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The one great rule of composition is to speak the truth. Thoreau hstrurr W e will serve no group or party bur will hew hard to the Truth as we find it gnd the right as we see it. An Independent-Liberal Weekly Newspaper Vol. 49 TEXAS, JANUARY 31, 1958 10c per copy Number 43 A LECTURE Ralph and the Boys AUSTIN The hyperactive tongues of Austin’s politicosliberal, conservative, in betweeners were a-wagging this week in differing assessments of a novel political performance : the speech by former Sec’y. of State Tom Reavley to the mid-winter meeting of the Texas Press Assn. here. Whether Reavley meant by the speech to make the some use of the TPA meeting that Gov. Price Daniel, then a U. S. senator, made of it two years ago, as a forum from which to say that he was available to run for governor, was not clear, nor would Reavley, in an Observer interview that followed the speech, make it clearer. “Smart,” ran the assessment of Lyman Jones one conservative; “he’s a smart kid. Look what he said. He knew it had shock value, novelty.” “But why did he say it?” argued a liberal; “he didn’t have to. He could have made the usual speech: a John Ben Shepperd speech. It has to mean that he meant what he said, that he’s sincere.” What did Reavley, appointed by ex-Gov. Allan Shivers to be Sec’y. of State for roughly the last Shivers year, say that set off the talk and the search for meaning? First off, he broke a couple of unwritten rules in the Texas political book of etiquette: be nice to your host, and say something nice about your fellow performers on the program. Additionally, he took a solid stand on a controversial subjecta novelty in itself. Reavley told the assembled editors and publishers directly that theirs was a responsibility which they had not always discharged: “Because of its incompleteness and superficiality, much that is printed is actually misleading and dishonest.” He quoted from George Fuermann’s Reluctant Empire, saying the Texas press masks the essence of issues “that do not dovetail with the theories and goals of the property class,” adding to Fuermann’s comment this statement: “It is no secret that scalawags stick their heads into every known profession, and some newspapers have been known to twist facts and quotations to fit an editorial policy or to sell more newspapers.” Reavley slapped out at his fellow performer of the TPA program, Gov. Daniel, by labeling the NAACP registration bill passed in the second special leg”nothing but a restriction upon freedom of speech,” adding, ti … as you well know, this bill received the overwhelming approval of the legislature and the signature of the Governor, and it is now the solemn law of Texas.” Where, he said, “was our sense of fairness \(when the NAACP bill our courage? Is it that we find injustice palatable and insignificant according to who it hurts? If so, then watch out race relations. And watch out democracy. Unless speech is free for the mistaken, it will not be free for the enlightened.” Reavley took his stand for the unpopular on another facet of the NAACP bill, making it clear at the same time that he personally opposes NAACP actions in the integration of schools area: The bill, he said, “is designed to catch one organization: the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. How would it catch them except as they oppose state segregation laws? Do you believe a state law, designed to be vindictive against those working for what is now held to be a federal right, is itself going to stand as constitutional? `If You Do Not’ “But this is a bigger matter than segregation or integration. Here is a bill aimed at one particular group of people who are espousing an unpopular cause. The recording of the names of the members is calculated as a means to hold them up to public notice, ridicule, and punitory treatment. Now maybe you believe with me that the NAACP is quite a hand at cutting off its nose to spite its face, and that it would do well to help the colored people instead of wrecking race relations by the way in which it seeks integration. But so long as it stays within the bounds of the recent judgment of the district court of Smith County, and so long as it is not provoking a breach of the peace, and so long as it is just AUSTIN The players were rehearsed, the scenery was ready, the stage was dressed and lit, and Saturday morning \(10 a.m. in the Maximillian Room of the Driskill up on Act I of Texas Politics, 1958the first meeting this year of the state Democratic executive committee. “Fur,” said the Corpus Christi Caller, in an editorial typical of advance daily press peeks at the committee meeting, “will fly.” Two-thirds of the committee is conservative; the other third side with the liberals. The fight has been personalized at various points in pointed exchanges between Mrs. R. D. Randolph, “Democrats of Texas” chairman and Democratic national committeewoman for Texas, and Gov. Price Daniel and Mrs. R. Max Brooks of Austin, SDEC vicechairman. If the drama lives up to advance billing, the fur will be flying over Mrs. Randolph’s carrying out of a promise to appear to urge the committee to approve a “Code of Ethics for Democratic Party Procedures” \(Obs. Sept. 20, party money raising, and possibly after a speech by Gov. Price Daniel which he said would be a “fighting” speech. A committee spokesman said DOT will have a full opportunity to discuss “its so-called code of ethics,” “and we will reply, but the most important thing before the committee is the party program for 1958.” The ethical code, in brief, provides that: HOUSTON Senator Ralph W. Yarborough came to eat lunch with about 650 oilmen in Houston’s Rice Hotel and told them that next to agriculture their industry was the most important in Texas, but he promised nothing definite about the legislation that’s worrying them. The senator sprayed some cool water over the troubled oilmen, telling them that by the time Congress finishes changing the Harris-O’Hara natural gas bill, the same people now asking him to support it “may be wiring me urging me to oppose it.” So, said Yarborough, he will wait to see what the completed bill looks like before making up his mind. As for the percentage depletion allowance, he thought it unnecessary to say anything except to repeat what he had said often before, that he is for it. Concerning imports for foreignproduced crude, Yarborough told the oil men, many of whom voted Republican in 1952 and in 1956, that Congress long ago enacted the legislation needed to deal with the problem and that what was lacking was an executive order from the President. \(Earlier Yarborough told the Houston Press: “Our oil industry is definitely not healthy. Foreign imports are cutting our prosperity, stagnating the domestic economy, and laying hundreds of peo Participants in precinct conventions would have to sign a pledge to support party nominees, as they must do now when they vote in primaries. Credentials committees would be created by county Democratic executive committees for precinct conventions. These would hear evidence and determine who was in the majority at a disputed convention and other points of disagreement. The SDEC chairman \(who currently is Jim Lindsey of Texarmembers from Texas \(Mrs. Randolph and Byron Skelton of Temtesting county delegations, would meet, one week after county conventions, and pick a “master” to hear disputes and make recommendations for their settling to the state committee. Candidates for SDEC membership nominated in senatorial district caucuses at state conventions would not be changed by the party offiecrs committee at the state convention \(as has happened at many state conventions, including the state convention at When Mrs. Randolph appears Saturday, fresh in the minds of spectators and participants will be: An acrimonious exchange of letters between Mrs. Randolph and Mrs. Brooks, wife of an Austin architect. Mrs. Brooks called on Mrs. Randolph to apologize when she appeared for having accused SDEC members of disloyalty to the Democratic Party. Mrs. Randolph replied, in part: “I don’t believe good Democrats need sit still for being lectured on. Oilmen Tell Their Needs ple off jobs. We must cut foreign imports to a reasonable proportion so as not to wreck our own When the “Houston Oil Forum,” which brought together representatives of five industry associations, was over, Yarborough had offended no one and had committed himself to nothing new but had heard himself praised and referred Al Hieken to in friendly and complimentary phrases by such unwonted table companions as W. J. Goldston, district vice president of the Texas Mid-Continent Oil & Gas Assn.; Raymond D. Reynolds, vice president, Texas Independent Producers and Royalty Owners Assn.; Curtis Hankamer, vice president, Independent Petroleum Assn. of America; Lloyd F. Thanhouser, vice president and general counsel of Continental Oil Company and member of the American Petroleum industries Committee of the American Petroleum Institute; J. U. Teague, president of the American Assn. of Oilwell Drilling Contractors, and Ben C. Belt, president of the Houston Chamber of Commerce. Democratic Party support by peo ple who went charging off on Womanpower for Eisenhower.’ ” Daniel called on conservatives to pay their poll taxes before the Jan. 31 deadline lest the DOT “splinter group” win control of the party. Mrs. Randolph replied she suspected Daniel would not have won 1956’s gubernatorial election without Republican support. \(The Harris County Republican chairman, Emmett Smith, said he “heartily agrees” with Mrs. Randolph that Daniel owes his election to GOP votes, adding that the DOT represents the Democratic Party nationally, and Texas conservatives ought to join the If fur flies over money, it might be set off by a revival of SDEC charges that the DOT failed to help the committee in the “Dollars for Democrats” drive of last November. Mrs. Randolph, joined by Sen. Ralph Yarborough, asked that donations be sent directly to the Democratic national committee, by-passing the SDEC. Their slogan was “Not a Nickle for Pickle.” SDEC spokesmen have said this hurt their fundraising campaign; DOT’ers counterclaim that their independent activity raised more money for the national party than the SDEC would have allowed to be sent to national headquarters had both groups joined to raise funds. Pickle has said the SDEC effort raised about $7,000 but has made public no details on its use. DOT has said nothing to date of the results of its drive. Other, less explosive, items on the agenda include: Also introduced but not at the speakers’ table were Presidents Charles Alcorn of Mid-Continent, Gordon Simpson of IPA, and Jerry O’Brien of TIPRO. `Make You Work’ Belt, introducing Yarborough, said, “I thank him on behalf of the people of Houston for the vigorous way he has concerned himself with our problemshe is putting lots of steam behind it.” Belt told the oil men the senator “is going to make you a real leader, but he is going to make ‘you work for it … he is in a position of great influence in the oil industry … I am honored and proud to introduce to you Senator Ralph W. Yarborough.” Yarborough told the oilmen he had met in the lobby, just before coming into the ballroom, another oilman who was just as concerned, though from a different standpoint, with the problems and the future of the oil industry as those he was addressing. That man, he said was a member of the Oil, Chemical and Atomic Workers Union \(R. A. Harrell of Local Yarborough told the oilmen that in spite of all their troubles they could take comfort in the knowledge that there was no government department bent on running part of them out of their industry as the Agriculture Department, under Ezra Taft Benson, was trying to run drouthstricken Texas farmers and ranchers off the land. He said oil rentals had kept some farmers on the land who otherwise might have been forced to leave. He mentioned there were 8,400 wells in West Texas not connected to any pipeline. He spoke of the suffering of the aged, the pensioners, and how Texas was 40th among all the states in amounts it paid and lagged behind other states in education. He was not an expert on anything, said the senator, smiling. Once, he said, he used to think he had become an expert at losing elections, but then he met Senator Theodore Green of Rhode Island, who told him how he had lost elections for 25 years until SOCIETY NOTE AUSTIN Society note, from the Austin American: “Sir Harold Caccia, British Ambassador to the United States; J. C. B. Richmond, British Consul General in Houston; and Mr. Paul Scott Rankine, Washington aide to the Ambassador, were honored by Governor and Mrs. Price Daniel at a small dinner Thurs