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VISUALIZING ‘A READING TEXAS’ BURNET “Anderson, name the books you have read in the last two years, and their authors.” The young naval officer had undergone hours of intensive questioning from Admiral Hyman G. Rickover. He was being considered for an important job, but he was very tired. His mind simply went blank. One title came to him but he fumbled the author’s name. “Good-bye,” said the Admiral, ter minating the interview with finality. At home Anderson told his wife, “I don’t know what jab he had in mind for me, but I know I’ll never get it.” He was sure that he read a little more than the average man, and the desire to recover the ground he had lost on that last question nagged at him. Quietly, he began recalling the subjects of books. With his wife’s help, he soon had a list of 24 or so titles and authors. With some apprehension, he mailed it to the Admiral. Not long after he was ordered to Washington. He had been selected to command the Nautilus on the first nuclear powered submarine’s first voyage under the Arctic ice pack. Commander Anderson tells of the intrepid, history-making voyage in Nautilus 90 North. Admiral Rickover has since intimated that Ahderson had practically been eliminated for the assignment until his reading record was received. IF HIS READING record was decisive in selecting a commander for a voyage over a dangerous and untried route, what a test of fitness it would be when applied to the men we need to lead so-rich Texas up from its poverty-stricken colleges, schools, and hospitals ; from its over-crowded crime prevention and rehabilitation agencies. We shall know the names of our candidates before February, but how shall we know what manner of men and women they are ? The words they speak so often are the words of other men ; the words written about them cover their actions but seldom reveal their ideals, the processes through which their opinions are formed and judgments matured. “A book,” wrote Disraeli, “may be as great as a battle.” J. Frank Dobie tells how an unknown yourig man who read just the right book at the right time was responsible for the establish About the Author AUSTIN This week’s guest columnist is Miss Edwin Sue Goree of Burnet. Miss Goree is a professional librarian. She worked in the State Library in Austin and was responsible for the establishment of the Burnet County library, of which she was librarian until she recently retired. She has been an outspoken advocate of libraries for the rural towns and small cities of the state. this writer. The senior senator’s well known affability makes it painful to call his arrogance to account, but called it must be. NOW, BACK to Rep. Norris, and his final successful fight to end bossism in the House. It went on for years, please remember. When the golden opportunity came to the Nebraskan, his resolution to change the rules of the House and return the selection of committee members to the body of the House had been carried in his pocket so long that it had become tattered to the point of disintegration. As he wrote when a senator : “I felt I knew the temper of the House, growing resentment against the ironclad orders Mr. Cannon had imposed. I had waited so long, watchful day after day during weeks of weary frustration, for the opportunity ment of the great Newberry Library of Chicago. Robert Downs has written of Books That Changed the World. If our candidates are average readersone book a month, perhaps will they be more likely to advocate more laws to control crime, or a reformed Gatesville and Huntsville? Will they urge the industrialization of Texas and pledge their best efforts against organized labor in the same paragraph? Will they, if elected, continue to economize on the University, colleges, and schools whose teachers and students constantly uncover the vast natural resources of Texas? It is reported that Russia publishes 65,000 books a year against 15,000 in the U. S. A. But our 15,000 come from a free press, presenting the truth as we are constantly learning it, and the many-sided views of the present and the future. We term some of the books “slanted,” “reactionary,” “liberal,” but we are free to read them all, accepting or rejecting them in \(Senator Lyndon Johnson Tuesday voted against an amendment to include primary elections in the Hennings bill setting election spending limits and providing reporting requirements. The amendment passed Tuesday, 50 to 39, the opposition coming mainly from Southern Democrats and conservative Republicans. \(The amendment would subject’ candidates for federal offices in state primary elections to campaign spending limits and reporting requirements of the Corrupt Practices Act. In the debate, our Washington correspondents advise, Hennings clearly stated the issue”whether we want the people to know who contributes to our primary campaigns, or whether we want to keep that information secret.” Johnson gave his anszcer Tuesday night. \(Sen. Ralph Yarborough voted with the tinajority of Democrats for the Hennings amendment. He was the only senator from the Deep South WASHINGTON Democratic liberals in the Senate may bypass Majority Leader Lyndon Johnson and turn to the Democratic Advisory Council for guidance on party policy for the remainder of the Congress. Indications of this cropped up on the Senate floor this week as liberals fought to include Southern primary elections in a clean elections bills. of the leaders in the original revolt against Johnson, gave the first inkling. “Having received no policy guidance from the committee itself, having had no opportunity to obtain policy guidance in the Democratic conference, and having no expression of I felt would present itself in good season.” That time will come to Senator Gore and his eleven valiant cohorts one of these days. Sometime, somewhere, we ‘must have an abiding faith, the Democratic Party will become democratic ; the party hacks and those who use it to hoist themselves ever higher in the scale of personal ambition will stand naked, stripped of their pretensions and power. In that good time, we who have unshakable faith in Ralph Yarborough will be happy that he was in the forefront of the first move in this direction, and that he could say, about Johnson, what the late Senator Norris said of Cannon: “But I had no personal feeling against the Speaker. My opposition was solely to his frightful abuse of power. I had not prepared that resolution to punish an individual. I was shooting at the system.” FRANKLIN JONES whole or in part. Russia’s 65,000 books are dedicated to bending the mind of man in one direction. How important that the average American read at least a few of our 15,000. “Newspapers, magazines, TV, and radio keep us educated,” some say. “We do not need books.” Is a single issue of a newspaper or magazine published or a TV or radio program released without recourse to the stored up knowledge between the covers of books ? The mass media are for today; books are for all time. A READING TEX A S would continue the benefits of our expensive educational system. Voters would have to read to select the names not to scratch. When our candidate mentioned a favorite book, we would work a little harder for him; when he mentioned an unfamiliar one, we would rush to the nearest library or bookstore. We would need many and better libraries in our towns and schools. Our journalists would have opinion from the leadership as to what it thinks the policy should be, I am constrained to turn to the only authority in the Democratic Party which has expressed as a matter of policy its view on this subject, namely the DAC . . . ,” Clark said during debate on the bill. Johnson’s first outspoken critic, was on his feet immediately to commend the move to follow the DAC’s announced policy on the bill. Proxmire described the move as “most significant,” “highly important,” and lauded Clark for calling the Senate’s attention to “the recommendations of these “. .. I believe that January 18, 1960, will go downat least in my book as a most important day because of the fact that the senator from Pennsylvania has called the Democrats in this body to recognize that the only group of nationally recognized Democrats who attempt to arrive at a thoughtful and responsible Democratic Party position is the advisory committee of the Democratic National Committee,” Proxmire ‘said. “This is Party Responsibility Day, 1960.” The DAC, in a detailed policy statement issued in 1958, endorsed the move to bring primaries as well as general elections under the clean election bill. An attempt by Sen. Tom vision was defeated in committee by a 5-4 vote \(four Democrats, one ReHennings later, on the floor Of the Senate, introduced an amendment to bring the primaries into the bill. This amendment was being debated when Clark and Proxmire introduced the DAC into the picture. DAC POLICY, of course, is no more binding on the Senate Democrats than are the words of Johnson. However, as Clark and Proxmire pointed out, the DAC includes some highly distinguished DemocratsHarry Truman, Averell Harriman, Gov. David Lawrence of Pennsylvania, Adlai Stevenson, Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt, John Kennedy, Hubert Humphrey. The DAC is an official arm of the Democratic National Committee, created by it to provide party policy between presidential elections. Johnson and Rayburn have refused to join the DAC and consider it a usurper of their leadership rights. Clark, carefully laying the groundwork for the statements about the DAC, took some rather sharp, if oblique, pokes at the leadership or lack of it. tt . . we have no policy committee, and it is said that we do not need one. I suggest that the pending bill is about as good evidence as we can get that we need a real policy committee; that we should have an opportunity to de to read in order to conduct the unrigged quizzes of candidates on radio and TV. In time Texans would cease to vote for candidates as they buy Joy, Comet and Dashon the basis of superior advertising. And there may be another most important result. In order to read even a little, one must set aside some part of each day for quiet. This might reduce the number of heart attacks, ulcers, and other diseases of our tense, too-fast age. The whole changing world is demanding a change of emphasis, to humanism, away from materialism. There is evidence that people who love the soil of Texas are ready to give their devotion to leaders in whom they recognize that precious quality of empathy. There have been times in which Texans were able to vote for such men and women ; we have elected a few. Give us many more in This Year of our Lord, 1960. EDWIN SUE GOREE termine what the party policy on an important piece of proposed legislation of this sort should be. But we do not.” . . . I hope and believe that the Senate leadership of the Democratic Party will, also follow that lead \(DAC position abundantly clear before we come to vote on this matter. If they have any reasons for not following that lead, I wonder whether they will be kind enough to state those reasons on the floor of the Senate before this matter comes to a vote, so that we who wish, when possible, to bend over backwards in endeavoring to follow our duly elected leadership may have an opportunity to consider any views they may have . . .” And Proxmire, too: “Many of us in the Senate have been asking for .a long time for some opportunity to take part in determining policy for our partya responsible policy. The Senator from Pennsylvania has. pointed out very well that we do not really have that opportunity. He has also pointed out that there is an eminent body of well qualified, thoughtful, responsible, and very, very distinguished Americans who have assumed that responsibility.” NEEDLESS to explain, perhaps, Southern Democrats from one-party states oppose the inclusion of primaries in a clean elections bill because the real elections in the South occur in the primaries. A clean elections bill which excludes primaries in effect exempts the South. Such an exemption extends, of course, to oneparty Texas. Whether the DAC references foretell new lines in the Senate debates among the Democrats, the references are a plain indication that the liberals do not intend to let Johnson rest this session. ANNE AND JAKE LEWIS AT UST-rm COMPLETELY SECURE IN HEBEI” Washington Post & Times-Herald Sen. Gore’s Precedent Senate Liberals Turn to DAC