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Sam Reverses Self Speaker Sam Rayburn, formerly opposed to raising the federal gasoline sales tax, switched his position and supported “the Rayburn compromise” for highway financing, a one-cent gasoline tax increase for 12 months. The House ways and means committee beat Rayburn 13-12 and supported instead a onecent increase for 22 months. Rayburn said at a news conference in Washington Monday, “We’ve reached the point now where we’ve got to get some money from some source.” He conceded he has abandoned his view flatly opposing any boost in the gasoline tax. Senator Johnson also opposed , the gasoline tax earlier as a regressive tax on consumption. President Eisenhower has requested a 1.5 cents increase in the gasoline sales tax. Eisenhower said the one-cent, 22-month federal increase would be “a step in the right direction.” Governor Daniel of Texas has led a campaign among many governors against this increase on grounds that the gasoline sales tax source ought to be reserved to the states. Daniel is considering recommending a gasoline tax increase if he calls a fourth special session. Nolionky_Tonk’Beach IF NOT, WHY NOT? Send Austin. your money, or anybody’s money, to 504 W. 24th St., Four dollars will do, temporarily \( for a Over $133 Million Insurance In Force JneterAtizieA INSURANCE COMPANY P. 0. Box 8098 Houston, Texas HAROLD E. RILEY Vice-President and Director of Agencies NOW! life insurance protection for your family during vital years… Wede all premiums returned gee4 dividends *ea. this is now possible through modern life insurance planning with the SUN LIFE ASSURANCE COMPANY OF CANADA, one of North America’s leading life companies. The new Sun Life Security Fund “insurance or money-back” plan enables you to provide life insurance protection for your family until you are 65 with a guar. antee that, if you live to 65, all the money you paid will be refunded to you in full … plus accumulated dividends. eh , policy for the original sum assured, with a balance which can be taken in cash or as a guaranteed income. Call the Sun Life representative in your district for more information about the Sun Life “money-back” plan, or mail this coupon today. NV. 0111M11 WINN. INNIM .1111. SUN LIFE OF CANADA MARTIN ELFANT 201 Century Bonding Masten, Texas CA 4-N116 Without obligation, would like more details of the new Sun Lift. Soeurity fund plan. NAME ADDRESS A01 LBJ Strong in Polls Condemning a “honky-tonk beach” on Padre Island, Sen. Ralph Yarborough committed himself to a national seashore area stretching along 110 of the island’s 118 miles. On his radio broadcast he said 110 miles of the island is still in the primitive state the Karankawas knew. “Somebody wants to put a little park on about 30 miles in the middle of the island,” he said. “My bill provides for Lie full 110 miles.” “I am opposed to those who want to make it a little honkytonk beach which would deny visitors the elbow room they need,” he said in a statement. Sen. Richard Neuberger, Oregon, on Yarborough’s program, causes the people to become more interested in the politicians involved,” Holleman concluded. “The Texas Businessman,” an advisory for businessman published in Austin, says that labor now “must” knock off some congressmen in Texas, and that Texas labor looks bad to national labor because though it has done well in Texas state government, in Washington it ended up with “near flat zeroes.” What about this? Holleman was asked. “Our efforts are pretty consistenturging and trying to achieve constant participation at all times. This will not change.” He said it is “not true” Texas labor has underfocused on the congressmen. Instead, he said, “We’ve underfocused on all levels, and we want more activity on all levels, which we hope will affect all races.” “We have tried to educate our people to base their judgment on records, performances, over a period of time,” Holleman concluded, “and where any officeholder has a good performance record, a mistake on his part disappoints us, but it doesn’t necessarily case us to stop regarding him as our friend.” Picketing Outlawed? Clinton’s letter went, in slightly different form, to Sens. Johnson and Yarborough, with copies of the letter to Johnson to Speaker Rayburn and the other Texas Congressmen. He called the L-G bill “a devastating piece of legislation, particularly Title VII.” He called secVII “farreaching and revolutionary” and said it “simply must not become law.” The section, he continued, would make it an unfair labor THE TEXAS OBSERVER Page 8 August 28, 1959 said the Senate interior affairs committee should go to the Padre Island area for hearings. “I understand, Ralph, that it is one of the most beautiful and most scenic shorelines in the whole world.” Sen. James Murray, chairman of the interior committee, introduced a bill to appropriate $50 million to buy ten national shore line areas, including Padre Island, and study ten others, and to aid states in establishing beach recreation areas. A maximum of 60,000 acres would be acquired at Padre Island. Yarborough did not join as a co-sponsor, believing the Padre park might be established more easily through a separate bill. practice “to induce or encourage any individual employed by any person to engage in a refusal in the course of his employment to transport or perform any services where in either case an object thereof is forcing or requiring any person to cease or agree to cease handling, transporting, the products of any other producer or to cease, or agree to cease, doing business with any other person.” \(The wording is shortened Said lawyer’ Clinton: “This language simply means that peaceful picketing and oral communication … at the picket line” against a struck employer “are unfair labor practices.” This is so, he said, because the federal NLRB and the courts have held that peaceful picketing is a way to “induce or encourage” any individual. Picketing, he said, inherently is intended to cause individuals to refuse while employed to transport goods or perform services for the struck firm. In the presidential polling, Sen. Lyndon Johnson lost two percentage points, from 14 to 12 percent, but still finished third behind Kennedy and Stevenson, according to Dr. Gallup. Congressional Quarterly, in a poll answered by 55 percent of the Demo crats in Congress, reported Johnson moved from third to first place for president with 32 percent of the vote against Stevenson’s 18 and Symington’s 18. Johnson received 39 of his 60 votes from the South, gained storm elsewhere. The Houston Post polled the state committees and county chairmen of both parties and members of the legislature, receiving responses from 45 percent of those polled. Among both Republicans and Democrats, Johnson was named first for president by 51 percent. Among the Democrats: Johnson 67 percent, Stevenson 13, Symington 8, Kennedy 7. Among the Republicans: Johnson 24 percent, Kennedy 20, Stevenson 13, Symington 13. Texas Republicans on the Republican nominee: Nixon 92 percent, Rockefeller 5. Texas Democrats on the Republican nominee: Rockefeller 43 percent, Nixon 30. A page on Texans in Washington. President Eisenhower signed Sen. Yarborough’s bill which permits about 7,000 Korean War veterans to secure additional education or training under the GI bill. It gives veterans the right to change their program from their original field as they work toward higher degrees than the B.A. \(This is not to be confused with Yarborough’s bill for postYarborough spoke and voted for a bill to establish a Youth Conservation Corps, which passed the Senate 47-45. It would pay youths working on U. S. conservation projects $60 a month plus food, clothing, shelter, medical care, andeducation. Yarborough said it would “help free those youngsters now wandering through the asphalt jungle and let them breathe the spirit of the Sequoias.” “Would you who oppose a youth conservation corps instead build more youth correction institutions?” he asked. He said, on a program on which Sen. Paul Douglas was his guest, that he is working with “this great economist … to try to hold down interest rates and to fight inflation in our time.” He introduced a bill to author= At Texas Tech, a poll of 103 students gave Johnson 41 votes, with Kennedy and Nixon tied with 21. A Lower Rio Grande Valley group formed to urge Johnson to accept the nomination if offered. Sen. George Smathers, Fla., said Johnson has the most illustrious record of the possible candidates. Sen. Johnson again denied the Democratic Congress are “big spenders.” He said CongresS will cut the Eisenhower budget “hundreds of millions of dollars,” bringing the total of such cuts to more than $10 million. Johnson yielded to liberal pressure to try to override Eisenhower’s veto of the housing bill. As he voted to override, he said, “Too many people have nailed to the masthead the banner, ‘all or nothing.’ ” There were 55 votes to override; 65 were needed. Johnson was quoted afterward, “I think it merely demonstrates that if a billy goat jumps up and hits his head against the wall and falls back, and if he hits his head against the wall again, and again falls back, he will realize the futility of it.” Sen. Kenneth Keating, R.-N. Y., condemned Johnson on a charge the Texan “calls the shots” on judgeships. “You must clear through. Lyndon,” he said. ize construction of a private toll bridge across the Rio Grande near Los Indios. Willacy County Cmsrs. Court asked the Congress to authorize the San Benito International Bridge Co. to build the bridge and collect the tolls. Yarborough endorsed Sen. Magnuson’s bill to appropriate $48 million for educational TV, which he said can help the teacher and classroom shortages while preserving state and local control. Johnson praised Congress, especially for the public works bill benefiting Texas with projects worth $33 million. The projects: McGee Bend dam, $5.8 million; Gulf intracoastal waterway, Guadalupe River channel to Victoria, $600,000; Gulf intercoastal waterway, near Aransas Pass, $962,000; Port Aransas-Corpus Christi waerway, $1.3 million; channel to La Quinta, $954,000; Canyon reservoir, $2 million; San Antonio Channel, $800,000; Corpus Christi bridge, $486,000; channel to Port Mansfield, $150,000; Colorado River channel, $400,000. Congressional Quarterly reported Johnson voted with the West 11 times, the South 12, in 1956: the West 25 times, the South 23, in 1957; and the West 25 times, the South 15, in 1958. Texas cotton manufacturers and textile mill owners petitioned Johnson and Rayburn to try to get tariffs raised against imported textile goods. They showed the two Texans two pairs of pants made of identical cotton cloth: the one, from Japan, retails for V, the other, made in the U.S., retails for almost $4. Johnson and Rayburn said they will do what they can to, help the Texas textile group. Sen. Johnson said Krushchev’s visit “could do much for the whole world … I have long advocated the open curtain.” \(Sen. Yarborough said “some good may Rep. John Dowdy, Athens, was one of ten members of the House judiciary committee who condemned the civil rights bill reported out by the majority of the committee as “the quintessence of evil.” In the Senate, Sen. Eastland’s committee continued to delay, Sen. Hennings forced the issue on the floor by introducing a rider to a bill to come up shortly, and Sen. Johnson worked for compromise. NOT NECESSARILY SAD Ralph’s Bill Signed