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Artists as ureaucrats \(Continued from Page ernmenthis quietly effective efforts to bridge the various political and religious differences that are hangovers from the ’20s and ’30s. Art and Politics Just how this paternalistic, culture-conscious, one-party system affects its artists is hard to pin down. On the one hand it gives its artists much greater importance, kudos, voicein terms of walls, exhibitions, scholarships, prizes, teaching, and diplomatic and governmental sinecures, than any more periodically embattled democracy \(which deals patronage for monetary On the other hand it is much less demanding than any more totalitarian government in. terms of theme or form. PRI’s most vocif AUSTIN \(The column which follows was written by the almasteight-year-old son of the Observer’s associate editor, as the associate editor, distracted by a congenital dislike of work, sat at his home typewriter and bemoaned his Daddy, do you know how `Silent Night’ got its name? No. I’ll tell you. I’ll write a column for you about it. O.K. Well, a long time ago, in a village in a foreign country across the ocean, there was a church and the man who played the organ in the church found out that the organ was broken. And it just so happened that that day the priest of the church had gone to see a family who lived on a high hill in the country. And when he got back late that night he went to his room and he made up some poetry. The name of the poem was ‘Silent Night.’ And then the next morning the man who played the organ in the church also was a school teacher and played the guitar. And so the priest took the poem he had made to the guitar player, and asked if this poem could be put to music. And the guitar player looked it over and said: ‘I’ll think about it.’ He told the priest: ‘This is a Christmas song.’ And the next day the guitar player also told the priest that the words suggested a tune. So the guitar player tried different tunes. Finally, he got one. That Christmas see, this was all around Christmasthey played the song in the church, the guitar player did. Because the organ was broken. Finally, a few weeks after that, an organ fixer came to fix the organ in the church. Everybody was so gladwas very glad. The organ fixer fixed the organ and said to the organ player: ‘You try it.’ Sohe did. The organ fixer stayed to listen and when he went back to his village, he told people there. They told people in other villages. Finally, the song reached Paris, France. Soon, not long after that, people on boats came over to America and now that song they made in a foreign country is one of our Christmas carols called `Silent Night.’ These are the words that the priest wrote and they are also the words that are in ‘Silent Night’ and that the guitar player wrote the music for: emus opponents, like the late Rivera and Siqueiros, are still given the lion’s share of mural commissions; embassies and consulships are handed out to the most freewheeling and disengaged poets. A rundown of Mexican ambassadors from the days of Porfirio Diaz to the present incumbent reads like the same sort of Who’s Who of Mexican Poetry that a similar scanning of Ike appointments seems a roster of Who’s Who in. U S Big Business: from Ruben Dorio to Torres Bodet to Octavio Paz, almost any Mexican poet of stature has had a State Department post at one time or another. The short story writers and novelists, as presumably more practical-minded people, are given governorships, minor portfolios in Communications, the Department of the Interior, or Social Security, or even top positions in the governmentcontrolled labor unions, secre `Silent Night, Holy Night, All is calm, All is bright. ‘Round yon Virgin Mother and Child, Holy Infant so tender and mild, Sleep in Heavenly peace, Sleep in Heavenly peace.’ LYMAN MORGAN JONES IV / The Nation magazine reacted V bitterly to what it took to be Lyndon Johnson’s call “for the junking of the 40-hour week because ‘it will not produce the I.C.B.M.’ ” Said The Nation: “The business of trying to set up labor as a whipping boy is an old custom…. What concerns us is the fact that the legislative leader of the Democratic Party authored answer to the labor-baiters was to say that labor would work overtime at time-and-a-half. Here is as good an example as any of what has happened to the Democratic Party since the days of the New Deal.” /San Antonio Light defends V Sen. Lyndon Johnson’s “suggestion … that the present work week is a drag on our efforts to overcome the critical missile lag,” expresses concern that Walter Reuther was “shocked that the question was even raised.” /Atty. Gen. Will Wilson is v watching the governor’s race closely. He is telling intimates that if it becomes clear Sen. Ralph Yarborough is not going to run for governor, he, Wilson, likely will. Interest of persons close to Yarborough and the organized liberal movement continues to focus on three possible candidates: Rep. Barefoot Sanders, Dallas, Dist. Judge Jim Sewell, Corsicana, Dist. Atty. Tom Moore, Waco. Sen. Charles Herring’s jaunt to Dallas for public hearings on the McCarty-Pierson $2,000 “gift” is taken by some in Austin as a significantly political act, but skepticism continues to rise that Herring will step out against Lt. Gov. Ben Ramsey or Gov. Price Daniel. /Atty. Gen. Wilson, Austin Mayor Tom Miller, and the Austin school board and city council all turned out for a banquet honoring Anderson High’s football team, which won the state Negro championship. University of Texas Coach Darrell Royall was reported anxious to attract to U.T. an. Anderson back tary of the Cabdrivers for instance, or treasurer of the Butchers. Again one wonders, is this so cockeyed? Our own ideal of the rise and fall from the ranks has been somewhat blasted by the recent disclosures about the Teamsters and Bakers. Might not the arbitrary government appointment of a Steinbeck be a solution? The current Governor of Jalisco, an always turbulent state, is the author of one of the most important and solid novels in Mexican Letters, Al Filo Del Agua, a multi-level novel of provincial life that can best be described to US readers in terms of a J. G. Cozzens. Apparently Agustin Yanoz, with no political background to speak of, has been an extraordinarily efficient and unifying force in Jalisco, perhaps because to most of the important young writers in Mexico, Jalisco is equivalent to Mississippi in terms of U. S. letters. And might it not have been a much better solution to the Little Rock situation if a U. S. President had been able to substitute a William Faulkner for an Orval Faubus, instead of having to hew to legalistic interpretations of a constitution that never envisaged a contempt for the union? Might it not have been better to muster the local poets and novelists rather than Federal bayonets? \(Concluding Article: Young field star, but the administration ruled against football team integration at this point. I Daniel’s appointment of County Judge Ned Price, Tyler, to the industrial accidents board is well received by union leaders. Price ran for land commissioner against Earl Rudder and collected a huge vote; his appointment may remove him from the races next summer. /Daniel recently shot Allen V Duckworth of the Dallas News a hot wire protesting a Duckworth story Daniel said was based on remarks by his enemies. Daniel wanted equal space the next week for the viewpoints of his friends. He didn’t get it. /Former officials of the steel/ workers’ local at Lone Star Steel are still out of jobs at Lone Star, and there seems to be no prospect they’ll be rehired. The union gave in to Lone Star, invited an administratorship for the union under the Steelworkers’ International Union. Jim Smith of the Houston office is the administrator. A story making the rounds in Austin is that Daniel was asked why he had appointed E. E. McAdams to the State Board of Control. “You know he was president of my Sunday School class,” Daniel’s said to have replied. McAdams is former executive director of the League of Texas Municipalities. /Dr. Denton. Kerr of Houston, president of the Texas Medi cal Assn., devotes his “President’s Page” editorial space in the December Texas State Journal of Medicine to a reprint of “A Christmas Prayer” by Clarence E. Manion, the For America commentator. Excerpts: “We are beset by enemies without, and weaklings within. A philosophy of stark, heartless materialism is poisoning the souls of our children…. Give us, dear God, the vigor and zeal of Lincoln and Lee, who fought on opposite sides, .but both for the H. MEWHINNEY A Manual for Neanderthals, by H. Mewhinney, University of Texas Press, 1957, $3.50. AUSTIN This is a very unusual how-todo-it-yourself book, and it has a piquant title that perfectly disguises its contents. It tells you how to do, something that extremely few people will care to do. It tells you how to chip flint and shape it into tools and weapon points. A book on the ancient art of chipping flint may strike many as trivial, academic, or even pointless, but this is a matter of opinion. After all, we may have to go back to chipping flint some day. It does seem a far cry from a Stone Age hand ax to a gleaming sputnik, but the two are not unrelated. Flint chipping was one of the first technological advances that began in the Paleolithic or Old Stone Age. This book, however, was not written to point up the history of human technology. It was written because Mewhinney, a Houston newspaper columnist, became interested in flint chipping and decided to learn just how early man did it. Instead of being satisfied by reading a few scientific books and articles, he got some flint and started hammering away. He is not the first man of our time to do this, but he is the first to do it and write a readable book about it. freedom-saving Constitution …. our time is short. From out of the lowering darkness we can hear the drums of destruction, their tattoo rising, steadily rising.” / Texas Railroad Brotherhoods are mailing out a poll tax reminder, in black, blue, and rust colors, that in an industrial city in 1952, 17,000 of 18,400 eligible voters paid their poll tax in ten silk-stocking precincts, while only 11,103 of 43,400 eligible voters paid theirs in ten organized labor precincts. /The Tarrant County Demo `cratic Woman’s Club held a panel discussion among conservative and liberal Democrats and asked Mrs. Curtis Coppage to write Gov. Daniel that they had Political Intelligence agreed on one point: there is no need for a Democratic state convention “to be policed by armed guards.” Delegates can appoint their own sergeants-at-arms, Mrs. Coppage told Daniel. / Corpus Christi Caller says Dallas hiring a $10,000-a-year press agent means nothing more than “an extra hurdle for reporters.” The Caller also smirks at the Lyndon Johnson preparedness subcommittee’s alarms about national peril, Johnson’s warning of the Sputnik “Pearl Harbor,” followed by a 20-day recess for Christmas. /Dallas News says there’s no need for more veterans’ land bonds: “The time is about past when veterans of World War II need public help in making a new start.” /Houston Chronicle favors in clusion of two Mexican base ball teams \(Monterrey and Mex/Maury Maverick, Jr., noting V he was called the father of lobbyist control, told the Express: “Since I am an old bachelor, you know what that makes that lobby bill.” Mewhinney did read the scien. itfic literature on flint chipping; whether before, during, or after his laboratory experiments, he does not say. He found that this literatureproduced mainly by anthropologistscontained many statements that failed to meet the test of his own flint-chipping experience. Mewhinney does a skillful job of making the “experts” look silly. They could have avoided some of their errors by doing what Mewhinney didchip some flint. Mewhinney also demolishes a number of popular notions about flint chippingthat it is a lost art, that it takes great perseverance and much time to fashion a single spear or arrow point, that flint was chipped by heating it in fire and placing small drops of water on its surface to remove flakes. The last is a very persistent and widely held belief, an authentic item of American folklore, in fact. If you want to take up flint chipping as a hobby, if you want to develop an appreciation for the place of flint chipping in early human history, or if you are a Mewhinney fan and would like to savor his wit and lucid prose, this little volume is for you. A man who can write a lively book on a prosaic subject is no mean literary craftsman. T. N. CAMPBELL / Ben. Ezzell in the Canadian v Record responds thusly to Bascom Giles’s plea for parole: “There are a lot of other thieves in Huntsville who might, with equal logic, class themselves as ‘political prisoners’ … since they, too, got that way by violating the laws of that great political subdivision, the State of Texas.” / In a case briefly noted last V issue, the state has at least temporarily shut , down stock-selling First Trust Co. of Houston, alleging “false and fraudulent” annual statements to the banking commission. The firm is insolvent, with capital impairment of $382,000, alleges the Attorney General in a receivership