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overs, Yarborough described his background. Then he quoted a Newsweek article which told how the Republican Party had originally planned to use Democratic corruption as the summer campaign theme. “Now with all the vicuna coats around, they’ve sent out a letter telling their candidates to go all out against labor.” He waved a copy of Newsweek and walked into the crowd. Describing Blakley as a Republican, he said “My opponent doesn’t know there are other things to be besides anti-labor.” He accused Blakley of hiring state senators to help his insurance projects. “Two men have done that. Shoemake up in Waco had senators on fees, and when they found out, he shot himself in the head. The other man is running for the US Senate against me.” The next stop, Eastex Freeway at Lyons Avenue, was also in a Negro district. It was nearing noon, and the sun was scorching. A crowd of about 75, mostly Negroes, gathered in the shade under a bridge to hear the music. Across the street, at the Clay and Clay Mortuary, a funeral. was just over, and next door to it, at the Johns and Company Funeral Home, people sat on the front porch and gazed across at the activities in the vacant lot with fixed, empty expressions. Yarborough was out in the sun shaking hands. Curley Fox finished a number and said it’s as hot as a hen upstairs laying in a wool basket. Yarborough began his speech again by asking if a Senate seat was to be bought. From under the bridge came an echoed burst of applause. “Why, my opponent told the Dallas Times-Herald that if he gets to Washington the people wouldn’t get to the jam. Yet, he’s got jam up to his armpits$10 million in Braniff subsidies.” “Today our fighting men are holding high the torch of freedom in the ancient Middle East. We have great duties ahead, destiny calls this generation. Ours will again be a rendezvous with destiny. Scientists tell us that in six years men will walk on the moon and come back alive. . It is an age that calls for imagination and intellect, not smear sheets and petty hate.” Yarborough stepped off the truck to be greeted by two little girls in matching red dresses. The loudspeaker boomed for the hundredth time, with more to come, the chorused persuasion, done to “The Yellow Rose of Texas”: “Oh, the Democratic Party is for you and you and you, It works for all the people, and not for just a few …” Jam in the Sky Through the Negro section slowly becoming white, the caravan made its way to another shopping center at Jensen and Berry Road. In front of Wheat’s Washateria, where you get a wash for 15 cents, and the Ozzie Middleton School of Music Yarborough told an enthusiastic crowd of about Inn mostly work= ing people, that he was conduct = ing a campaign of “statecraft, not hatecraft.” “I guess you saw the article in the Houston Press about my op= ponent paying fees to state sena-, tors. I ask him this question: if it’s all right for a senator to pay. fees, is it all right for that senator to receive fees? He said his fees were nominal. I wonder if he meant normal. If he admitted these, and they were nominal, I ask him how much must the ones be that no one has heard about. “We’ve got to churn away here in Texas against the big money being used against us. My opponent has a lot of financial ability. his jam jar is on the top shelf, way up in the air for those big. planes.” Yarborough said he wasn’t running on the demerits of others, but on his own. merits. He said he had served five years as a district judge, as a member of the board of law examiners, as an assistant attorney general. He served three years in the army. “We were on A Day With Ralph: A Seat Not for Sale He posed often for photographers Saturday, sometimes in front of the truck in the caravan with the desk and the chair captioned with the sign: “This Senate seat is not for sale,” sometimes on the truck with its huge jam bottle on one shelf, and a cowboy hat above it, the sign reading “Keep the jam on the bottom shelf.” At King’s Center, Yarborough told about 50 people, “For the first time in history we see them laying cash on the line for a Senate seat. Yet time .and again my opponent said he wasn’t qualified to serve in the US Senate. I won’t dispute that now. “Somebody on WFAA in. Dallas asked my opponent how he could be senator and run all his businesses too, and he said I’ll just divide my time. When he was in Washington he did just that. Why, even the 55 percent of the time he showed up in the Senate I’ll bet he was out in the lobby phoning the Stock Exchange.” The Southern Pacific thundered down the tracks across the road. Yarborough paused, then said, “I’m glad to see that train running. We’ve had a recession, you know, and I’m proud to say I’ve worked against it. I’m working to get jobs in Texas, to make Texas working men the greatest working force in the world. “Here we are now facing a TV cowboy with a bow tie.” Anti-Labor Only Half an hour later, at the corner of Scott and Holman, a Negro district, he stood under shade trees with a crowd of about 50. Using a hand microphone he said, “We’re not mad at anybody. We’re not trying to stir up people. My opponent says he believes in majority rule. Well, I do too, if you mean a majority of the people. He got himself put in the US Senate by a majority all right, only this time the majority was 1-0, the Allan. Shivers majority, and he remained true to it.” As in most of the other stop If At least two Houston art organizations, the Houston Symphony and the Alley Theater, are hoping to receive funds for special projects next year from the Ford Foundation. IT An underground survey of Longhorn Cave has been cornpleted by the Corpus Christi Speleological Society and six other chapters. Harvey Jackson, head of the crews, said a five-man team would stay down in the cave as long as possible in the 58 degree, highly humid depths. He said that underground water had sculptured the limestone formations, causing colors ranging from faint pink to dark blue. A controversy over streets closed to cars around Presi dent Eisenhower’s birthplace in Denison will be referred by the city council to the State Park Board. About 1200 Denison deni zens last December sent a strong protest to the council because three streets approaching “Ike’s Park” had been barricaded. ness,” lists five books by Panhandle writers which are about to be issued by publishers. They are: Light and Hitch, a compilation of Laura Hamner’s radio scripts; The Unanointed by Laura Chinn of Borger, author of Bible-theme novels; The Mystery of McClellan Creek by Wanda Campbell of Pampa, writer of teen-age mysteries; The Bone Pickers by Al Dewlen, another “sensational. novel” by a one-time newspaperman; and The Short Summer by Lula Grace Erdman, Amarillo’s novelist-teacher. “Pretty good,” judges the News, “for the culturally benighted hinterland of the High Plains of Texas.” IT Governor Stepovitch of Alaska has confirmed the dates August 22-24 for the Friendship Flight by Texans to the 49th state. The idea was originated by Kerrville newsman Carroll Abbott and is being sponsored by the Kerr County Chamber of Commerce. Plans call for 64 passengers on a special plane loaded with typical Texans, products from each of the state’s 254 counties, and greetings from Texas organizations. “Let’s be BIG about being second biggest” is being stamped on all mail leaving the Kerr County Chamber of Commerce office. Already the garden clubs of Texas have offered to send a box of blue bonnet seed, and Mrs. Helen Watson Davis of Port Arthur has written lyrics for a song titled “Deep From the Heart of Texas.” the road to Pilsen, and the word came in the night, the word came to us through the dark and the green hillsthe war in Europe was over. So I went to Japan. and General MacArthur put me in charge of one-seventh of the Japanese people. On every military job I did I was rated ‘superior’ and I’m proud of it.” “The Eyes” again, and a little girl with red hair asked the Senator for his autograph. A large, tattooed man who had been drinking beer and dancing to the music walked up to Yarborough and confidentially asked him for a quarter, presumably for another round. Yarborough reached in his pocket and handed the man thirty cents. A woman with a moving picture camera took pictures of Ralph. Ruby, and Curley. Anti-Democracy’ After late lunch in the shopping center at Greens Bayou, a crowd of about 100 gathered in the airconditioned First State Bank down the street from the cafeteria. These were Yarborough people, and they were anxious to hear him. Mayor William J. Philpot of Galena Park, in a well-embellished introduction, said: “Here is a good, clean, Christian man, and I resent the attacks being made on him. Deep in my heart I resent the man who resents the working man. Just because we work doesn’t mean we’re not intelligent. The only way we can get him elected is to go out there and battle. The Christian people of this state can elect a man deserving of their vote. This is one of the greatest men I’ve ever known.” Yarborough, standing to the applause, said that “philosophically, that’s the finest speech I’ve heard this campaign. My opponent is saying that members of labor unions aren’t full-fledged citizens. This is the essence of antidemocracy, the kind you heard in Germany in the ‘thirties. If the philosophy of my opponent prevails, we’ve lost all the decencies in America.” “Let’s make such a landslide down here that they can hear it all the way to Republican national headquarters which has been writing my opponent’s campaign speeches for him.” The caravan came late to Baytown; but a group of about 125 were waiting under the trees next to the Woodmen of the World building. Yarborough arrived in his convertible and was greeted with cheers. Two old men were sitting under the tree listening to Curley and Ruby. One turned to the other and said, “Ralph didn’t want to be governor back in ’56 noway. . I’m glad he got beat With what I know now.” “Yeah,” said the other, “it was God’s blessin’.” Texas Ruby sang about Texas water, and local candidates passed out matches. Councilman Doug Ward of Baytown presented Yarborough with the key to the city. Yarborough recalled the election in 1952, when he and Shivers got exactly the same number of votes in Baytown. “Nobody’s counted how many widows and children have been cheated since then by a corrupt inside job in Austin. Right now my opposition is pulling speeches out of the file used against me in 1954. But that ol’ dog won’t hunt anymore in Texas. We are not to be hoodwinked by an insider hollering look out for the outsiders.” Turning to oil imports, he said “the only proper program is to demand full protection, to make it possible for the oil industry of Texas to thrive. The real issue in this campaign is, will economic tyranny beat down economic liberty.” One Thin Slice The caravan drove now from Baytown to Pasadena, past the San Jacinto monument backdropped by a refinery, past oil derricks coming all the way to the road. About 75 people had been waiting for an hour in the community center at Deer Park, where they presented Yarborough with a cake. He suggested they cut a very thin slice and “send it to my opponent.” At Pasadena, in front of J. C. Penney’s, a crowd of 125 were listening to Texas Ruby sing “My God Is Real” when the caravan arrived. Delbert Atkinson, introducing Yarborough, called him “the greatest US Senator in Texas history.” The Senator began by criticizing the Republican foreign policy of “drift, drivel, do nothingness. If The State of Big Bend is no more. First Henry Coffield of Marfa, the governor pro tern, an nounced that he was named to the office without his permission \(“I am first, last, and always a Texan the mayor of Alpine sent a letter I The Wald of Life to the Marfa mayor and the Alpine city commissioner. As Mayor Lockhart of Alpine put it in the letter, “How could we tell our kids theirs was no longer the heritage of the Alamo where men stepped across a line and died for freedom?” This was the death blow. If The front-page “A to Izzard” column in the Amarillo Daily News, pointing out that “it is fashionable to refer to our part of the country as a cultural wilder Member of the Piano Technicians Guild, Inc. Douglas R. Strong PIANO TECHNICIAN Tiuni Repairtoi, Rebuilding JAckson 3-1276 808 Harold, Houston 6, Texas TELEVISION and RADIO REPAIR ARV Electronics Houston, Texas Mission 5-1539 Dick Seinfeld HIGH FIDELITY SALES and INSTALLATION Panhandle Literature “My opponent,” he said, “would have Texas secede from the USA. But we are one country, one people, one America.” At League City, a political rally, sponsored by the city fire department, had drawn a crowd of 200. It was late afternoon, and in the park, under several large oak trees, people were eating fried chicken at $1.25 a plate. J. Edwin Smith made a short speech, and several local candidates were there. Walter Hall introduced Yarborough. It was by far his best speech of the day. “Why was it creeping socialism,” he asked, “for the farmers to get federal subsidies, and good sound capitalism when my opponent drew $667,000 of the $10 million Braniff got in subsidies?” While in Washington, he said, besides fighting for oil import restrictions and a seawall on the Texas gulf, he had co-authored bills for a federal scholarship program and a foreign service academy. At Texas City, 20 minutes’ drive away, a crowd of 600 was waiting in the auditorium of the city recreation hall. A huge picture of Yarborough was on the wall behind the stage. The radio manager came out to instruct the audience. “Let’s make a real Texas noise for the radio,” he said, “Put on a big Texas smile and shout we want Yarborough as loud as you can.” The audience complied, and when the senator came out on the stage at air-time, Curley struck up with some music. Yarborough waved both hands high above his head and grinned. “This is the greatest ‘crowd I’ve seen in this campaign,” he said He spoke rapidly to meet the fifteen-minute radio deadline. Again he reviewed his Senate record, stressing his anti-recession efforts. He warned that there might be more unemployment in