Page 1


LBJ’S CIVIL RIGHTS PLAY The one great rule of composition is to speak the truth. THOREAU The IP bserver e, iberal Weekly Newspaper sQ: We will verve xo group or party but will hew hard to the truth. as we find it and the right as we see it. Vol. 51 TEXAS, MARCH 4, 1960 10c per copy No. 48 Texans Nix Federal Aid WASHINGTON Sen. Lyndon Johnson is seeking to follow a course of support for part and opposition to the rest of the pending civil rights legislation without alienating his Southern support for president. He has flatly endorsed the protection of voting rights for all citizens. He hasonce again announced opposition to giving the U. S. Attorney General legal power to take court action against civil rights violations. And he is reported determined to oppose a proposed Congressional endorsement of public .school desegregation. He has insisted on round-the AUSTIN A few rocks were packed into the political snowballs flying between Atty. Gen. Will Wilson and Speaker Waggoner Carr this week. Wilson said Carr is leaving an office, speaker of the House, in which “Carr could have done something about improving our penal codes.” The legislature did not take any real action on law enforcement commission changes in the criminal code, Wilson said. Campaigning in Harlingen, Carr said that Wilson has “ignored” Texas drug traffic to “make headlines in other fields” and that a “wide awake” attorney general could clean up the narcotics problem in three months. Wilson predicted he will be opposed by “professional gamblers, the loan sharks, and the boys who want to disregard anti-trust laws.” Earlier, Rex G. Baker, former Humble Oil general counsel, endorsed Carr. From East Texas, Carr criticized people who wanted to do away with the Democratic Party in state affairs, evidently a slam at Wilson for his remarks in an Observer interview that he does not believe in two-party politics at the state level. Carr also said that Gatesville training school for boys has facilities for only 800 boys but has to handle 1,200. clock debate in an attempt to break the Southerners’ present filibuster, and most of the liberals have approved of his procedures, while some of the Southerners have criticized him harshly for them. ‘Impossible to Vote’? Johnson’s dilemma is not only the tension between his Southern support for the presidency and his need to appeal to liberals in the rest of the country, but also the conflict between his previous defenses of the filibuster and the Southerners’ present use of that weapon to thwart civil rights. If the filibuster prevails now, Johnson can anticipate bitter and Wilson said in Houston that vice cleanups attract industry. He also said he is setting up an animal health enforcement section in his office, predicting this will help establish meat processing business in Texas. In Abilene, he told livestock auctioneers that agricultural “factories without roofs” are a part of his plan for industrial expansion in Texas. This, he explained, “does not necessarily mean a smokestack in every cotton patch, but a full utilization and home processing of our natural resources.” Jack Cox, taking to TV, said he did not believe that “labor bosses can dictate as to how the thousands in labor will cast their votes. Certainly I know how Reuther, Hoffa, and Beck feel about me. However, I’m thankful they do not speak for the rank and file of labor.” Cox endorsed the right to work law, saying he did not believe any man should be forced to join a union before he can get a job. He advocated a two-term limit on Texas governors. He criticized “the insurance mess,” “the governor’s proposal to put an additional penny tax on gasoline,” his failure to call a special session for teachers’ pay raises, and the state being “broke and bankrupt.” He said the Governor got a speech date cancelled on him, which the pointed criticism for his earlier protections of that parliamentary tradition of the Senate. He is aware of this. Announcing Feb. 15 that civil rights would be taken up, he said: “I have a great deal of confidence in the Senate. I think our procedures are adequate to produce meaningful legislation that will … ‘strengthen the right of all our citizens to vote . . .” By last Saturday, Feb. 27, faced with the certainty of the roundthe-clock sessions which began Monday, Johnson was permitting some concern to show. He said then: “We have spent almost 150 hours now on the pending substi Governor’s office said Daniel never heard of. Daniel, clearly taking what he hopes is a downwind tack, was not troubling to campaign much. His best gust: a visit from Elliott M. Little, chairman of the board of Anglo Southern Paper Corp., Quebec, in connection with the firm’s plan to build a $60 million pulp and paper mill near Texarkana. Little said a key factor in selecting northeast Texas was “the favorable attitude toward business,” and other considerations were available water, timber, and labor. Little told Daniel, “you have done a great deal to create an atmosphere to attract people to Texas.” Daniel said he will not call a teachers’ session before May 7. Don Yarborough, Lt. Gov. Ben Ramsey’s challenger, married Kay Edwards, Houston Press reporter, and was not concerned about political speechmaking. Sen. Ralph Yarborough gave the couple a luncheon in Washington, an event not without political implications. Rep. John Crosthwait, completing his 18th year as a legislator from Dallas, withdrew from his re-election campaign, giving reasons of health. In San Antonio, Ike Kampmann, prominent Republican, announced for the State Senate against Whoever wins the Democratic nomination. WASHINGTON If federal aid for school construction and teacher salaries is dependent on support from the Texas delegation in the U. S. House, it apparently faces rough sledding. An Observer spot check of the offices of representatives from each section of Texas showed almost complete opposition to any type of broad federal aid to education as the House prepared to take up the issue on the floor. Many of the congressmen apparently are basing their opposition on the fact that most of their mail on the issue opposes federal aid. Congressman Jim Wright of Weatherford, who recently endorsed the principle of federal aid to schools, is beginning to find support at home. By mid-week Wright’s mail was running close to fifty-fifty on the issue. This was surprising, since in previous years the mail has been overwhelmingly from persons opposed to federal aid. Wright polled his constituents in 1956 and found 62 percent in favor of some type of federal aid. Wright and Wright Patman are the only Texas congressmen who have said they were in favor of federal aid. There may be others among the Texas delegation, but if so, they have given their views little circulation. In 1957 all of the Texas Congressmen voted against a school construction bill, which failed to pass the House by six votes. Mail to Omar Burleson \(Anfederal aid in about a half dozen letters a day. He is opposed to federal aid. receiving a mailbox ratio of about ten to one in opposition to federal aid. He is opposed to federal aid to education and has introduced his own bills on the subject since 1952. They call for keeping back one percent of the federal income tax paid by Texans to use for Texas schools. has been opposed to federal aid. He is receiving “heavy mail” on the issue, all against the proposals. Walter Rogers’s office estimates that the mail is about nine to one in opposition to federal school aid. The Pampa congressman is “realistically” opposed. The only congressman who was not in the House when the 1957 school construction bill came up, Robert Casey of Houston, said he believes schools should be financed and run locally. He has received “no great clamor” for the federal aid to education proposals, he said. Mail on the subject has been light, almost all against federal aid. Casey said that he is not opposed to strong schools, but he thinks they can be strengthened locally. A refusal of the Texas legislature to further help schools with state aid might “influence” his thinking on federal aid. In a recent newsletter Clark he was still opposed to federal aid “even for construction, and I expect to continue my opposition until such time as my people instruct me otherwise.” Apparently, a final version of school aid this year will propose less money than the Senate bill passed a few weeks ago and more than the current House bill. The Senate version, which both Texas senators supported, calls for $1.8 billion for school construction and teachers’ salaries over a two-year period. The bill being reported out of the House education and labor committee this week \(H.R. school construction over a threeyear Period. Under the House bill Texas would receive $18.5 million or more each year. The state would have to match the funds the second and third years. Four Texas Congressmen voted against overriding the President’s veto of increased grants for the Water Pollution Control Act. Voting to sustain the veto were Bruce Alger, John Dowdy, and Walter’ Rogers. Not voting but paired against the override was George Mahon. The veto was not overridden. ANNE AND JAKE LEWIS Rocks in the Snowballs H. L. Hunt of Dallas Alpaca Reviewed, Page 5