Page 5


Labor hoed Now at LBJ Our U.S. Senators Have a Discussion Texas labor’s attitude toward Lyndon Johnson has chilled as a result of labor’s understanding of Johnson’s role on the labor bill issue. Foremost point: they take it to be firmly established that Johnson contacted House Speaker Sam Rayburn overnight to get him to raise a point of order, on his own, which killed a conference committee agreement pending to authorize picketing at common sites on construction jobs \(sites where there may be several companies or trades, but fewer than all of them Meany, president of national AFLCIO, has publicly criticized Rayburn, blaming him for LandrumGriffin’s passage. Some Texas congressmen can expect spirited opposition from labor next spring, too, because of Landrum-Griffin, but also because most of the Texans have been illiberal on many other issues. State AFL-CIO president Jerry Holleman, captioning his weekly newsletter “LBJ All The Way?” said Johnson’s efforts left conclusions “which are perhaps best left to be said at our next state COPE meeting. Of primary concern to many of our members will be the unfortunate record of activities on the part of the Senate majority leader during these hectic days when the conference committee was laboring to bring forth a bill. Persons who have fretted about labor’s position with respect to the majority leader will likely be reassured to know that the past is only prologue,” Holleman said. Expect more big-name liberal Democrat speakers in Texas this fall; and not all of them deferential to Johnson’s presidential candidacy. BRAINPOWER IS OUR MOST VITAL RESOURCE! You can’t dig education out . the earth. There’s only one place where business and industry can get the educated men and women so vitally needed for future progress. That’s from our colleges and universities. Today these institutions are doing their best to meet the need. But they face a crisis. The demand for brains is increasing fast, and so is the pressure ed college applications. More money must be raised each year to expand ficilitiesbring faculty salaries up to an adequate standardprovide a sound education for the young people who need and deserve it. As a practical business pleasure, help the colleges or universities of your choicenow[ The returns will be greater than you think. If you want to know what the &lege crisis means to you, write/ for so fro* booklet tot HIGHER EDUCATION. Sax 36, Times Soucy* Stade% New York 36, New York. Shaw transportation Company, Inc. E. P. SHAW, PRESIDENT Houston, Texas JIn “Ideas at Work,” John Hinds, director of public relations for Texas Manufacturers’ Assn., remarks, “The greatest public relations job that any firm can do is to assist its employees in accepting the challenge of preserving the American way of life.” Congressman John Dowdy, Athens, told the Lufkin Rotary Club that liberals are “national socialists clothed in a cloak of pseudo-liberalism.” j Rep. Jerry Sadler, Percilla, reported considering opposing Dowdy, instead announced for land commissioner. Incumbent Bill Allcorn has said he will seek re-election. /A new political party is call ed for by the Dallas News: . neither the Republican nor Democratic Party means anything,” said the paper. Dan Smoot of Dallas will speak to a meeting of conservatives in Chicago in October to study the need for a third party. j Houston Chronicle, speculat ing on Sen. Johnson’s appear ance before the liberal Democrats at Galveston, said, “It seems Johnson was trying to make sure that he keeps at least a portion , of the liberal-labor group. His main support, however, is expected to come from the coalition his supporters have with the forces of Gov. Price Daniel … The biennial liberal-conservative fight for party control is expected to be close next year. Because of the closeness, Sen. Johnson probably holds the outcome in his hands.” j Recent statements by top oil J “public affairs” specialists indicate two of the most politically active oil companies are taking different routes in “getting business into politics.” The essential point of difference, between Continental Oil Company and Gulf Oil Corporation, is in attitudes toward labor. Says Conoco VicePresident Harry J. Kennedy, “Abdication of political responsibilty has led to the businessman’s influence becoming merely negative. Hence, when their voices have been heard, they have been dubbed reactionary and antiunion.” The official said Conoco “rejects” the idea business should “create some kind of countervailing or anti-union center of power or political force.” Gulf, on the other hand, took a sharply different stance. Said Vice-President Archie D. Gray, Gulf “is stepping up its interest in practical politics, particularly in such areas as it can oppose labor’s mounting political power,” to counter “the unholy combination of predatory gangsterism and crackpot socialism that is thriving and expanding under labor’s congressional benevolence.” / The state’s dailies generaally gave front-page prominence to the presidential poll conduct ed by University of Texas’s Young Democrats. The poll, which found more students supporting Democrats than Republicans but listed Nixon over any other single candidate, reached 1,579 students. Result: Nixon 487, Kennedy 300, Johnson, 298, Stevenson, 221, Rockefeller 112, Symington 20, Humphrey 17, MacArthur .12, Ke fauver 11, Goldwater 8, and others. Tulia Herald Editor, H. M. Baggarly noted approvingly the flurry of speculation about Ralph Yarborough’s vice-presidential possibilities and drew a parallel for his readers: “It is doubtful if there existed in California any man in public life of smaller stature than Richard Nixon in 1952 … He just happened to be in the right place at the right time … Ralph Yarborough is a giant alongside Richard Nixon.” JDallas Times-Herald noted that the widespread support for the forthcoming Truman Rally in Dallas is giving loyalist leaders an opportunity to “dig their spurs into conservatives” who have “remained aloof.” Organized by Dan Patton and other Dallas County loyalist Democrats who contended that County Chairman Ed Drake and the conservative leadership were doing nothing to help the party’s cause nationally, the October 17 rally has drawn endorsement from Sens. Johnson and Yarborough, Speaker Sam Rayburn, National Committeeman Byron Skelton, Committeewoman Mrs. R. D. Randolph, State Chairman J. Ed Connally, several Texas Congressmen and members of the state Democratic executive committee,” the paper said. Responded Dan Patton, happily: “It is gratifying …” j Dallas News gave no sym pathy to proposals Truman replace Butler as National Democratic chairman because “substituting Truman for Butler will not better matters, at least from the standpoint of the South. … It seems that the South no longer has a place in the Democratic Party that will not bring it occasional embarrassment.” The solution, says the News: “A sincere move to set up a Southern Democratic Party would make both Democrats and Republicans sit up and take notice.” j San Antonio Newsman James McCrory reported the formation of “a strong courthouse coalition of the county’s political heavies,” including perennial Sheriff Owen Kilday, his former bitter opponent, tax collector P. E. Dickison, two liberal leaders, District Attorney Charlie Lieck and County Commissioner Albert Pena, and County Judge Charles Anderson. Pena, described by reporter McCrory as the prime mover in the move, is trying to have “Lieck and the sheriff bury the hatchet someplace other than in each other’s skulls.” Also lined up for the coalition, says the report, are the majority of JP’s and constables, and every county commissioner but Sam Jorrie of silk-stocking Alamo Heights. j Straws in the wind: Liberals are not especially mad at Will Wilson, opines Margaret Mayer of Dallas Times-Herald. As for Tom Reavley’s race for attorney general, the same reporter predicts his organization will be more conservative than his opening labor day speech in West Texas would indicate. JCorpus Christi Caller corny mended the migrant labor stand taken by assistant labor secretary Newell Brown in a speech before the Texas Citrus and Vegetable Growers and Shippers Association. Said Brown: “No major party in America will support this do-nothing approach to a social problem of this magnitude.” If employers don’t do something about wages and working conditions, he said, Congress will pass “more or less drastic reform legislation” at the next session. Responded the Caller: “The citizen migrant agricultural worker is truly the forgotten man in the labor movement in the United States. But it would be a mistake to believe he will always be. … Strong forces are already at work in his behalf … a House subcommittee … organized labor … the Catholic Church. Farm organizations should be making plans now for the day when only Americans will be permitted to work on farms in the United States. … The political and social problems posed by migrant citizen workers cannot be ignored much longer,” said the paper. AUSTIN Sens. Lyndon Johnson and Ralph Yarborough, between whom there is a political tension, met before Yarborough’s radioTV audience this week. Johnson said: “I think that the Texas delegation is at an all time high in Congress. I don’t know that we have ever had a group of men that have cooperated more together, and I appreciate very much the very able leadership that you have given that delegation, particularly in the educational field and the fine bills that y o u have personally passed through the Senate.” Yarborough said the session had been “one of the hardest working sessions of record” and asked Johnson “what you consider the most important laws passed.” Johnson replied, “Ralph, Dick Russell was repeating to me this morning what Speaker Rayburn said to me last week, that he thought that this had been the hardest working and most constructive first session of a Congress that he had served in. Now, Speaker Rayburn has been here 40 odd years and Dick Russell has been here 20 odd years, and that speaks very well for the Congress. “First, I’m proud of the fact that those of us who were branded as spenders have actually saved $1,800,000 from the President’s appropriation request. Second, we have been able to enact a labor reform law that I think will not penalize the legitimate labor unions, and at the same time will control the racketeers. Third, I think we have passed over the President’s veto a constructive conservation of our pub AUSTIN In the first post-session week, Senator Lyndon Johnson had criticism for President Eisenhower, silence for Paul Butler, and in areas somewhat more complex handled himself with care concerning the visit of Nikita Khrushchev, the presidential appointment of a Johnson endorsed federal judge in East Texas, and the question of whether or not Price Daniel will chairman the Texas delegation to the Democratic national convention. From his Johnson City ranch, the majority leader responded in a press statement to charges by Eisenhower that the just-ended Congress represented an “historic turnabout,” in which the Republicans were right on spending, foreign aid, and the cutting of “lavish” projjects. The President added that Congress “distorted the shape of the budget” producing a net effect that “increases, not decreases, federal spending.” Johnson responded that the “sweeping, partisan attack upon a session of constructive accomplishment” represented an effort by Eisenhower to launch a “cold war” at home “when we are still so far from a settlement of the cold war problems of the world.” This is not the voice of a man who united the free world against its enemies, Johnson said. In the aftermath of the Democratic National Committee meet ing, Johnson made no reference to Butler’s restatement that the lie works bill that will result in 67 new starts in the nation next year. Fourth, I think that we have passed a good housing bill. Even though it has been vetoed by the President I think the new bill will be signed by him and that it will continue to serve the America that we love and want to see grow.” Yarborough: “You have mentioned these national measures. now tell us what laws you think are most important to Texas.” Johnson: “Well, I don’t think there is any bill that has been passed that is any more important to Texas than your G.I. Cold War Educational Bill which you authored. I think that Texas River Basins Bill which you worked with along with the other members of the delegation in creating a water study by our state will be very important. I think that the civil functions bill that brings new starts and appropriates money for dams already under construction in Texas is extremely important.” Yarborough: “Lyndon, I want to thank you for you5. leadership and help on the G.I. Bill. By that aid and leadership it passed the Senate by a vote of 57 to 31. It is in the House, and under our rules when we come back it will be pending for passage…. Johnson: “I think it is very important. We have extremely necessary studies on foreign policy now being made by the committee headed by Senator Fulbright of Arkansas. We have a study of inflation being made by Senator Douglas, and we have several important studies that will result in new laws in the