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Many Surprising Turns Closing Words on Religion WEEK IN TEXAS Those opposing Catholics for public office “because they cannot stand Catholics” are, said Morgan, “bigoted.” Referring to the bogus Knight of Columbus oath, stories “about guns in the basements of Roman churches, the immorality of priests and nuns,” he said, “When we Protestants let these lies continue to float around, we stand under the judgment of God.” In San Antonio, Observer correspondent James Presley reported, Rev. Perry Webb of the First Baptist Church told his congregation of 400 that religious liberty was one of the big issues in the Texas revolution against Mexico and is still a major question. A person has a right to vote against a man because of his religion, the minister stated. He said that labeling those critical of Catholicism as bigots is “propaganda. Sometimes, said Rev. Webb in a sermon called “The Sin of Tolerance, tolerance is a bigger sin than intolerance. To illustrate the point he told of a Negro boy in a shanty who was beating his brother on the head with a hammer and turned to his mother and said, “Make him stop yelling.” In Dallas, Rev. Ray R. Soper, pastor of Maplewood Assembly of God church there, told about 800 on Reformation Sunday that he would vote for Nixon. “When I vote against a Roman Catholic, more than religion is involved. Our entire American way of life is involved,” he said. Dr. Madison V. Scott, pastor of the First Baptist Church of Austin, in an interview deplored the circulation of “hate literature” on the Catholic question. He said he has a stack of it knee-high. “It is absolutely deplorable, it is bigotry, prejudice,” said Dr. Scott. Dr. John F. Anderson, Presbyterian minister and main speaker at the Dallas Reformation Sunday city-wide service, said, “Protestants need to apply the Golden Rule to politics, too.” Dr. Douglas Jackson, professor of sociology of religion at Southern Methodist University, said the Catholic question is being exploited to “discredit liberals” and is “well-planned and well-financed.” Franklin Littell, another professor at Perkins School of Theology, S.M.U., said that Rev. Criswell’s positions that Kennedy was lying about independence from the church and that no Catholics should hold public office “may sound too fantastic to merit the conversation of sensible citizens,” but that coming from Criswell they were “no joke.” Reviewing the historical background of anti-Catholic feeling, Littell stated that this year, “the most vehement supporters of Nixon in the South are the anti-Catholics, the anti-Semites, racialists, anti-refugee and isolationist elements .. . If ever a man deserved to be loved for the enemies he has made, it’s John F. Kennedy.” The Baptist Standard has been shaken away from its summer and early-fall militance of criticism against Kennedy as a Catholic by statements from Nixon and Lodge. Lodge has favored federal aid to parochial schools. Nixon wired the Standard that he favored continued “aid to institutions of higher education, public and private, directly,” and that federal aid to elementary and secondary schools should be given to the states, and “it will then be up to each state to decide whether federal funds . . . should be used for both public and private schools.” Editor E. S. James of the Standard declared Nixon’s statement -vague, evasive, and ambiguous. . . . This is not the clear, unequivocal statement that Protestants had a right to expect from him.” In his. editorial Nov. 2, he also said that the Protestant Church continues to fight for churchstate separation and the Catholic Church “continues to regiment its people . . . in every aspect of life,” but the candidates take positions different -from their respective churches’. He did not offer an answer to his statement of the major questionwhich candidate could better resist breaches in church-state separation. Dr. M. R. Carroll, Dallas pastor and president of the Baptist General Convention of the state, said that in other countries in the past and in Spain, Rome, and Argentina today, Catholics close Baptist churches and persecute non-Catholics. He condemned Catholic “bigoted opposition to all nonCatholic religions.” Noting American challenges to the Vatican view on religious freedom, he said it is obvious the Vatican does not concur with these American positions. Dr. Jimmy Allen, director of the Christian Life Commission which produced the down-themiddle resolution the Baptists adopted on the political question, said it applied equally to Kennedy and Nixon and in answer to a question said, “This is not a question of Sen. Kennedy’s integrity.” In addition to advocating scrutiny of all candidates’ positions, the resolution said the church-state issue is “one of the legitimate factors” in deciding how to vote. Meanwhile, at Waco, as though to complete the confusion, Dr. Ralph Lynn, professor of history at Baylor University, told students that “it can . . . be argued that we can safely elect a Catholic to the presidency,” disputed the idea that Protestants can be tolerant but not Catholics, and argued that it is not true that the Catholic Church is an unchangeable totalitarian community “in which each member obeys in fear and trembling an all-powerful heirarchy.” It seems as tae election nears that the arguments have been used up on the question and all that remains to be seen is whether there will be significant trends in the dominantly Baptist and Catholic counties. R.D. The Citizens’ Council, South wide publication of the seg regationist organizations, in its current issue carries an article by Candy Patterson, secretary of the Midland, Texas, Citizens’ Council, recounting how that chapter has repulsed “Negro in truders” from white residential districts as well as limiting inte gration at an elementary school to seven Negro children, “a great victory” for the Midland council. A new $4 million mile-long bridge over Lake Texoma connecting Texas and Oklahoma was dedicated, a retired Ranger captain opening it by riding across on a horse, leading a pack horse. . . . A group asked the Texas Highway Cmsn. to build a $5 million causeway from Port Mansfield to Padre Island, offering to build a road from the causeway down the island to the causeway at Port Isabel. At a cost of Highway Dept. funds of $52,000, 400,000 cop ies of a 32-page multi-colored travel brochure on Texas have been produced. The highway engineer, D. S. Greer, announced plans to ask the legislature for $300,000 in 1961 to advertise Texas. . . . Gov. Price Daniel said he will ask the legislature for more money for water control projects. The State Insurance Board its eye cocked toward a legislature expected to be critical of the new safe driving insurance plandecided to wait until next summer before deciding on whether to raise the insurance rates on cars. They refused, 2-1, to make the safe driving plan optional; it is now mandatory. Gov. Daniel, Lt. Gov. Ram sey, and Atty. Gen. Wilson jointly endorsed the proposed constitutional amendment to lift the 10% interest limit when the legislature passes a new interestceiling law. Ramsey said the loan sharks are “a blot on the fair name of Texas.” Wilson said the amendment is needed for effective control of the sharks. THE TEXAS OBSERVER Page 8 Nov. 4, 1960 ENJOYS A CAMEL AFTER A GAME You’ll enjoy a Camel anytime and every time. So, if you’re smoking more these days, but enjoying it less … change to Camels. R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company, Winston-Salem, N. C. The best tobacco makes the best smoke!