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TEXAS LAWMEN Capt. John CoffeeHays, Ranger “111 a mounted soldier the Ranger has no counterpart 1 in any age or country! The real Ranger —not the gun-fanning, hip-shooting tough guy of fiction has ry been recorded in Texas history as a quiet, deliberate, gentle person who could gaze calmly into the eye, of a murderer and with unhurried courage ride straight m .1 up to death. Such a man was John Coffee Hays. He was a frontier surveyor for 181 the Republic of Texas at 21, a Captain of Rangers at 23, a famous Indian fighter with the Army and a Major at 25. The defeat of the Comanches at Enchanted Rock and Bandera Pass, the Plum Creek fight and the battle of Salado are a part of his record. During the war with Mexico, 1846-48, Hays commanded the 1st Reg. Texas Mounted Volunteers and distinguished himself at Monterrey and Mexico City. Mustered out, a 31-year-old veteran with the rank of Colonel, Jack Hays next served as a commissioner to settle the dispute between Texas and the United States over the New Mexico Territory. After that, it seems as if Texas became too quiet for this “quiet, deliberate, gentle person.” During the Gold Rush days of ’49, Col. Hays led a caravan to California to begin the second half of a kind of life that “has no counterpart in any age or country.” The state honored his name with the creation of Hays County, in the Texas Hill Country. p Texas lawmen have always served their state well .. as have Texas industry and commerce. Providing payrolls and community revenues, one industry has also provided the refreshment of moderation. In Texas, the brewing industry “belongs.” Brewers, wholesalers, retailers and the United States Brewers Foundation are working constantly In cooperation with today’s law. men, to assure the sale of beer and ale under pleasant, orderly conditions. Texas Division, UNITED STATES BREWERS FOUNDATION, AUSTIN, TEXAS 206 VFW Building Why Be Half Safe? Get Your Own Copy Of The Texas Observer Name Address City, State Send $5 to The Texas Observer, 504 W. 24, Austin, Texas. Wi -dr;eal rZAJ dezit ai Brazil Chills for Cage; Agencies Ask Budgets Senator Johnson: 11# Refusing to talk to report ers, spent three days in Acapulco with 15 guests, returned suddenly Saturday after refusing comment on the report that Allan Shivers might run against him for senator. g o of Summoned the press Sun crats will not try to enact their platform until after November; if elected vice-president and senator, “I think Texas would want its senator to serve until just before the inauguration” \(which would let him help or”some Republican people might like to embarrass me in my home state,” but he had no reason to, believe anyone of stature ceived less than 1,000 letters and wires since the convention, 80 to 85 percent commending him. V Conferred with Allen Dulles, Central Intelligence Agency director, on national security and announced plans to visit President Truman in Missouri and Sen. Kennedy in Hyannisport and to speak in Tennessee, Iowa, and Oklahoma before the August session of Congress. Governor Daniel: frof Objected again to the Demo cratic platform’s “extreme position on human rights, advocacy of an oil depletion allowance reduction, restudy of boundaries of coastal states, and opposition to the Connally amendment,” but disavowed any third party and said he will support the Democratic nominees. I# Received, according to press aide George Christian, mail from Texans indicating dislike of the presidential nominees of both parties, of the Democratic platform, and occasionally of a Catholic running for president. Mrs. R. D. Randolph: 100 Stated, in a letter to Harris County Democrats’ chairman Bob Eckhardt, that she was going “to the Piney Woods and rock in a chair and read,” and urged that “it is time that new blood take over.” poor Stated she will not step down from her chairmanship of the Democrats of Texas Clubs. goor Was commended by Eck hardt, who said: “She has been a most devoted and competent worker . . . Things always have just fallen on her shoulders . .. She cannot be replaced.” Conservative Democrats: poolf Met 225 strong in a closed meeting in the Hotel Adol phus, Dallas, andaccording to one’s remark were “lukewarm THE TEXAS OBSERVER Page 6 July 29, 1960 and discussed conservative programs for the September 20 state party convention. 1, Were told by Dallas News columnist Lynn Landrum they should not form a third party, but can free the presidential electors to vote in the electoral college “as circumstances suggest” that is, as they wish. In the Newspapers: 140/ The Bryan Daily Eagle pro posed a third party with a Goldwater-Shivers ticket . . . The Fort Worth Star-Telegram sighed with relief when Johnson said he does not consider the Senate a “sounding board” for the Democratic platform in August . . . Margaret Mayer in the Dallas Times-Herald said the prospect of Yarborough as the senior senator from Texas is enough to make many a conservative Yarborough foe “bolt the party in November.” . . . The Dallas News called the Democratic platform “only a hair away from pure, unadulterated socialism.” goor J. EdConnally, the state chairman, told the Abilene Jaycees Kennedy could win without Johnson, “but I hope everybody thinks he can’t.” Connally said he does not like the civil rights plank “but I guarantee the Republicans’ will be worse.” . . . Vann Kennedy, Corpus delegate to Los Angeles, called K-J “an unbeatable team.” … Jim Wright, the Congressman, said Johnson’s presence on the ticket adds “maturity, dignity, and responsibility” to it . . . Jack Martin, San Antonio ironworker and an L.A. delegate, said, “Our new slogan is ‘All the Way with JFK and LBJ.” . . . San Antonio critics of Johnson have broken out carbumpers saying, “Half the Way with LBJ,” and Kennedy fans are ‘setting up an office separate from Johnson leader Jimmy Knight’s K-J headquarters . . . The GOP national committee reports receiving $32,600 from the Texas GOP finance committee in three months this spring . . . The Dallas , News Research Dept. showed KennedyJohnson defeating Nixon-Lodge 45-35% in Dallas County. gof Speakers at the state AFL CIO convention Aug. 8-11 in Dallas will be James Roosevelt, the California congressman; Maury Maverick, Jr., San Antonio; Harold Kilpatrick, Texas Council of Churches, Austin; Alex Dickie, Texas Farmers’ Union president, Denton; and Preston Weatherred, Dallas attorney. Jerry Holleman, the state president, says the agenda will call for clarification of labor’s policy on taxes, “particularly the need for a state income tax,” the stepping up of state services and education, improved workmen’s comp and unemployment insurance, “a full study of labor’s relationship to the Democratic Party in Texas,” and plans for participation in the general election campaign. Man Freed In Negro Death SAN AUGUSTINE, AUSTIN A prominent white San Augustine insurance man was found guilty of murdering his 15-yearold Negro baby-sitter without malice and freed on a suspended sentence here last week. 37-year-old Hugh Sparks is a member of the family which owns the Home Life Assn., an East Texas insurance company. The girl, Bobbie Jean Ligon, was a C student in high school and a member of her church choir. She was run over last New Year’s morning past her house half a mile away from town. The car had been headed toward town \(see “A Curious CaseSan AuDistrict Atty. W. R. Carroll asked the all-white jury to send Sparks to prison. His defense attorneys, Lt. Gov. Ben Ramsey and J. L. Smith, asked Judge O’Neal Bacon to dismiss one indictment for “murder with malice aforethought,” but, he denied the motion. This left Sparks ‘charged with murder by automobile. The jury found him guilty of murder without malice. Agreeing with Lt. Gov. Ramsey’s motion, they recommended a suspended sentence. Three state witnesses said Sparks left a New Year’s Eve party about 12:15 a.m. to take the baby-sitter home and was drunk when he left. Others testified the girl’s skull had been crushed and the body mangled. It had been found on the highway. A Lufkin doctor who performed an autopsy said there was no evidence the girl had been raped. A mechanic, Roy Gilcrease, did repair work on the car the morning of Jan. 1. He said he asked Sparks about how it happened and Sparks had answered, “I ran over my cook.” Faubus Gets 58% LITTLE ROCK Orval Faubus won renomination for governor with 58 percent of the vote. This was ten percent lets than he got two years ago, but that fact hardly comforted the four losers. Faubus got 228,000 votes, J. C. Hardin 63,000, Bruce Bennett, the militant segregationist, 56,000, H. E. Williams 29,000, and Hal Millsap, Jr., 12,000. Congressman Dale Alford, bolstered by a letter from Sam Rayburn of Texas, won renomination without trouble. Brazil moved to expel Ben Jack Cage. Since Cage is present there on a U.S. passport good only for return to the U.S., as Dallas D.A. Henry Wade says, “The minute Brazil says they don’t want him, we’ve got him.” The Brazilian Ministry of Justice announced it would seek his ouster on grounds his presence there is “a menace to public order.” Cage was convicted of embezzlement and sentenced to ten years ‘at Huntsville, but fled the country. The Week in Texas OResisting a request for a two-cent tax increase to 66 cents for the Bexar County hospital, Cmsr. A. J. Ploch said in San Antonio, “We can’t afford to take care of all the sick people. Maybe if they would work from sunup to sundown, they could take care of themselves.” ODedicating a $25,000 medical clinic built by the people of Savoy, in Fannin County, with proceeds from barbecue suppers, Speaker Sam Rayburn said: “My concept of state and federal government is to do nothing for the people they can do for themselves. You have ‘proved here in Savoy you can do something for yourselves.” A $2 million uranium pro cessing plant will be built near Falls City, Karnes County, the Atomic Energy Cmsn. announced. The mill will have a capacity of about 200 tons of uranium ore a day. OThe Mexican Government last week refused to send any more bracero cotton pickers to the U.S. for wage rates less than $2.50 a hundred weight, a 20-cent increase. After protesting, the Rio Grande Valley’s farm labor associations reluctantly accepted the new rate. OThe Edgewood school-union controversy has reached the Texas Education Agency. Sam Houston Clinton, attorney for two teachers who were organizing for a union, said they were downgraded because of their union work. The. Edgewood superintendent denied the charge. Cmsr. J. W. Edgar indicated he could intervene only if a contract had ‘been violated. Neither teacher alleges this occurred. In San Antonio, Archbishop Robert E. Lucey, in the archdiocesan newspaper, stated that “In San Antonio, it is said to be dangerous for a public school teacher to be active” in the teachers’ union. “This is a free country, and if public school teachers choose to promote the federation, that is their constitutional right,” he said. Teachers should be granted contracts for periods of more than a year, he added. OThe $1.7 million bridge across the reservoir to be created by McGee Bend Dam was to be opened officially Friday by county and state officials. 0 Lon Alsup of Austin, presi dent of the Texas Rehabilitation Assn., told the association’s conference in Dallas that there are 100,0000 persons in Texas who direly need rehabilitation services. “About 11,000 of these are potentially rehabilitants who have been blind since birth, and 7,000 of these need only a small amount of training,” he said. ONew indictments in the Amarillo-Potter County law enforcement scandals accuse a . former chief of criminal investigation for the sheriff of offering a bribe; a former chief deputy sheriff of perjury before the grand jury; a lawyer of making a false certificate as a notary; and former Randall County Judge Roy Joe Stevens of perjury before a legislative investigating committee. OFrom all indications, the U.S. suit claiming $624,000 in taxes against the estate of the late gambling kings, Sam and Rosario Maceo, will lastthree months. It is proceeding in Galveston. ORalph Green, ‘director of the :Texas Commission on Higher Education, has endorsed a tuition increase of $25 a ‘semester. The Board of Water Engin eers has asked for $4 million for the 1962-’63 biennium, twice its present budget, arguing that to solve the water problem, “we must do what presently may not seem necessary.” The State Parks Board asked for $1 million a year, seven-tenths of it for improvements; its present appropriation is about a quarter of a million a year. The Board of Pardons and Paroles is asking for nearly half a million the next two years for