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EMPLOYEES GROUP WORKS QUIETLY `Otherwise Without. Hope’ \(First of SAN ANTONIO In several thousand Texas business offices over the past several weeks men have thumbed through their mail, noticed an envelope postmarked “San Antonio,” slipped from it a one-page mimeographed letter and started in to read : “To Texas Employers : “The laborites have completed their final merger into the Texas AFL-CIO. They have ambitious plans both for Austin and Washington. At Washington they plan to repeal or greatly modify the Taft-Hartley law, and to use Lyman Jones every possible endeavor to Work bill. “There is no gainsaying that just as the -laborites are planning … for the next session of the Texas legislature, about eleven months away, so must we who are opposed to their plans be properly organized. It takes time, money and effort to do this. “Every employer in Texas should be willing to ‘subscribe something toward paying the cost of the great contest now impending in Texas to help prevent laborite control. Help by sending $25 if convenient; if not send a smaller amount. The main thing is to have some help from all.” There was a “staffer” with the letter: a legal-sized sheet on which were reproduced two cartoons, a political story from the Dallas News \(by Allen Duckworth, the News’s political editor; it was headlined: “Conserva151,000 Jobless Now in Texas AUSTIN As of Jan. 1, reports the Texas Employment Commission, 150,900 non-farming Texans were out of work, an increase of one per cent in the statewide jobless total of one month earlier but 20 per cent from a year earlier. “A continued probable,” TEC said. Claimants for unemployment compensation in mid-January, TEC said, averaged 59,400 weekly a 28 per cent increase over the average for the same time in December. TEC thinks things may improve in March: “Since 1950 the job total has always increased in that month, although sometimes the gain has been small …” The U.S. Department of Labor reported the number of jobless in the U.S. increased from 3.4 million in December to from 4.3 to 4.5 million in January. UT Bureau of Business Research economists said if past experience \(recessions in 1948-’49 and 1953sion may not be as severe as the national decline. Texas building c on tracts dropped $’70 million from December ’56 to January ’57, said Texas Contractor. The December total: $107 million;’ the January total: $36 million, less than half. the $72 million of Jan., 1957. State Banking Cmsr. J. M. Falkner said Texas state banks lent $73 million more in 1957 than in 1956; deposits were $102 million higher than 1956. two purported editorials. Neither the cartoons nor the editorials were credited to a publication. Said the editorials: “Today’s inflationary push is due to rising labor costs caused by the power of monopolistic unions … and to the continuing heavy tax burden …” “Everincreasing wage demands upon American business, made by the unions and backed up by their monopoly power and punctuated with strikes or threats of strikes, are like an axe held over the head of our economy.” In one of the cartoons \(signed “Chamberlain,” and distributed in mat form by the National Assn. a “road hog” in an oversized sedan is shown speeding down a road past a sign reading “Inflation,” forcing two humbler cars into a ditch. The smaller vehicles are labeled “Stabilized Economy” and “Tax Reduction.” On the sedan is lettered “Labor Union Monopoly Wage Demands.” In the second, signed MacKenzie, a balding, cigar-chomping, obscenely-obese man with “Union Monopoly” written across his protruding mid-section sits astride a shut-down factory. “Union Monopoly” holds a gnarled, caveman’s warclub in his hand. The second cartoon is titled “Tyranny.” Why Needed? The letter and the enclosure were mailed by the Texas Assn. of Employers, which has its headquarters in two rooms \(611 and Broadway, 400 yards from and six floors above the Alamo. An Observer reporter called on the association to find out whatand whogives. President and general manager of the association is Porter A. Whaley, about 70, who was, from 1935 to 1946, manager of the Texas Manufacturers Assn. Whaley was not in his offices, but his son, Clyde Whaley, 47, the association’s secretary-treasurer, was. The younger Whaley, balding, bespectacled, rotund, and candid, said he had been TAE secretarytreasurer since its formation 12 years ago. He’d be pleased, he said, to tell TAE’s story. The story, based on Whaley’s answers to questions and documents he produced: TAE was formed in 1946, not long after Porter Whaley left TMA, and was incorporated as a trade association on May 22, 1946. “Why was it needed?” asked a promotional brochure issued after the closing of the 51st Legislature. Because, said the brochure, there was need for: an iron-clad movement to prevent attempts to socialize the state government through the enactment of pro-labor and communistic legislation … for instance, laws setting up: “A state labor relations act, a state wage-hour law, a compulsory labor disputes settlement act, a state anti-injunction law against picketing, etc., the repeal of the O’Daniel anti-violence act, the repeal of the Manford labor bill, and other very desirable labor laws passed by the 50th Legislature.” Also, said the brochure, there was need “to stand uncompromisingly against every effort to take from Texas her common law capital-labor setup and to substitute in place thereof a system of European Asiatic communistic law.” \(Next week: An interview with Mr. \(Continued from Page nose too large, ridges of flesh bracketing his nose and lips, hands clasping and unclasping, voice laryngytal and watery, he seems like a mistake. “Everything we need, people give us,” he says. “Well, everybody can’t do welfare work. They ought to, yeah … You know if everybody would devote one day a week to helping humanity, that would be sufficient wouldn’t it? But people give money, that’s the same as time … “We have three families helping the program at Reynosa. Poor people, very poor, they all come, barefooted, in the mud, we give them fresh milk and bread, donuts, beets, we serve beets individually with the milk, then meat, we have considerable meat, cheese, bologna, weiners. Then finally we have clothes, shoes. I made a 55-gallon drumI take over wood, ties, I pick up from the alleys … “We take ’em in and we give them food, penicillin, first thing, and penicillin kills nearly everything … Curital, this herb medicine, made in San Juan, it’s made out of a root, that grows out of roots that grow up at Falfurrias. The Indians used to use it to die their clothes. It’s harmless, children can drink it. It is a great cure for this eye sickness. It grows here where the sickness is. Diarrhea, take and drink it, cured. “A girl, about ten, her foot was rotting, the bone was exposed, we dropped that penicillin in her foot, it will take the rottenness out, you can heal in one day with penicillin. OSpeaker Sam Rayburn said he expects to call up the natural gas bill this month; he indicated this may be the last time. “If we’re going to pass it, let’s pass it, and if it’s going to be defeated, let’s defeat it,” he said. OSen. Ralph Yarborough re ported the Department of Agriculture has allocated $600,000 for soil rebuilding work in Texas under the $20 million authorization Yarborough helped push through last session. OFive labor unions \(munici pal employees, electricians, are suing the Dallas school system on behalf of 250 non-teaching employees. They seek definition of their rights to file grievances through union representatives. The school board, said Supt. White, lets its workers join unions but did reject the unions’ representation on grievances, wages, and working conditions. A. The Texas Legislative Coun cil laid plans to study loan sharks, auto insurance, traffic ac cidents, physically handicapped people, submerged areas, and state funds not within the state treasury. “The small loans are what the people are worried about,” said Sen. Kazen, Laredo. OThe state GOP said the Democratic legislature of Texas, “luxuriating in its monopoly to engage in political expediency,” was “wasteful, unproductive … ludicrous … insignificant”; its NAACP registration law was “perhaps unconstitutional,” its water law “a mere beginning,” its lobbyist law fair but “very weak,” its crime commission “virtually meaningless and worthless.” OAtty. Gen. Will Wilson ruled the state cannot constitutionally pay the cost of moving telephone installations off highways \(a spokesman for the Texas League of Municipalities said “They bring all kinds of cases of deformed paralysis, and we help them cases! We help ’em! I massage ’em, and pray for ’em. I will find sore places in the spine, and release that, but it’s the spirit that does it. And my nurses will be believing it, believing that it will help them, and that’s the same as prayin’, you know. I think maybe faith and confidence, with the medicine … We do things doctors can’t do. All these things I can’t talk about to our medical friends, they think it’s out of order, you know, but it’s doing the business. The people come from all over the border, otherwise without hope … “When you see a woman bring in her sick baby, that’s the most important thing. That’s nice. She don’t have to give her name or anything. That’s nice … “My, my, ah, my my my thinking is, I like to use the example of Christ, of Jesus, he didn’t use no religion, the more religions we have the more division there is, and the less religion there is … You know why we have , the service clubs in the Valley? Because they have nothing to do, no vocation, outside of their office … “Somethin’s got to happen about this poverty, they’re so backward, an’ we’re so progressive right here, a few miles away … I’m not interested in formulations, in words, showing off, you know. I believe I can do the same thing in. daily deeds. Some can do it in the pulpit, maybe I can do it in daily life, be an example … Well, if I can be an example to others, this will cost municipalities $15legal any drawing for prizes involving tickets given away free by merchants trying to stimulate trade. The National University of Mexico plans to open a permanent branch in San Antonio next September. ‘0 University of Texas Presi dent Logan Wilson said in Washington that federal, college scholarships probably would be of little help in Texas. “Sixty percent of our high school students go to college, I doubt that we are missing very many of outstanding ability.” Wilson also said “there is a great deal of padding” in the elementary schools, “too much sand-box stuff and too many trips to various places.” The Houston Citizens’ Coun cil hired ex-Austin lobbyist Pat Smith’ s its “public relations” man to run up memberships to 50,000. Bob Milner, chairman, said Smith is going “particularly into industrial plants and get to people we’ve not been able to attract so far.” Episcopal Bishop C. Avery Mason of Dallas told churchmen at a 48-county diocesan convention in Dallas they “should lead in the formation of an interracial committee” and “lead men from hatred to brotherhood.” Neutrality on race issues, he said, “is, for us Christians at least, the same as joining the enemy.” OA former employee of the Hidalgo County tax office charged that $43 million in taxable property is not on the tax roll, that he reported 14 taxable improvements which assessorcollector it L. Lyon did not put on the roll, and that the “biggest ranch in the county” has had some improvements 40 years which were placed on the tax rolls for the first time this year. An investigation was ordered. that’s certainly nice, that’s certainly nice.” `I Have Found . . Would you test him yet?before you have heard what he has really done, and the high and wealthy people whose consciences he has stirred to giving? Very well: ask him why he does it. “Well! I was on the border, seem’ them sore eyes, them infections. The people had no relief, they had no aid. I think my whole life was led to this work. I asked my mother one day what she thought about poor people, and other people in luxury. She said that as long as there’re poor people, there ought not to be people with luxuries, like flowers and things. “I think the Scriptures teach that we should help the poor people around us, and that if we don’t do it, we’re not living by the Scriptures. Jesus spent most of his life doing that. That we’re not to ignore poor people in our back yards, the poor of Mexico are right among us. “Christianity means, why helping your brother, that’s needy. I guess the main thing is accepting the Lord as your Saviour. Anyhow it’s the teachings of the Scriptures that this work should be done. “I have found, I believe, this is my belief, this is my belief, that the only thing you can take with you when you leave this earth, is the good you have done here, the good you have done here on earth that’s the only thing you will go away with.” OGov. Daniel told the national REA convention in Dallas he opposed tight money and high interest rates in the U. S. Senate and will go on doing it “with whatever influence I may have as