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The one great rule of composition is to speak the truth. -Thoreau Ole O’rxa,9 Obstrurr We will serve no group or party but will hew hard to the truth as we find it and the right as we see it. An Independent-Liberal Weekly Newspaper Vol. 50 TEXAS, AUGUST 1, 1958 10c per copy Number 18 Control in Balance Ralph rashes Slate Press In Interview AUSTIN All day the junior senator from Texas had been on the telephone, taking the congratulations from California a n d Washington, Houston and El Paso, calling out to the counties to tell his friends to fight “the Jake Pickle Republicans” at the party conventions. It was about six, and his law office secretary, red-headed Sarah Shelby, was finishing off a list of telephoners who had not yet talked to him. On the small table in the waiting room lay a neatly stacked pile of Texas Observers \(“Gonzalez on Road, Rough, Tireand another pile of magazinesHarper’s, Reporter, New Yorker, Democratic Digest, Consumer Reports, American Bar Journal. American Legion Magazine, Texas Game and Fish. Two booklets lay at the base of the styleless lamp: “If You Are Disabled,” and “A Brief Explanation of the Social Security Act.” What he most enjoyed talking about-but mostly off the recordwas the Texas press. His accumulated grievances against the bigcity papers mash his patience and caginess into popping outrage. “We have freedom of the press and it’s one of the most cherished heritages and privileges of the American people,” Yarborough said. “I have been appalled by the abuse of the free press by the great newspapers. The press is utterly lacking in any standard of fairness or true news reporting. Everybody expects editorial arguments, but there’s an utter absence of truth in reporting in the newspapers. “One of our problems is to educate the people not to trust the big daily newspapers,” Yarborough said. Yarborough would put only three of his examples on the record. The last week of the runoff in 1956, Yarborough said, he had said at Denton, in a carefully worked out sentence, ” ‘I’m for the working man, all working men, employers and employees.’ ” “The Dallas News. deleted that and said I’d said, I’m for labor unions. They printed that in lieu of what I said. I think in that close a race that cost me the election.” This campaign, he said, when he was speaking at Green Bayou support by a labor union man ” ‘worked such an attainder of the blood that their mere support led to the charge a man ought to be forever banned from holding public office.’ I called this,” Yarborough said ” ‘a brazen effort to reduce working men to second class citizenship, that they should so taint and damn the candidate.’ ” Instead, he said, the Dallas News story said he had charged Blakley said ” ‘Damn the labor unions,’ ” and furthermore, Yarborough said, “a careless reader would think I had said that. It was a very slick adroit change.” AUSTIN Claims and counter-claims to the contrary, a knockdown, throw-’em-out fight is being shaped up over longdistance telephone wires for control of the state convention. DOT-won precincts would total about 1,500 votes, the Observer understands, but the powerful figure of Sen. Ralph Yarborough has stepped in to rally “independent delegates” to join the opposition to Gov. Price Daniel’s program. The issue is Daniel’s call for endorsement of his program by the state party in proportion to his endorsement by the voters versus Yarborough’s call for “a people’s convention” at which “all real Democrats” unite against any nominee, including Daniel, controlling the convention. Yarborough called for uninstructed delegations to San Antonio from the county conventions in a statement Thursday evening. Daniel predicted his forces will have a majority at the convention larger than his election majority. “The results are unmistakably clear,” Jim Lindsey, S.D.E.C. chairman, said. “The people of Texas have repudiated the DOT.” He said Daniel forces have already passed resolutions to insure honesty, integrity, and fair play at the convention, including compliance with the laws. Creekmore Fath, DOT secretary-treasurer, said anti-Daniel AUSTIN “Some of us boys may be pretty stupid, but we sure gave those professional hotshots a country lickin’,” exulted Bob Bray, Ralph Yarborough’s public relations man-speech writer-Man Friday, one night this week. You couldn’t find many wise-acres in Austin who would agree that the Yarborough campaign was anything but safe I FINAL RETURNS AUSTIN Final, unofficial but virtually complete Texas Election Bureau returns on the Democratic primary July 26, percentages added: SENATE Yarborough 742,082…. 59% Blakley 522,551 41% GOVERNOR Daniel 786.807…. 60% Gonzalez 241,994 .. 18.6% O’Daniel 239.638 . 18.4% Irwin 34,649 3% LT. GOVERNOR Ramsey 734.679 64% Nokes 409,831 36% AGRICULTURE CMSR. White 551.567 53% Griffin 299,770 29% Kothmann 186,514 18% LAND CMSR. Allcorn 691,791 70% Dimmitt 301,247 30% SUPREME COURT, PL. 1 Hamilton 465,226 44% Smith 301,786… 28.5% Hunt 293,626… 27.7% SUPREME COURT, PL. 4 Greenhill 565,994 51% Hughes 552,946 49% forces had nailed down more delegates than the SDEC. “The principle at stake is party integrity,” he said. The AP said its independent survey “indicated that the present party leadership will have a substantial margin in the 254 county conventions scheduled Saturday.” Daniel agreed, saying “I sincerely appreciate the great victories which we have won in the Democratic primary and the precinct conventions.” Ralph Steps In But then Yarborough inter. vened. Monday he said in an interview: vention is not a plum that the governor can pick up for a bonus for winning his own race.” “The balance of control won’t rest with DOT or with Price Daniel but with the uncommitted counties,” Yarborough said. A lot of delegates would not let “the Republicans run the Democratic Party,” he said. Certain consultations followed in which Yarborough was urged not to go too far in the party fight. But Tuesday he issued a statement asserting he “does not seek to control” the convention or the party. “And I don’t believe any other nominee should try for control,” he added. “Texans are tired of having their party machinery operated for the whim and convenience of and steady, but the hot-shots took a licking, that no one denied. So also did the colorful challengers of Governor Price Daniel, who simply coasted to a second term. Lt. Gov. Ben Ramsey, seeking a fifth term, won with greased ease, two to one over vigorous young challenger George Nokes. John White, on whom Texas liberals have lost little love since he ran against Yarborough in 1957, nevertheless won re-nomination as agriculture commissioner over two vigorous and sharply-attacking opponents. Land Cmsr. Bill Alcorn was nominated easily over L. J. Dimmitt in the most listless of the state races. The only statewide runoff Aug. 23 pits Judge Robert W. Hamilton of El Paso against lawyer J. Edwin Smith of Houston for a seat on the Texas Supreme Court. Judge Joe Greenhill barely defeated Judge Sarah Hughes for the other vacant court place. THE EXTRAORDINARY fact of the returns is that Yarborough won 11 of the 12 largest urban counties in which 52 percent of this year’s qualified voters reside. The 12-county vote was 284,629 for Yarborough, 216,338 for Blakley. The cities have been conservatism’s traditional reservoir in Texas, drowning the consistently Democratic rural areas. Yarborough this summer carried every one of them but Dallas, Blakley’s home town. Even there Blakley’s people complained that Blakley voters had not turned out to give him the 20,000 majority he had hoped for. One reason was that 10,000 of them were busy in the Republican primary voting for Bruce Alger for Congress for fear a bunch of half-Republican political bosses,” he said. Wednesday morning, the Observer can report, informed liberal sources counted 1,710 votes on the Yarborough-DOT side and 1,546 votes on the Daniel-Freedom in Action side. \(FIA carried a number of precincts statewide, intotal left 1,529 votes unclassified. Daniel said Thursday that the DOT would prevail in “not more than 10 counties.” It is an open secret that Yarborough talked to many county leaders, and his aides talked to many more, urging them to oppose Daniel and support “a people’s convention.” Thursday noon, an informed liberal computation gave Yarborough-DOT 2,127 votes. A total of 2,393 would control the convention. No ‘Blackballing’ Although in Washington, Yarborough late Thursday afternoon declared in a two-page statement there must be an end to “political bossism” and “one-man control” and predicted the party “will be returned to the people” Sept. 9. Eschewing talk by “some officials about how they are going to control the convention,” Yarborough said “One politician is bragging that he is ‘titular head of the Democratic Party in Texas. He doesn’t speak for me. I looked “Adlai Republican” Grover Cantrell might beat him. Cantrell polled about 100 votes. Yarborough’s majority in metropolitan Houston was 20,000. He led in San Antonio, where he has always lost before, by 9,000 votes. In Fort Worth, next door to Dallas, he was ahead 8,000 votes. In heavily-industrialized BeaumontPort Arthur his lead was 7,000; in home-town Austin, 4,000. \(See the table giving the results in the 12 Blakley received majorities in only 34 of the state’s 254 counties. He won Dallas; four counties clotted together at the Louisiana border-Marion, Harrison, Panola, Gregg-and two in south-central east. He won six counties in the Panhandle, 13 in West Texas, five in the German areas of the southwest, and three at the foot of the state. All the rest were Yarborough’s. DANIEL CARRIED 241 counties against his three opponents. Gonzalez carried ten in the all-but final returns, all of them in the border areas and all therefore weighted with Latin-American voters. They were Brooks, Duval, Hidalgo, Jim Wells, Jim Hogg, Maverick, Presidio, Starr, Webb, and Zapata. Gonzalez ran second in 44 counties; he received substantial votes in Harris, Jefferson, Galveston, Tarrant, Dallas, and Bexar, big-city areas. O’Daniel carried two counties, Crane and Menard in. West Texas, tied Daniel in Borden County, also to the west, and otherwise ran second where neither Daniel nor Gonzalez did so. Irwin ran weak everywhere. Last-Minute Ads AUSTIN A spot survey was made by the Observer during the last four days of the campaign into political advertising in five metropolitan d a i 1 i e s. Newspapers examined were The Dallas News, The Dallas Times-Herald, The Houston Post, The Houston Chronicle, and The Houston Press. A total of 1312 inches of Bill Blakley advertising, 41 separate ads, was published in the five papers. Blakley’s opponent, Ralph Yarborough, ran 600 inches in ten separate ads. Governor Price Daniel had 280 inches in six ads. There were no ads for W. Lee O’Daniel or Henry Gonzalez. Lt. Gov. Ben Ramsey ran 533 inches in 18 ads. His opponent, George Nokes, ran 25 inches in two ads. Heaviest concentration for Blakley was in the TimesHerald and the News. The News ran 378 inches in Blakley advertising, The TimesHerald 362 inches. The July 25 Times-Herald included 11 Blakley ads: one 5 by 12, one 7 by 21, one 4 by 5, and eight 2 by 5’s, scattered through news, sports, and society sections. up ‘titular’ in the dictionary, and found it defined to mean, ‘bearing a title derived from a defunct monastery.’ ” Yarborough said precinct re sults show a majority want to