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Over $100 Million Insurance In Force OIL INDUSTRIES LIFE HOME OFFICE 5011 FANNIN, HOUSTON First life insurance company in Texas with $1,000,000 Capital and Surplus paid in cash prior to writing business Blakley’s Race Called ‘Uphill’ / A change of tone in the Texas V Medical Assn. Journal is noted: new president Howard 0. Smith, M.D., Marlin, while criticizing “the all-powerful government,” adds: “We are not pessimists; we are not headed for destruction” and advocates that doctors promote voluntary health insurance programs, “nonprofit and commercial.” Texas Cities Bid . For Van Cliburn AUSTIN Texas cities are rushing in to claim pianist Van Cliburn. Kilgore has designated December 2 as Van Cliburn Day in honor of its 23-year-old native son. \(New York City had a Van Cliburn Day has scheduled concerts in Dallas, Houston, and Austin. Kilgore citizens did not let on if they were bothered by Cliburn’s affection for the Russians. AP quoted him in New York: “I’m from Texas and in the South if people like you they go crazy about you. From the reception I received I think there’s a bit of Texan in the Russians and I told them so. They are very sensitive and they really love music, and that doesn’t mean only Russian music.” Time reported the pianist is a Bible-bearing Baptist, as Texan but that he told a friend about Russia, “I’ve never felt so at home anywhere in my whole life,” remembered childhood and adolescence in Kilgore, outside his family, as “a living hell,” and remarked: “You can’t love music enough to want to play it without other kids thinking you’re queer or something.” Cliburn, of course, won Moscow’s International Tchiakovsky Competition last month. SAVE NOW for The Future! Open Your Account at Alice Savings & Loan Association CURRENT DIVIDEND RATE 3%% PER ANNUM Losured by an Agency of the Federal Oov’t. BOB MULLEN, Vies President Mullen Building Alice, Texas ./ Bob Hollingsworth writes in V the Dallas Times-Herald that ex-Sen. Bill Blakley is “relatively unknown” and fails to identify himself as a Senate candidate: “By whatever standards the race is judged, Mr. Blakley at this point faces an uphill battle.” IState GOP chairman Thad Hutcheson of Houston in Dallas said if Sen. Yarborough wins Democratic nomination for the Senate he will face concerted GOP opposition. “Roy Whittenburg of Amarillo is our candidate. This is no stalking horse situation,” he said. /Jimmy Gillentine, in the V Hereford Brand, thinks Yarborough will be re-elected “in a walkaway,” “deserves credit for his service and his broad-minded attitude.” ./ Mrs. Lillian Collier, Mumford, V is becoming Sen. Yarborough’s director of women’s activities and says she’s going to organize 5,000 women for Yarborough. /Rep. Charles Hughes, Sher/ man, law partner of Yarborough state manager R. C. Slagle, will be one of the district managers in the state campaign. /Lt. Gov. Ben Ramsey has been V writing letters to former contributors preparatory to his reelection campaign against ex-Sen. George Nokes. /Persons close to Carl Estes, V publisher of the very conservative Longview daily, are convinced he will endorse Sen. Yarborough. /Bicknell Eubanks writes in V the Christian Science-Monitor that Gonzalez “will have a strong appeal to minority groups. He is expected also to get almost unanimous backing from the liberal wing of the Texas Democratic Party.” Eubanks thinks it is “of real significance” that Texas voters will have a chance to express themselves directly on segregation. San Antonio Light continues V friendly to Gonzalez, San Antonio Express-News -continues hostile. The Express renewed its feud with Gonzalez over Gov. Daniel’s appointment of Joe Brown district judge in San Antonio, saying Gonzalez was “spiteful” in opposing Brown. Texas Manufacturers’ Assn. has distributed to its members AFL-CIO’s legislators’ voting record analysis, adding a note about the legislative candidates: “A great deal of information has been accumulated relative to many of these candidates, which can be made available upon reWilliam Francis, Republican assistant secretary of defens’e, and Mrs. Francis, gave a Washington party to which came GOP defense secretary Neil McElroy, Democratic Senate majority leader Lyndon Johnson, Speaker Sam Rayburn, and Texas Reps. Brooks, Burleson, Thomas, Mahon, and Kilday. F or t Worth Star-Telegram says the effort to bar W. Lee O’Daniel from the Democratic bal lot is doomed to failure, since courts twice have held party officials cannot punish members for past offenses. / Corpus Christi Caller regrets the Dallas GOP’s barring of “Adlai Republican” Grover Cantrell and the movement to bar O’Daniel from the Democratic ballot. “The good old American pastime of politics \\ is bound to suffer if all sundry are not willing to play catch-as-catch-can …” / Jacksonville Daily Progress V says the GOP committee, bar ring Cantrell, was “morally right Political Intelligence but terribly inconsistent … Dallas was ‘shocked to see a ‘Stevenson Republican’ but boasted of thousands of ‘Eisenhower Democrats.'” ./ “Texas Businessman,” the V business advisory out of Austin, announces that in a poll of its business subscribers, Daniel leads O’Daniel 3-2, Blakley leads Yarborough 7-1, Ramsey leads Nokes 5-2. / Dean. Moorhead withdrew v from Looney, Clark, Moorhead & Mathews, the politically potent Austin law firm, May 15. At Least One To the Editor: Senator Gonzalez’s entrance into the governor’s race will benefit Texas politics in two ways. Of course, the interest of minority groups will be kindled; but in addition, issues will be discussed more clearly, as at least one candidate will not avoid the question of civil rights. BERNICE CARTER 7623 Belgard, Houston 21 Help the Cause To the Editor: I appreciate your paper and the position you take on many issues. … I am graduating from college now. After several years of graduate study I hope to come back to Texas and will be anxious to help the cause of liberalism in Texas. LEE BIGELOW Swarthmore College, Penn. Right To No Work To the Editor: In the Observer May 2 I read the column, “The Right to Work,” by Al Hieken. Mr. Hieken mentions that recently when Lone Star Steel laid off 2,000 men nothing was said about the right-towork law which Mr. Germany, president of the firm, mentioned during Lone Star’s recent strike. It seems to me that Mr. Hieken did not state all the facts. The reason for the layoff is that Lone Star Steel’s business has dropped off considerably because of the cutback in demand for its products. Is it right to say an employer should keep 2,000 men on his payroll if there is no work for them? HARRY H. WHITMORE 3415 Matilda, Dallas 6 Everett Looney, senior partner, is ill. / Culver Turlington, the Young Democrat from Marshall, Harrison County, who was the object of an outburst and a threat of violence in the Young Democrats’ resolutions committee \(Obs. May resolutions committee, contrary to the Observer’s report that he was not. He said to ask Houston Clinton, chairman of the convention, if this was not so. Clinton confirmed the Observer’s understanding Turlington had been seated by the credentials committee without the right to serve on committees; but added that this provision was omitted from the report the convention as a whole acted upon, whereafter Turlington took part in. the resolutions committee proceedings. / Plugging away for natural gas V taxes, the El Paso Herald-Post editorializes, “Considering the ownership of the legislature, you cannot expect … that taxes will be levied fairly and decently.” Archer Fullingim in the Kountze News says the jobless “wonder why a man. with 200 million dollars should want to be a senator, unless it would make it easier for him to make 400 million dollars.” Shorts “I wish to say that ‘Integration ion was good, it should awaken people’s investigative thinking” H. A. Terry, 1203 Zephyr Dr., Pasadena. “You are doing a swell job and we really appreciate your efforts in trying to keep us really informed as to what is going on politically in the state of Texas.” C. A. Stewart, secretary-treasurer, Fort Worth Stereotypers Union No. 80. “Let’s buckle down, do some door knocking, and elect Henry Gonzalez!”Ray Smith, Jr., 713 E. Filmore, Harlingen. Ernest Joiner, editor of the Rails Banner in the Panhandle, stepped forth with his viewpoint on four-letter words and one with only three in his column last week. He wrote: “The righteous folks of this community are quick to condemn as obscene a novel that employs the four-letter words \(which we all know before we know the name that if a writer is to portray with accuracy life as it exists today, such earthy language is necessary. The four-letter words have never been divorced from life in any age, and to condemn them as obscene is to condemn civilization as obsceneand it may be, at that. But what chills us are those who put the double-whammy on the four-letter words because they’re obscene, and at the same time hold up as noble a threeletter word that is the most obscene of them all. That threeletter obscenity is ‘war.’ Threefourths of every tax dollar freely given to the U. S. government is ear-marked for war. Any man, layman or cleric, who dignifies war in any respect, is, in our opinion, immoral and obscene. While these people yak-yak about the immorality of beer guzzling and public dancing and mixed bathing, they cram their sons and daughters into military zoot-suits and expose them to expert in UT Panel Asks Open Doors Integration of University of Texas student life in dormitories, athletics, fraternities and sororities, and all services patronized by the student body has been called for by the University’s 75th year student integration committee. Dr. Logan Wilson, president of the University, has responded, “We feel there is no discrimination on this campus which really impedes educational opportunities.” In housing, he said, “We are making progress with integration as rapidly as we feel the general climate of opinion under which we operate will permit.” The University now has 173 Negro students. The committee said there were not more because many popular organizations and favorite places of recreation are closed to them. Some fear discrimination in classrooms or grading, the report said, although generally this has not occurred, it is concluded. All University owned eating places are nonsegregated, said the report; Negroes may live in certain University-owned dorms, but in the cheapest ones available, and the effective housing segregation that has ensued tends to remove Negroes from “the main stream of University life.” Campus recreational activities and intramural athletics are integrated, but, said the report: “There appears to be a ‘gentleman’s agreement’ binding the members of the Southwest Conference not to admit Negroes to their teams.” Negroes find off-campus facilities like skating rinks, tennis courts, and swimming pools segregated; only two restaurants and a drugstore in the University area serve Negroes, and only if accompanied by a white. “Being refused service in eating places, as has happened many places, is very embarrassing to both Negro and white students,” the report says. On Saturday evenings and Sundays, when University eating places are closed, Negroes must go “great distances” to eat. “Discrimination can also be found in barber shops, tuxedo rentals, and many other services.” struction in the fine art of gutting human beings. We believe our children could be raised in a brothel and emerge better for the experience than to have their characters molded in the cauldron of war.” LEGALS CITATION BY PUBLICATION THE STATE OF TEXAS TO Estefana Rodriguez Davila de la Paz Defendant, in the hereinafter styled and numbered cause: You are hereby commanded to appear before the 126 District Court of Travis County, Texas, to be held at the courthouse of said county in the City of Austin, Travis County, Texas, at or before 10 o’clock A. M. of the first Monday after the expiration of 42 days from the date of issuance hereof; that is to say, at or before, 10 o’clock A. M. of Monday the 23rd day of June, 1958, and answer the petition of plaintiff in Cause Number 110,431, in which Jose Davila de la Paz is Plaintiff and Estefana Rodriguez Davila de la Paz is defendant, filed in said Court on the 6th day of May, 1958, and the nature of which said suit is as follows: Being an. action and prayer for judgment in favor of Plaintiff and against Defendant for decree of divorce dissolving the bonds of matrimony heretofore and now existing between said parties; Plaintiff alleges that he and de THE TEXAS OBSERVER Page 6 May 23, 1958 VIEWPOINT OF LANGUAGE