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METHODISTS ASSESS THEIR RACE RULES AUSTIN Some 550 clergy and lay 1 e a de r s from Methodist churches all over the state came together in Austin last week to ponder, mostly, the problem of race relations in their brotherhood. It was, for many of them, a new experience, sitting down to meals and discussion with Negroes. There was considerable division of opinion. Some segregationist attitudes disconcerted the pro-integration organizers of the meeting, as when one group leader remarked to a group which included some Negroes that they might as well admit from the first that Negroes are inferior. When a Negro asked whether it would be all right for him to attend white churches when he is visiting in other communities, he did not get a precise answer. The Methodist churches are still segregated in Texas. The meeting was styled an interracial leadership conference sponsored by the board of social and economic relations of the Methodist Church. It was held at Huston-Tillotson College. The Rev. R Floyd Curl, professor and director of field work at Perkins School of Theology at SMU, contrasted formal Method-1 ist statements for equal human opportunities without respect to race with Methodist practice. The Texas Methodists are 93.3j percent Anglo-American, 5.2 percent Negro, and 1.5 percent Latin. \(The total of Texas Methodists is and Latins but not Negroes. The School of Theology is open to all three groups. Two Methodist colleges are for Negroes; a third one has admitted Negroes on occasion. Two junior colleges of the Methodists exclude Negroes. Wesley Foundations \(on 25 campuses? are “entirely interracial.” Four Methodist hospital admit all groups. The Mission Home and Training School admits only Anglos and Latins. A Methodist home for the aged is for Anglos only; one home for children admits only Anglos and Latins. There is a little integration among Latin and Anglo Methodist ministerial conferences, but, said Rev. Curl, “No Negro minister is a member of a white conference in Texas nor is any white minister a member of either of the Negro conferences.” What about integration of the churches themselves? Rev .. Curl’s summary: “At the local level many churches of the Anglo group have Latin members and some Latin churches have Anglo members. There is record of one white church with a Negro member or two; there is no record of a white member in a Negro Methodist Church in Texas.” 27% Don’t Go Workshop topics, and resource leaders for each, were “the church serving all the commun: ity,” Harold Kilpatrick, executive secretary, the Texas Council of Churches, and the Rev. Marvin T. Judy; “the church’s responsibility in community problems,” Allan Barnes, Texas Research League; and “relationship between jurisdiction: ‘things we could be doing together,” Dr. Richard Bush, and the Rev. R. F. Curl, professors at SMU Perkins School of Theology. Research papers for the conference dealt with basic social and economic problems of Texas. The Rev. Judy, professor of church administration and rural sociology at the Perkins School, presented census figures updated by Sales Management Magazine listing the non-white \(98 percent ies. The 1956 total population, and the nonwhite population, of the named areas: AUSTIN Railroad workers of Texas have come forward with the first “good-bad” rankings of the 1957 state legislature, and the general conclusion is that it was “more liberal.” In addition, said the Texas Joint Railway Labor Legis-, lative Board in its report, the session was successful for labor because for the first time since 1943 there was no “punitive anti-labor legislation.” “On the other hand,” observed the report, “a great many , good labor bills were killed in the labor committees named by Lt. Gov. Ben Ramsey and Speaker Waggoner Carr.” The report was critical of Ramsey additionally for his part in passing the bill raising the college tuition rates 100 percent. “Ramsey has long used the twothirds rule to block progressive legislation,” said the report. In this case the two-thirds rule blocked the bill, “so Ramsey went back to the rules printed in the book.” On the House side, the board’s demic freedom have been violated, we also believe that the Southern Association’s investigation, in order to be full and complete, necessarily must take into account the views of the faculty t, Dean Charles Davis of Florida State University-the Southern Association’s investigator into the Tech controversy will arrive Sunday. Tech president Dr. E. N. Jones said he was certain Davis would meet with faculty representatives. The Southern Association is Tech’s accrediting agency. The Tech faculty also approved formation of a committee on faculty tenure. Members of the cornmittee: Dr. Jones and Dr. G. E. Giescke, Tech vice-president; Dr. Kune Nall, English professor, and Dr. Robert Rouse, economics professor; and Harold Hinn, Plainview, and C. I. Wall, Amarillo, both members of the board of directors. Texas, 8,929,900, 1,071,588; Amarillo, 132,400, 5296; Austin, 190,500, 26,670; Beaumont-Port Arthur, 224,500, 49,390; Corpus Christi, 233,900, 11,695; Dallas, 792,400, 98,050; El Paso, 262,200, 6,030; Fort Worth, 507,000, 50,700; Galveston, 132,000, 27,720; Houston, ‘1,076,200, 190,487; Laredo, 65,000, 130; Lubbock, 152,500, 9,912; San Angelo, 74,500, 3,725; San Antonio, 580,500, 35,410; Waco, 142,200, 23,463; Wichita Falls, 126,800, 6,974. Judy further pointed out that 27 percent of Texas Latin-Americans do not ever attend school at all, while only 6 percent of the Negroes do not and two percent of the Anglos. Among the Latins 77 percent are through with school by the end of the sixth grade, while 70 percent of the. Negroes are through by the end of the eighth grade, whereas, at the end of the sixth grade, only 21 percent of the Anglos are through, and, at the end of the eighth, only 42 percent of the Anglos. Jobs, Housing rankings give Rep. Raymond Bartram, New Braunfels, the “worst” record with six “good” votes and 16 ‘bad” ones. The “best” records from the point of view of the railroad workers were those of Reps. W. W. Glass, Jacksonville, 21-1; Charles Hughes, Sherman, 24-1; and Harold Coley, Conroe, a late-corner, 9-0. On the Senate side the board’s compliments went especially to Sens. Jimmy Phillips, Angleton, 20-1, and Doyle Willis, Fort Worth, 19-1, while the “worst” records were those of Sen. Dorsey Hardeman, San Angelo, 5-15, and R. A. Weinert, Seguin, 5-14. Test Votes The report scored as “good votes” some that were relatively uncontroversial. Segregation votes votes were not counted. On the House side, the vote tabulations scored as favorable votes for requiring trucks carrying explosive or inflammable commodities to stop at railroad crossings and agains,t increasing the truck load limit. Also scored favorably were votes supporting industrial safety, workmen’s compensation, $7,500 a year for legislators, the code of ethics, lobby control, the teacher pay raise, urban renewal, a higher public welfare ceiling, water conservation, the paid probation and parole system, insurance reform, limiting child labor, strengthening credit unions, and giving Harris County another congressman, and votes against a 25 percent limit on income taxes and the doubled college tuitions. On the Senate side, favorable votes were tabulated for support of ‘permitting the Railroad Commission to consider the public convenience and necessity in discontinuing passenger trains, while legislators were penalized for supporting bills to change passenger train formations or to increase I truck load limits. Scored as “good” also were support of workmen’s comp, the $7,500 legislator pay, the code of ethics, lobby control, the teachers’ pay raise, slum clearance, water conservation, the migratory labor council, insurance reorganization, and congressional redistricting, Rice told about a project of the Friends Service Committee called the Dallas Job Opportunity Project. Skilled young Negroes were found, and nearly 50 of them were placed “in non-traditional jobs.” J. Maceo Smith, racial relations officer of the Federal Housing Administration, said Negroes are owning more homes, but that in 1950, 34 percent of the dwelling units they occupied were dilapidated and lacked hot water, private toilet, and bath. In urban centers Negroes are crowded into central areas while whites tend to move to the suburbs, he said. Negroes presently occupy 9,846 public housing units in 69 cities in Texas, he said. In no case is the rent less than 20 percent of the family’s gross income. Smith reviewed efforts by private groups especially the Hamilton Park development in Dallas, but also others, to provide low-cost private housing for Negroes. The Rev. A. Dudley Ward, general secretary of the national board of social and economic relations of the Methodist Church, presented a paper designed to refute doctrines of racial superiority. 12-13, Holstein 19-6, Hooks 21-4, Hosey 15-9, Huebner 15-8, Huffman 17-6, Huffor 21-4, Charles Hughes 24-1, Robert Hughes 14-8, Hutchins 16-5, Isaacks 15-8, Jackson 222, Jamison 18-6, Johnson 14-11, Jones 19-6, Joseph 11-10, Kelly 14-10, Kennard 20-4, Kennedy 12-9, Kilpatrick 21-3, Koliba 20-3, Korioth 20-4, Kothman 15-9, Latimer 12-13, Laurel 17-6, Lee 17-7, McCoppin 18-7, McDonald 10-14, Frank McGregor 14-6, Malcolm McGregor 16-8, Mcllhany 14-11, Mann 19-6, Martin 15-8, Matthew 11-14, Mays 16-8, Moore, 14-8, Moore, 11-14, Mullen 21-3, Murray 12-9, Myatt 22-3, Oliver 20-4, Osborn 12-12, Parish 14-10, Parsons 14-8, Patterson 15-8, Pipkin 13-9, Pool 11-12, Presler 12-13, Puckett 12-13, Ramsey 11-5, Richardson 17-5, Roberts 912, Russell 10-14, Sadler 15-9, Sandahl 11-12, Sanders 15-10, Saul 7-12, Schram 14-7, A. R. Schwartz 18-5, Walter Schwartz 17-7, Seeligson 7-14, Shackelford 19-5, J. W. Shannon 17-5, Tommy Shannon 12-13, Shaw 10-15, Sheridan 10-10, Sherrill 22-2, Slack 12-9, Max Smith 8-17, Will Smith 21-4, Spilman 12-12, Springer 22-3, Stewart 19-6, Storey 14-7, Strickland 11-12, Stroman 17-8, Sudderth 11-11, Sutton 13-10, Talasek 16-6, Terrell 15-10, Thurmond 11-14, Tunnell 10-13, Turman 17-8, Walling 22-2, Watson 14-11, Welch 11-12, Wheeler 19-4, White 14-7, Wilson 20-2, Wilson 10-11, Winfree 18-7, Wohlford 10-7, Woolsey 10-12, Ye20-5, and Zbranek 20-2. NEWS MAN IS FIRED lain it was an anti-Faubus broadcast,” he said. A native of London, Kelsey came to the U.S. in 1926 and was in radio in Chicago for 12 years before moving to San Antonio Radio Station KTSA. In 1953 he left San Antonio and joined Radio Station KLBS in Houston before taking his most recent radio assignment. “The station said I gave a proI THE TEXAS OBSERVER integration broadcast and I mainPage 8 Sept. 20, 1957 of Anglos averaged $6,245, of Ne groes $2,207, and of Latins $1,883. J. W. Rice, secretary-manager of the Dallas Negro chamber of commerce, discussed minorities’ job and economic status in Texas. He said slavery bred sharecropping and peonage, which in turn now sap the aspirations of the oppressed. He cites a 1950 census bulletin giving the race and class of employed persons in Texas by occupation, based on 37,273 Texas workers of whom 4,850 were Negro. It ‘showed, he said, “no Negro accountants, auditors, artists, chemists, designers, draftsmen, aeronautical engineers, electrical engineers, natural scientists, surveyors, locomotive engineer s, toolmakers, boilermakers, or foremen in manufacturing durable goods.” “It was labor union’s, still just in their infancy in Texas, led by the CIO, which first admitted Negro workers to membership,” he said. “In the race for members which followed between the AFL and the CIO in Texas the membership of Negro laborers was sought rather than spurned, although it is still true in many crafts that Negro representation is confined to what are known as ‘B’ or inferior locals in rank and qualification of members.” LUBBOCK Three hundred of Texas Tech’s 465 faculty members met this week and passed a resolution charging Tech directors violated faculty tenure and academic freedom standards when they fired Drs. Byron Abernethy, Herbert Greenberg and Per Stensland. I Said the resolution: “The refusal of the board … to acknowledge or accede to the request of the faculty \(made at a previous mass the recently dismissed faculty members … and the board’s refusal to give reasons for those dismissals are looked upon by the faculty with grave concern. Such procedures jeopardize the status of every active and competent member of the faculty. We … endorse the principals of the Southern Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools, and since we believe those standards pertaining to faculty tenure and aca Tech Profs Stand Pat His tables further noted that as of 1950 Anglos had median income of $2,504 compared to $980 for Latins and $1,168 for Negroes. I The value of the dwelling units First Solon Vote Rating Is Out and opposition to the 25 percent income tax limit and the tuition hike. The railway brotherhoods’ ratings in these terms, with “good” votes first, “bad” votes second: Senators: Aikin 16-4, Ashley 10-8, Bracewell 12-8, Bradshaw 11-8, Colson 10-6, Fly 9-11, Fuller 14-7, Gonzalez 15-2, Hardeman 5-15, Hazlewood 18-3, Herring 16-3, Hudson 9-10, Kazen 16-5, Krueger 13-7, Lane 8-13, Lock 10-11, Martin 9-3, Moffett 12-9, Moore 15-3, Owen 12-6, Parkhouse 8-13, Phillips 20-1, Ratliff 9-12, Reagan 13-7, Roberts 18-2, Rogers 17-2, Secrest 19-2, Smith 14-5, Weinert 5-14, Willis 19-1, Wood 8-8. Representatives: Anderson 15-8, Armor 15-10, Atwell 8-11, Baker 15-6, Ballman 21-4, Bartram 6-16, Bass 16-8, Bell 12-12, Bishop 17-8, Blaine 14-8, Blanchard 16-8, Bowers 11-13, Boysen 15-10, Brashear 12-7, Bristow 14-4, Bryan 12-4, Bullock 9-14, Burkett 7-13, Byrd 19-5, Chapman 19-5, Cline 18=6, Cloud, 15-7, Cole 15-7, Coley 9-0, Conley 11-13, Cory 18-7, Cotten 11-13, Cowen 10-10, John Cox 18-4, Crosthwait 6-10,