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ANOTHER COWBOY FORT WORTH Sen. Ralph Yarborough can ride a horse, too. Appearing at the Fort Worth rodeo, he rode his trusty steed into the arena, dismounted, and untied a roped calf. The rodeo clown, possibly in the secret pay of the opposition, ran off with his horse; he had to walk back to the chute. shirt was hanging out over his khakis; he is a huge, bearlike man. He says Gonzalez is going to carry his county, Hardin. About 7:30 there were perhaps 200 people sitting around on blankets spread on the ground, on benches and chairs. Sewell, on the platform, began, “I am a Democrat,” and carried on along that vein of thought. Reagan Ferguson said a few words for Judge Yarborough: “He has always been a pore boy and he’s always been a Democrat. He’s running against a multimillionaire who’s gonna buy a United States Senate seat with money. Democrats don’t believe in that.” Bucks for Huaraches At twelve minutes to eight the Gonzalez station wagon arrived. Gonzalez came onto the field in huaraches; noticing, he went b;ck and changed into his white bucks. With him were Lalo Solis, his adviser; Lorenzo Caballero and Tommy Moreno, his Caballeros; and A. B. Barker, a San Antonian who used to live in Palestine. Some applauded him as he began but some did not. “This is a beautiful portion of the state,” he said. “I have a deep respect for East Texas, it has produced some great men, even though I must admit you send us some duds sometimes like Daniel.” He said he was the only man in the race “who has been completely faithful as a Democrat and has always run as a Democrat.” He made glancing references to controversial issues that had been “injected” into the race. He was applauded as he said he could not build himself up by tearing someone else down. He had no intention to “go back on” his program and his record, he said. But as for the race issue, “the only race issue in this campaign is the governor’s race, and that’s all.” Again he was applauded. “Some of the issues that we have been victimized with have been curried and fomented by some of these state politicians who find it a convenient way to make people forget their corruption and malfeasance in office and get them so preoccupied with these things they” the sentence was broken into by applause “won’t remember who was guilty of what.” “I have been given credit,” he said, “for having been the only big-city senator voting on the farmer’s side. The farmer cannot be bad off without the city fella being bad off.” His talk, though short and in We will serve no group or party but will hew hard to the truth as we find it and the right as we see it. OIR Orxaz Obrrurr The one great rule of composition is to speak the truth. Thoreau An Independent-Liberal Weekly Newspaper Vol. 50 TEXAS, JUNE 13, 1958 10c per copy Number 10 SDEC’S DAY A Joke Turns Serious AUSTIN Gov. Daniel’s state Democratic executive committee agreed with the Democrats of keeping Republicans out of Democratic primaries here Monday as Daniel called on Texas voters to “snow under” the DOT in precinct conventions July 26. Meeting in the Hotel Austin before reporters and 30 or so spectators, the committee also endorsed Daniel’s modified plan for electing county convention delegates by direct vote in the primaries. Once again Daniel heatedly condemned DOT and its chairman, Mrs. R. D. Randolph, on several counts. He also asked his opponents to grant that he was sincere in conceding the merit of precinct conventions for public discussion of issues and the need to keep Republicans from voting in the proposed elections of county convention delegates. The Governor also told a joke of a nature unusual for him. A district judge, whom he named, used to love his liquor: they say he used to pour some of it into a lemon and drink it on the bench. Once, agreeing to have a drink, he had said, “the only time I turned down a drink was once when I misunderstood the question.” Daniel had announced May 29 that he favors the “traditional right of the governor to have a friendly state. Democratic executive committee.” State law provides the selections of the senatorial district caucuses at state conventions “shall” be the executive committee members. DOT loyalists resent Daniel’s lieutenants replacing some persons selected by their caucuses, but not acceptable to Daniel, at the Fort Worth convention in 1956. The state Democratic committee said the convention in San Antonio Sept. 9 “should be urged to comply with all present laws,” but the SDEC also “recommends that all party officers should be nominated” on the basis of their support of the party, its nominees, and “its duly elected party offiand their agreement with the convention platform “and the policies therein applicable to the nominee for governor.” In other words SDEC and Daniel say the convention should comply with the law but the nominees for the SDEC ought to be acceptable to Daniel. When John Barnhart, SDEC member from Beeville, sought to have the committee agree that the convention “should be required” to comply with all present laws, rather than “urged,” the SDEC rejected his motion. He also submitted the proposition that “The nominees of the district caucuses shall be honored by the convention,” but the previous question, proposed by SDEC member Jim Bailey of Houston, cut off debate before the matter came up. . Mrs. LeRoyce Jones, committee member from Edna, presented a resolution inquiring who authorized SDEC to hire Jake Pickle as director of organization, who set his salary, what fund he is paid from, and whether he “delves into the affairs of the Young Democrats.” SDEC chairman Jim Lindsey announced that he was re GOV. PRICE DANIEL `Some Common Ground’ ferring it to the committee on resolutions; he did not have it read. Mrs. Jones charged to the Observer that Lindsey then told her he would not refer it to committee for a hearing: that it was “dealing in personalities,” that the hiring of Pickle had been authorized by SDEC, and that Pickle did not take part in Young Democrats’ work. Trent Cheyney, San Antonio, vice president of the Young Democratic clubs of Texas, which are dominantly liberal, asked Lindsey to be allowed to address SDEC. Cheyney intended to advocate DOT’s coc’e of ethicS. Lindsey did not let him speak, which Cheyney called “reprehensible” and a “gag rule.” Responding to DOT’s code of PALESTINE, SAN ANTONIO “You know there’s so many weddings tonight we can’t get the chairs from the funeral halls,” said a lady in authority as the ladies in the booth split the barbecued chickens and set out the panfried catfish. “But we’re gettin’ some from somewhere.” It was nearing six, and a few folk began to arrive for the first annual Anderson County Organized Labor’s Political Alliance rally. But just a few, and the lady in authority was nervous. There had been a blowup about Senator Gonzalez coming. The Palestine paper had headlined the first story, “Gonzalez to Head Barbecue,” He, along with the other statewide candidates and the local ones, had been invited to come and speak; he had accepted. Rep. Jerry Sadler of Percilla, who has three opponents but is not likely to lose, came out in the paper the night before, “I will not disgrace the people of Anderson County by appearing on the same platform with or attending the same meeting which features Henry B. Gonzalez.” Gonzalez was for integration and had been “cited by the NAACP”; to appear “would be to disgrace the high office with which the people of Anderson County have honored me.” “Some of our people were just sick,” said a lady. “That’s all they been talkin’ about downtown all day.” Would people come, or would they stay away? Ed Bigbee, running against Sadler, was heard to say, “Any man’s killed AUSTIN, DALLAS Just as Texas Republicans in their executive committee meeting in Dallas called on Republicans to stay in their own primaries, the Texas Supreme Court reached a decision which most certainly will keep most Dallas Republicans in the GOP primary there July 26. By a 7-2 vote the court ordered the Dallas GOP to put Grover Cantrell, the “Stevenson Republican” whose candidacy as a Republican seemed so long like a joke, on the Republican ballot against Bruce Alger, the GOP incumbent. With Cantrell preparing an active campaign, billboards and all, Republicans will be either attracted to, or frightened to, their own primary. Meanwhile, Democratic voters will be choosing between Reps. Joe Pool and Barefoot Sanders, competitors for the Democratic nomination. If conservative voters are in fact drawn into the GOP primary by the Cantrell candidacy, Rep. Sanders should be the ,gainer, as most such voters would likely be inclined to go along with the more conservative Pool in the Democratic primary. Cantr ell’s candidacy was dreamed up by certain liberal Democrats in Dallas as a device both to illustrate what they consider the absurdity of letting Republican voters vote in Democratic primaries or vice versa and himself politically if he goes out there tonight. But you know what? I’m goin’ out there to hear what they say.” One of the men hanging around the shed where the food was set out said, “We put around town . today he was using Gonzalez as a frontSadler was afraid of his three opponents.” A Negro came up to collect for the barbecueing. “I told all my people but they’s scared,” he said. “I told ’em nobody was gonna shoot ’em.” He said he’d try to come back with some of them. People drifted onto the grounds. The booths still bear the signs of the last county fair … Grace Methodist Church, VFW, The Woman’s Benefit Association, Jaycees, Band Mothers Club \(a School PTA. Grass has overgrown the cement patio used for dancing. A short summer rain had left things fresh; the sky in the east was grey, with a cool breeze coming out of it. Ben Douhit came out and left a note ‘to be announced saying he had been there a while but had to leave for another engagement at 7:30. “To prove Sadler didn’t scare him off,” someone commented. No Negroes were in sight, but plans were made to serve them at a separate booth if they came. few did later. Judge Jim Sewell, state committee member for the district, arrived to perform the introductions. Archer Fullingim, editor of the Kountze News 175 miles away, arrived saying “I want to meet Henry Gonzalez!” His sport to keep Republicans out of the July 26 Democratic primaries. Cantrell ran for the legislature as a Democrat in 1956 and received 33,000 votes. A labor leader and, heretofore, a Democrat, he did not declare himself a Republican when he presented himself to the county GOP committee for certification as a candidate against Alger. The county committee refused him. Upon taking his case to the Supreme Court, Cantrell, on June 2, signed an affidavit that he was a Republican. JUSTICE Robert W. Calvert, writing the majority opinion, said Cantrell “evidently” felt that a change in party affiliation. would “enhance his own political and personal fortunes.” But the majority did not conclude from this that he could not change his party. Instead, Calvert wrote: “There is no restraint, legal or moral, on the right of a citizen to change his affiliation, from year to year, from one political party to another for whatever reason seems to him sufficient. His reason may well be selfish. … It is for political party voters, not their officials, to judge whether a candidate for nomination should be rejected because his candidacy is motivated by selfish considerations.” In one dissent, Justice Meade Griffin said Cantrell stated as he filed as a Republican that “he was ‘a Democrat who thinks he can be nominated on the Republican ticket.’ ” Griffin thought therefore he ought not to be al lowed on the GOP ballot. In another dissent, Justice Clyde Smith said Cantrell changed his party affiliation on June 2, too late for certification purposes. MONDAY in Dallas, Thad Hutcheson, state GOP chairman, told Republicans to “tend to their own. affairs” and let Democrats fight out their 1958 primaries. “We are going to provide leadership to keep Republicans out of Democratic primaries and precinct conventions,” he said. Jack Porter. GOP committeeman, said Republicans who help elect conservatives in Democratic primaries “help name the hardest candidates possible for their own Republican candidate to beat.” “We must not heed the call of Democrats” who warn of the danger of “a loyalist or a DOT” candidate, Porter said. Miss Bertha Adkins, vice-chairman of the Republican national committee who is on a Texas tour, told the Republicans: “Stay out of the Democratic primaries. As we offer voters a bigger choice of candidates it will be a step toward better government. As a united party we will elect Republicans.” Certified Republican candidates are Edwin S. Mayer, Sonora, governor; Roy Whittenburg, Amarillo, ‘senator; Alger; T. Everton Kennerly, Congress, Houston; J. E. A. Ross, Congress, 7th disHarlingen, Texas S u p r e m e Court; and Grover C. Carothers, Stanford, commissioner of agriculture. From Palestine to La Villita