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the colors and patterns of the flag. The people applauded. The lights came on again, and up on the flatbed truck the Governor finished a shoulder-toshoulder talk with somebody. JUSTICE for the People of Texas J. EDWIN SMITH for Supreme Court of Texas Daniel Campaigns in East Texas posed,” welcomed him. He walked forward from the crowd to easy applause and began talking without notes. “Of the economic and material things, the one I’m proudest of and the one that will go down as the best is my water resources and planning program,” he said. He cited $1 million appropriated for planning, the $200 million water bond issue approved, and the new joint state-federal report on “Water Developments and Potentialities of the State of Texas.” “By 2010 we’ll have twice as much water as we will need if we will build the necessary dams to hold it when it falls,” he said. If we have any new taxes, he said, it will be only after “complete studyand we’ll keep them at a minimum.” If they are needed, he said, it will be because Texas is continuing to grow, with 100,000 new school children every year. He promised no increase in the state property tax and no general sales or state income tax. precinct should be present, he said. “If you have some precincts that think this DOT ought to control the Democratic Party, then vote against Lyndon Johnson and Sam Rayburn and national committeeman Byron Skelton. If a majority feel that way they oughta control that precinct.” “Some people can’t forgive what I did in 1952,” Daniel said. “Some people just don’t want to understand.” He said he believes “the duly elected party officials are obligated to support all the nominees.” Mrs. J. E. Smith, introduced as a precinct leader, instead said she Nvas somewhat embarrassed, as she’d been appointed a local chairman for Blakley and had “not done too much for our governor.” “We are not only working to elect Mr. Blakley the next U.S. Senator but we are working to carry the precincts so that our party can stay in the control of the Democrats of TexI mean,” Mrs. Smith broke off, amid the laughter. Stroud said “Each man’s running his own race.” A little to the north, at Mineola, the tenth annual watermelon festival was coming to an end that night with a speech by Daniel, the judging of the beard-growing contest, and a fireworks display. The light, evening-blue sky was patterned abstractly with pink gauzed bars of clouds. Out at the football field the abandoned floats from the parade that afternoon lay unhitched, exhausted, down at their wheels, around the cinder track”T&P Safety Council,” Lions, Jaycees, American Legion, and “Martha, Our Pearl in Pink” no Martha, no pearl, only the pink. Ladies were serving colored soda water out of gallon jugs at a booth sponsored by the Mineola Youth Foundation. People strolled across the grassy field in a procession, as though there was a walkway from the gate over to the wooden stands. Dark settled in; Daniel’s car did not arrive on the field until 8:03. The lights were turned on then, and he was applauded. “That’s the gov-ner of the state,” a mother explained. He mounted the stage, the backless flat-bed of a truck, furnished with four folding chairs. He had an audience of about 3,000. A boy in his mid-teens chanted to a pal, “I’m the governor of the State of Texas. I am honored to be here. My speech won’t be long j es an houranahalf.” They laughed. Younger boys played around the press box overhead, and one of The state “may” need more money in the next biennium, “and we will need some more money in the future,” but “we ought to consider it a privilege to support our state government,” he said. After the talk, people stood around talking, many of them with Daniel, for some time. He conferred a while on the phone behind a door; he would put his hand on a kibitzer’s shoulder; or he would turn to listen, rolling his cigar between his teeth with his thumb and middle finger. He was the last to leave. After a little campaigning downtown \(“I’m goan. go visit around on the streets a little bit and then go to the northeast for Palestine. Palestine Ninety people had been seated for lunch in the O’Neill Hotel’s private dining room; another 90, said Chester Stroud, had been turned away. Among the present were Sen. Wardlow Lane, Center, Senate sponsor of all the segregationist bills last session, and Rep. Jerry Sadler, Percilla, who sponsored a couple of them and recently boycotted a Palestine rally at which Gonzalez spoke. The Anderson County party chairman was there too. A pretty, smiling lady introduced Daniel as a patriot, a statesman, and a former legislator, attorney general, and U. S. senator. Some people, Daniel said, had accused him of being “too religious” in his public life. “Christian statesmen” have made the U. S. what it is, he said. He believed in separation of church and state, “but we’ve never had separation of church and statesman.” “I don’t play any favorites,” Daniel joked. “I speak to Methodists too. My wife is a Methodist. All four of our children are Methodists.Don’t tell your wife that or she’ll think I’m the weak one in the house, though. “We’re not gonna decide issues in this campaign as far as any person’s religion or race or creed is concerned,” Daniel said. He said he’d been having trouble with his name in the campaign. One boy had wanted to meet him, he had told his dad, because “I’ve been studying about that man in Sunday School all my life.” Daniel was reminded of a story in which four people from different countries were identifying themselvesone from Mexico, one from Europe, one from some other country, “and me from Texas.” “That’s the way we feel, sometimes,” he said. On the states’ rights theme he said we believe in having “power close to the people. … Over in Russia, of course, they want everything centralized. It’s the only way a minority partyabout ten percent of the peoplecan run the country.” Another difference between the U.S. and Russia, he said, is U.S. faith in God. “My old dean at Baylor University used to open his class every morning with prayer. And he used to say you cannot understand man’s law unless you understand God’s law,” said the Governor. Once the federal government moves into a field it’s “next to impossible” to get it out, he said. Federal aid to school construction would lead to federal instruction on “what to teach, who to teach it to, and a lot of other things that should be handled at home.” “In the Texas Declaration of Independence,” Daniel said, “one of the complaints that our forefathers made against Mexico was that Mexico had not provided a system of general education.” Daniel defended his role in the tidelands controversy. He works four or five hours every day or night on the Texas brief, he said. The President and everyone else had concluded his bill had secured the Texas title, he said; some sharp lawyers proceeded on that belief in tidelands leasing. “You can’t do anything to prevent somebody, especially federal officials,” from suing the state now, he said. “We have collected $62 million for our public school fund since our bill passed.” Speaking of O’Daniel, Daniel said: “How he could stand up and say it was the biggest blunder since Santa Anna did something I forget what he saidI don’t know.” O’Daniel co-authored a bill with the same wording as Daniel’s on the Texas boundary when he was a senator, Daniel said. “This bill is gonna stand up again,” he predicted. On segregation, he said, with Sadler sitting at the head table, “You know my position, maintaining separate schools in this state where a majority of the people, most of the time the whites and colored both, want separate schools.” He is against forced integration, and “There will be no use of military troops, state or federal, as long as I’m your governor” for that purpose, he said. He said he had “introduced” a bill passed the last legislature under which “any school district is authorized to have a temporary closure to prevent occupation by troops.” These remarks were applauded at two points. On taxes he said “I don’t think you need to worry too much. Every tax we levy is lower than in neighboring states except the oil severance tax.” He hit O’Daniel again for trying when governor to “put a ceiling on all social security that could ever be paid in the state, so that the 225,000 old people now on the rolls would be getting $10 a month instead of the $46 average they get today.” Trying to force the sales tax, Daniel remembered, O’Daniel had threatened to refuse to sign a land bill “unless I supported it.” He replied in words he could not repeat in the present company, he said. At precinct conventions a maority of the Democrats in each them was saying, “You know when they go up and all pretty different colors, you knowlike red, norange, ngreen, npurple, nwhite …” The queen arrived, resplendent in bustling-white evening gown, elegance and purity on a farmfield truck. Gov . Daniel rose from his note-making to shake her hand and nod in a courtly way. “I can use a pair of bye-nockulars,” said a man in the stands. A husband sighed to his wife, “Ow, it’ll be 8:30 before they start, they always stall around about an hour. Wait til the crowd gets here an’ settled down.” … The mayor of Mineola welcomed the crowd. “May I say welcome,” he said. “We’re happy to have yall. And I hope yall have an enjoyable program. I thank you.” The postmaster said, “We have tried to have the best watermelon festival in Texx-is. I don’t know if we’ve been successful in this but I hope it’s been a pleasure to yuh.” The crowd applauded. Introducing Daniel, the postmaster said of him, “Very few people are recognized as great while they’re still living. One is with us tonight, our own governor of Texas, Price Daniel.” The people stood up for him, applauding warmly. “I have always loved this county,” Daniel said. “This county was named for a man named Wood, who lived in Liberty. My family married into it. Then Gov. James Stephen Hogg came from here, the greatest governor in all of Texas history. Jim Hogg was great because he was governor for all of the people, he fought the big trusts and the selfish interests, but at the same time he fought for local self-government and states’ rights.” In a speech required to be nonpolitical, Daniel then held forth on the virtues of farm life; told the old one about the crossroads sign “This Way to Texas,” and the people who could read corning here, while those who couldn’t turned up to Arkansas and Oklahoma; told how he’d reorganized the Texas Navy \(“Any of you want to join I’ll be glad to have wonderful people in our state wonderful principles of government,” and repeated the bit about the Mexican government failing to set up a system of public education in early Texas; said the forefathers “believed that there was a God above who governs the destinies of men”; reviewed his first-term program; and quoted Lincoln, ” ‘I like to see a man who is proud of where he lives and who so lives that the place is proud of him.’ ” The queen probed and pulled on the Jaycee bucks’ whiskers and chose the winner \(but didn’t kiss nounced the “gye-gantic fireworks display prepared by Tom Little,” and the lights went out. In the dark, at the far end of the field, young men holding burning sticks began setting off the sky-lighting colored flares, their octopus-shaped shadows drifting over the heads of the ooh-ing crowd; the softly rising roman candles; the whirling spark-sprayers; the sky-renting air bombs; the late-bursting flarebombs. The necks of the people tired, the flash and color and burst showered cinders down on their ears and into the corners of their eyes. The young men with the fire-sticks moved fearlessly among the battlefield chaos of explosion and climbing tail-flame. Finally the sky-bursts stopped, and the waterfalls of sparks faded into the dark; the whirling sparks sputtered out, the roman candles went limp and died. The young men lit then, between the football uprights, a rectangle which glowed gold first, then took on Loyal When Dangerous To the Editor: It is possible that every reader of the Observer may not know that Judge Sarah T. Hughes has been a loyal Democrat when it was politically dangerous, whereas her opponent is an appointee of Governor Price Daniel. Please let them know it. MRS. B. B. TERRELL 8547 Forest Hills Blvd., Dallas 18 \(The same is also true, we would add, of J. Edwin Smith, the loyal Democratic candidate for the other Supreme Court place. Smith and Hughes To the Editor: … Two seasoned candidates with really distinguished qualifications for the Texas Supreme Court are running in Places 1 and 4 against vigorous opposition … Saturday. Both are from the people. Both are exceptionally well qualified by training, legal experience, and experience of life … J. Edwin Smith, in Place 1, has had 21 years of successful practice as an independent lawyer dealing with all types of cases. Sarah T. Hughes, in Place 4, has served two terms as a lawmaker and 23 years as a district judge, winning the respect of all types of litigants and their lawyers, in all types of cases. She is, furthermore, a qualified woman who dares to believe that in the latter half of the twentieth century a majority of _Texas voters will consider without prejudice her aspiration … Both candidates appreciate the Democratic nomination for an elective office, having worked diligently to enhance its value by supporting the national leadership of the Democratic Party all their lives and opposing the interests that have sought to undermine the national Democratic Party and perpetuate a one-party system in Texas … If Edwin Smith and Sarah Hughes are elected on July 26, two justices with superb qualifications will have been added to the state supreme court, and Texas Democrats will have shown that they appreciate dedicated, able party leadership. MARGARET CARTER 2816 Sixth Ave., Fort Worth 10 Page 8 July 25, 1958 Tyler In Tyler, again before about 60 people who were, however, swallowed up in an American Legion hall with 450 chairs set out, Daniel spoke briefly at about 5 o’clock, a poor hour for a political gathering. Half a dozen Negroes were among the crowd, off to the far right. Daniel shook hands with everyone present, including the Negroes. “I feel like I’m sorta in home country here,” he said. “All of the polls” show he can win without a runoff if the voters for him go to the polls, he said. He said many states’ rights have “drifted away because we have failed to exercise them.” He said all of his 52 recommendations