncing Col. Egon R. Tausch, executive secretary of the Migrant Labor Council, for statements he made to the Observer. Both recommended that he be fired. Returning from a tour of the Lubbock-area cottonifields, Tausch the migrants for their treatment of the improved living quarters offered by some of the farmers in that area. He said that the migrants needed to be educated to use sanitation facilities, such as outdoor toilets, screened doors and windows, and incinerators. The San Antonio Light quoted portions of the Observer’s story, and the fight was on. Thomas Guardia Jr., president of the Lulac Council, responded to Tausch’Is criticism of the migrants by writing Daniel this week: “I do not know if Mr. Tausch realizes that the vast majority of the migrant laborers he is talking about are citizens of our state; but, in his official capacity, he should know. It is my sincere oOnion that any person who can publicly express such views about his fellow Texans is seriously un THE TEXAS OBSERVER Page 8 Dec. 30, 1960 fit to hold any official position in any of the governmental agencies of this state . . .” Alaniz was equally incensed. He wrote directly to Tausch: “I am of the opinion that you are open and notoriously not in sympathy with the problems and aspirations of the migrant farm laborer, which your office was created to solve. “I disagree with your view and I earnestly feel that you do not have the heart or understanding or the will, judging by your remarks, to present any constructive program to alleviate said problems . . . “Your attitude is wrong, unfair and not in the American tra= dition. By your quotations and remarks, you give me an impression that you have contempt in your heart for the migrant farm laborer and are in no way truly interested in solving the problems that confront them, or in eliminating the shame and disgrace that this state has allowed to exist among the migrant farm laborers. “I am filing a protest with the Governor’s office . . . with my recommendation that you be removed from your position. . . .” In a telephone interview with the Observer, Alaniz said he had asked Daniel to remove Tausch from office on the grounds of incompetence. In an effort to determine Alaniz’ grounds for judging Tausch incompetent, the Observer asked if he had ever met Tausch, if he had ever read any other press release issued by Tausch’s office, AUSTIN Dr. J. W. Edgar, state commissioner of education, ruled Thursday that he does not have the authority to prohibit a school hoard from renting a building from a church as the Bremond Independent School District does from the Catholic Church for $1 a year. He further ruled he does not have the power to forbid a teacher to wear any garb she chooses specifically, in this instance, the wearing of ecclesiastical garb by the four nuns who teach in Bremond school No. 2 He said these questions would have to be determined ultimately by the courts and by the legislature. But he added that “the Bremond school district has been negligent in its responsibilities” by Continuing to lease the church school building for 13 years when it should have built a public school building of its own, off church property. He told J. W. Baker, Bremond school superintendent: “You have done your best to obey the law, but you still run the risk of violation under these circumstances. The two \(public school and church ought to be visibly separate, but I don’t know that I have the power to order it.” He said he felt that, prior to the instituting of new policies in 1958 and 1960 following legal actions, the school board definitely had permitted conduct within Bremond School No. 2 that violated Republicans went to an Eisenhower-appointed federal judge ‘ on election eve and got an injunction forcing election judges to accept poll watchers in their respective precincts regardless of where -the poll watchers lived or where they were from. Under this injunction we would have been compelled to or if he were familiar with the legislation Tausch was pushing to aid the migrants. To each question, Alaniz’ answer was no. . He said he was judging Tausch by “the attitude in this story” and by the “whole essence you get out of it.” He intimated he was also under some pressure from his constitu -ents, saying he had received phone calls “all day” protesting Tausch’s published criticisms. Alaniz said specifically he had not read the long story published in the Austin Statesman last summer recounting Tausch’s concern for the 100,000 migrants. Quotes from this story were also carried in the Sept. 4 San Antonio Light. The story told of Tausch’s efforts to rework five key bills for the next legislature that would require better housing and sanitation facilities,’ all children to attend school through the age of 16, licensing and supervision of crew leaders, and safety inspection of truck and buses at a level equal to that demanded by interstate commerce. Tausch visited with Alaniz this week in an effort to explain his attitude. Tausch said the only point he was trying to make in telling of conditions in the Lubbock-area camps was that corrective legislation aimed at the employer is not enough; education of the migrant to receive the benefits must go . along with the legislation. Alaniz told the Observer he agrees on this point: education of the migrant workers in sanitation is necessary. the constitutional requirements for separation of church and state. Policy changes in that school have ended religiouS instruction and have taken church ornaments and pictures out of the school. Testimony revealed that all students but one attending Bremond No. 2 are Catholic today. Four of the six teachers are nuns, Although the previously parochial school was brought into the public school system in 1947 to get state support on an ADA basis and ease the school bus transportation problem, subsequent changes in the teaching personnel have generally been in terms of new nuns. Baker said he continued to hire nuns because I was more convenient. Bremond’s population is somewhere between 60 and 70 per cent Polish. Most of these are Catholic. The other elementary school is attended largely by children of Protestant parents. Lyndon Olson, attorney for the complainants who ask that the school be forced to remove the cross on top, the name St. Mary’s on its front, and the nuns to change from their religious dress said Edgar’s ruling came as no surprise and that he did not expect to get a deciding judgment until the plea is heard in court. Before he goes to court, he will have to exhaust all sources of administrative relief, which means he must next appeal to the state board of education, and he has 15 days from the time of Edgar’s ruling to do so. B.S. accept poll watchers even if they had lived in New York or Cali fornia. . . These roll watchers. every one the son of a rich father, who lived in the silk-stocking districts of Houston, overflowed our precinct even before the polls opened. No matter that state law provides a poll watcher must live in the precinct where he is to do the watching, these people moved in and took over. They were arrogant, egotistical, obnoxious, in the way, and constantly slowing up the already heavy-taxed election machinery. No amount of protests to the election judge did any good, as he was afraid of the injunction issued by their carpetbagger judge. . . . A. D. Covin, Sr., 13609 Courreze, Houston 9. , CASH IN ON THE EXPORT MARKET LET US TRANSLATE YOUR Catalog Sheets Mailing Pieces Installation and Operating Instructions Labels and Tags Price Sheets Inquiries Letters Ads Engineering Spanish Service ROBERT N. JONES Petroleum Engineer Ana Maria Cantu Maria Guerra De Jones OFFICE: 2324 Fidelity Union Tower MAIL: 3002 DuttOn St., Dallas 11, Texas PHONE: FE 7-0662 MARTIN ELFANT Sun Life of Canada Houston, Texas CA 4-0686 Wright Lists Programs Maverick Announces palian, he is unmarried. In Washington, Congressman Wright announced he will introduce in the U.S. House for the new session ten bills aimed to accomplish these purposes: Set up a study commission on tying import tariff rates to prevalent domestic wage rates to try to raise foreign wage rates and “at the same time protect American industry, which has been forced to pay high wages”; Allow the Secretary of State to sign agreements with friendly Latin-American nations to provide FHA type guarantees for housing and land in Latin-America; Give special incentive pay for foreign service personnel quail, lying in rare and difficult languages; Set up an exchange program for Latin American news media workers, labor officials, and college professors; Make full use of U.S. agricultural surpluses; In domestic fields, allocate the first five percent of federal receipts to payment of the national debt each year; allow a $300 deduction from total income tax to be paid for each child in under