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One in Bush, Two in ;Hand AUSTIN The members of the new House of Representatives who have not committed themselves to Waggoner Carr or Joe Burkett for speaker are now being courted and cajoled by the candidates and their supporters in the House. Both sides claim victory with figures either impossible or hilarious. Carr said early this week he has 77 signed pledges and three more in the mail. Burkett said he has 77 signed pledges. This totals 157, but there are only 150 members of the House. Either somebody is considering one bird in the bush as good as two in the hand or several astute members of the legislative chamber signed pledge cards to both Carr and Burkett to make sure they had a winner. Carr said he’d lay his pledges on the table right now if Burkett would, too; otherwise, he said, he is asking the members pledged to him for permission to do it anyway. Ten Burkett men charged Carr with “grossly misrepresenting” his support. Burkett said Carr has only 58 pledges, with 15 members still uncommitted. Rep. Lou Dugas, Orange, said he would “eat his hat on the Capitol steps” if Carr proved he had more than 60 pledges. Although hats may not be the entree, one side or the other will have to season their words to taste between now and next January. The Week in texas WAIVVVVVAAAIVVVVVVVW11″/%1V\\AAAAAI YOUR SAVINGS EARN MORE Accounts Insured To Current $10,000 Rate 4% Per Annum ALICE SAVINGS & Loan Association BOB MULLEN Vice-President Mullen Building Alice MO 4-5446 + Member of the Piano Technicians Guild, Inc. Douglas R. Strong PIANO TECHNICIAN Tuning, Repairing, Rebuilding JAckson 3-1276 808 Harold. Houston 6, Texas The Lion and the Oxen In union, there is strength. The fable of the Lion and the Oxen illustrates this lesson very forcibly. As long as the three Oxen stayed together, the Lion dared not attack. But `the king of beasts’ sowed dissension and jealousy amongst 160 his adversaries, and they separated. It was then easy for the Lion to attack and destroy them one by one. VI When you become a policyholder of this In Sun Life, also, there is strength. great international company, you become one of a group of farsighted men and women the holders of two million policies and group certificates in 25 countries who protect their families and themselves against an uncertain future through the medium of life insurance. life insurance I problems with obligation. me today? You will be Houston, Texas 201 Century Building SUN LIFE OF CANADA under no Why not discuss your MARTIN ELFANT 414 The racial situation. Baylor’s President W. R. White has been named to the civil rights commission’s Texas advisory committee. An NAACP attorney said he knew of no plans to enroll Negroes in Tarrant County white schools, which would include Mansfield. The president of Texas NAACP, Rev. Emerson Marcee, urged a “prayer for freedom” Sept. 1-7 for the safety of the Little Rock Negro students. … Gov. Daniel commuted from death to life imprisonment the sentence of Norman Kizzee, Negro convicted of a hammer slaying but allegedly the victim of a raceoriented trial. In Tyler, the Smith County Bar Assn. pressed a court effort to have a 79-year-old Negro prevented from practicing law; he said his original law license had been eaten by rats but he would provide a photostat of it. State government news. The 18 state colleges and universities are asking 39 percent more money, a hike of $12.5 million, for the next two years; this includes $4 million for an average pay raise of $600 a year for college teachers. The state hospital board approved budget requests for mental institutions of more than $50 million more for the biennium, a 33 percent increase. The Texas Youth Council will ask the legislature for $4.5 million for new facilities for children under its care and $690,000 for a paid probation and parole system for juveniles. … Walter E. Dickerson, vice president of Victoria Bank & Trust, is the new consulting executive director of the Texas Industrial Cmsn. Business notes. The Bureau of Business Research estimated July authorized construction in Texas at $113 million, an all-time record total. … The Dallas Federal Reserve Bank raised its discount rate a quarter, to two percent. … Clint Murchison took over a working control of the Life & Casualty Insurance Co. in Tennessee. … The Texas Railroad Cmsn. raised the oil production allowable to 12 producing days. The scandals’ wake. Dallas M. Parnell, a director of Physicians Life & Accident, was sentenced to ten years when found guilty of embezzling $225,000 from the firm involving profiting on a substitution of 75,000 shares of stock he had bought for $1 a share as an incorporator. … Bascom Giles is to be released from prison Dec. 6 on the basis of time servedtwo years and 11 months of a six-year term. … Trials of J. Byron Saunders and Garland A. Smith, ex-insurance commissioners, on perjury counts involving checks they received, are expected to be set for early fall in Austin. D. A. Les Procter said he is working on a new indictment against B. R. Sheffield, Brady figure in the land scandals. Labor & Management. Four minor strikes by 375 workers are in progress in the Dallas-Fort Worth area, involving asbestos workers, teamsters, glaziers, and bus drivers. In Houston the 5,000 member carpenters local 213 went on strike for 22.5 cents an hour to bring the scale to $3.30 this year, another 22.5 cents next year. San Antonio councilman Jose Martin heard grievances from 50 street workers alleging rough treatment, abusive language by superiors, overtime without pay, and no pay during bad weather. OGov. Daniel took umbrage at criticism of his not calling a special session to enact a law to let Texas unemployed workers get the extension of benefits authorized by Congress. Jerry Holleman, AFL-CIO, asked, “Shall we tell them to eat cake?” He said Daniel acted quickly enough for hungry cattle during the drouth and the Panhandle’s grasshoppers and asked: “What kind of noise do hungry people make when they are hungry?” He said Texas unemployed have already lost over $8.5 million and the sum will be $16 million by next April 1. Daniel called all this “demagoguery” which “ignores the truth.” The recession had been relieved, he said, and the January session can take up the matter if it wishes. He pointed out that the federal money “has to be repaid.” He said the only drouth relief sought for cattle was to protect farmers and ranchers, not cattle. ETSC’s Curriculum Belittled by Exes AUSTIN At a meeting here of 30 East Texas State College ex-students disgruntled with ETSC President J. G. Gee’s program of “general studies,” a resigning history teacher, Dr. R. B. Walz, called for an investigation of academic freedom and human dignity which he said were under attack there. Walz spoke out in a wire read to the meeting. Vernon Hughes, former head of the ETSC economic department, said a third of the faculty has departed within two years. Dr. L. D. Parsons, former chairman of the chemistry department, said the general studies program, substituting such courses as communications for freshman English, teaches “everything and nothing” and is the much same thing now taught in the seventh, eighth, and ninth grades of the public schools. In the Fort Worth returns. Yale Larry defeated Rep. Dixon Holman, Don Gladden, a lawyer, beat Clarence Farmer, and Rep. Howard Green was re-elected over Wendell Knox to account for the three Fort Worth liberal victories, while Rep. Scott McDonald was re-elected over liberal Lon Evans. In Dallas, Tom James and Ben Lewis, conservatives, won over their liberal foes, Ed Small and Wiley Rawlins, about two to one. In San Antonio, conservatives R. L. Valiance and James A. McKay, Jr., won over R. L. Reader and Rudy Esquivel. The latest returns of the Election Bureau gave Judge Robert W. Hamilton of El Paso 294,258 votes to 244,939 for J. Edwin Smith, Houston lawyer, with 7,000 votes out. Thus the liberal-labor movement lost out for the second time this summer by a narrow margin in a bid for a Supreme Court place. In Duval County, George Parr’s Old Party, supported by formerly anti-Parr judge Dan Tobin, who was eliminated in the first primary, defeated the Freedom Party candidates up and down the line, with Archer Parr, George’s nephew, elected county judge. In Laredo, William C. Wright, son. of Judge R. D. Wright, whom District Atty. James Kazen defeated in the first primary. announced he will try to qualify as an independent candidate against Kazen in the general election. Retiring Justice W. St. John Garwood, whose Supreme Court place Hamilton won with Garwood’s support, took occasion after the returns to condemn as “wholly obnoxious” to a true system of justice the Texas method of choosing judges. With so few people voting, he said, the issue depends mostly on political activity, “including literally tens of thousands of dollars that have to be spent by said supporters \(largely lawyers who necessary advertising.” Any real campaign for the top Texas court costs $50,000, ‘he said. There is nothing democratic, he said, in a situation where a judge must decide a case involving millions of dollars tried before him between one lawyer who has contributed $10,000 to his campaign and another who opposed his election. Garwood urged adoption of the Missouri method by which judges are appointed and voters can remove any judge who turns out to be unsatisfactory. Voting Breaches Are Investigated CONROE Breaches of the laws requiring each voter to pay for his own poll tax, vote only once, and decide for himself whom to vote for without payment were alleged in a hearing before D.A. J. W. Simpson Jr. and two state assistant attorneys general in Conroe this week. The testimony revolved around the election between county cmsr. T. J. Peel and his unsuccessful challenger, James Price. With grand jury members sitting in the jury box as unofficial spectators, testimony included these allegations: Price tried to give a witness $5 after soliciting his vote; Price’s brother and another man voted for a woman on an absentee ballot while she “touched the pencil” \(she later voted regularly for Peel asked a witness to sign two application forms made out in the names of the witness’s parents, and he did; Many who could not read or write V voted, mostly absentee; ome admitted others marked their ballots; At least three perssons received poll taxes without paying for them; Peel bought two cases of beer and a witness drank 10 or 12 bottles of it after he had been taken to vote absentee. Two papers were introduced, but denied by their signers, in which it was represented that the signers had been offered money for their votes. A state department of welfare worker said questions asked him indicated old folks had been threatened with cuts in. their old age pensions or promised larger pension checks. Dist. Judge Robert Liles at one point called Price, Peel, and three others before him and warned them he would not stand for the intimidation of witnesses in the inquiry. GARWOOD SPEAKS UP House More Liberal The U.S. tnect a “criminal information” against four ‘chemical companies charging them with pollution of the Houston ship channel and Green’s Bayou. But the situation is imprrwing: a porpoise made it to the turning basin and left after several days’ visit, whereas he would have died two years ago by the time he got to Morgan’s Point, a federal attorney said. OThe Health Insurance Insti tute says about 5,370,000 persons in Texas are covered by some form of medical insurance. OA Mexican was arrested at Gilmer with 20 machineguns and several dozen automatic rifles he said he was running from Missouri to Cuba for the rebels. Another Mexican got away with a truckful of weapons. 0 The University of Texas Re gents will consider converting the present two summer terms of six weeks to a single nineweek term. THE TEXAS OBSERVER Page 5 August 29, 1958 AUSTIN The delegations from Houston and Dallas will be at oppossite “stomping poles” in the next legislature. Liberals swept all the contested places in Houston \(recompleted a solidified seven-man delegation from Dallas. In Fort Worth three out of four runoffs went to liberals; in San Antonio two places went to conservatives, leaving that House delegation conservative except for Franklin Spears, Jr. In the Senate runoffs, in addition to the election of Rep. Robert Baker from Houston over Charles Murphy, conservative Louis Crump, San Saba, and Martin Dies, Jr., Lufkin, were elected in the second primary. Dies is reported to have tendencies somewhat more liberal than his father, ;;-.-Congressman Martin Dies. Thus the House will be more liberal, and the Senate about as conservative as before, next session. The dean of the House, Rep.